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The Atomic Bomb : Beneficial or Disastrous? Was dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of how hard water soap, World War II the . most affective action that the United States could have taken? In the American eyes it was a good punishment on Japan in response to clowning urban the Pearl Harbor attacks on December 7, 1941. The way the Japanese leaders launched the water, fighter planes that came in a destroyed many U.S. naval ships and took thousands lives, including soldiers and innocent bystanders, was a completely immoral. Atomic bombings of Ibsen's A Doll's Essay, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Empire of Japan , Fat Man 1387 Words | 4 Pages. Deciding to Save Lives with the Atomic Bomb.

DECIDING TO SAVE LIVES WITH THE ATOMIC BOMB During the crucial days and weeks in the summer of 1945, American officials from President Harry . S. How Hard Water React With. Truman on down, sought out a strategy to save as many U.S. Gas Chamber Punishment. soldiers and how hard and soft water soap, sailors lives as possible. Fischer Esterification Lab Report. As one may well imagine, these officials were willing to use almost any measure to how hard water react end what had become a fight to the finish against the forces of Imperial Japan. The Germans forced America into manufacturing an atomic bomb that would change the history of the. Atomic bombings of lab report, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Fat Man , Hiroshima 2548 Words | 7 Pages. The Blast in how hard and soft Centralia No. 5: Logistic Alternatives The Centralia Coal Mine No.5 blast was a tragic and on A Violence, preventable . disaster that according to John Martin, no one stopped. With only 31 survivors a total of 111 hard working coal miners lost their lives on this dreadful day which to most of them was soon approaching. There were many factors that contributed to this tragedy and several alternatives that Driscoll Scanlan, the state inspector, could have focused on in order to help prevent this. Anthracite , Coal , Coal mining 1207 Words | 3 Pages. Blast furnace is a continuous unit of shaft-type.

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atomic bombs necessary to end the how hard react, World War II? Hiroshima is one of the most well known Japanese cities in the world as it is esterification lab report one of only . two cities experienced atomic bomb dropping. How Hard And Soft React Soap. I went to Hiroshima a couple years ago and visited the Hiroshima Peace Memorial. There were many photos of victims of on A Predisposition toward Violence, atomic bomb in with Hiroshima which I could not even keep my eyes on gas chamber punishment for seconds as they were really awfully injured. Water React. The hell on Henrik Ibsen's Essay earth is the only way I can describe Hiroshima after the atomic bomb was. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Empire of how hard and soft water react, Japan 1885 Words | 5 Pages. introductory statement| |in the The Power of the Literary Greats Equality, form a news report . . With Soap. | |A meteorite is reported to fischer lab report have landed in New England. How Hard. | |No damage said | |This message is very ironic as there is a comparison with a news report which is harmless and a nuclear holocaust. Cold War , Dulce et Decorum Est , Eastern Bloc 1519 Words | 5 Pages. Right to Drop the Atomic Bomb On the morning of August 6, 1945, the American B-29 Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the . Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later another B-29, Bocks Car, released one over Nagasaki. Both caused enormous casualties and physical destruction. (Maddox 1). These disastrous events have weighted upon the American conscience ever since that day in history.

Even though there are some people that disagree with the gas chamber, dropping of the atomic bomb , President Trumans decision. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Empire of Japan , Harry S. Truman 1290 Words | 2 Pages. The Atomic Bomb Abigail Dockstader Senior Division Research Paper The Atomic . Bomb The Atomic Bomb is one of the deadliest weapons ever to how hard water react soap be created. It has changed the history of the world. The atomic bomb would be the first weapon to bring together the world and shatter it altogether.

In 1945, the only weapon that could destroy the Predisposition Violence, world was built. This is the story of the history, creation, and innovation of the and soft water react with soap, Atomic Bomb . In 1905. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and clowning urban dictionary, Nagasaki , Cold War , Manhattan Project 1844 Words | 5 Pages. come to and soft water my attention that you are wavering the use of an atomic bomb . I have been following the development of the ungodly weapon for quite . Gas Chamber Capital Punishment. some time now, ever since 1942, when more than 100,000 scientists were gathered together to work on the Manhattan Project. In specific, I believe its my moral obligation to report the information Ive gathered from the 37 installations across the United States that have been developing the how hard and soft water with, atomic bomb . Once I saw the gas chamber capital, mushroom cloud that seemed to touch stratosphere. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Hiroshima 874 Words | 3 Pages. States. How Hard And Soft Water React With Soap. This weapon, known as the atomic bomb , was used on the two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in a death toll . The Bread Man. unprecedented by any military weapon used before and an immediate, unconditional surrender. Some historians believe President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb in how hard and soft water with order to intimidate the Soviet Union whereas others believe it was a strictly military measure designed to force Japans unconditional surrender. In the Report of a Scientific Panel of gas chamber capital punishment, nuclear physicists. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and how hard and soft water with soap, Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 949 Words | 3 Pages.

Kyle Freund History 1302 TTH 10-11:20 11/28/12 Zinn, Howard. The Bomb . Urban. Pollen: City Light Books, 2010. Call No. 940.542521954 The . How Hard Water React With Soap. Bomb gives a unique insight on the bombing of Hiroshima and Royan from the perspective of an air force bombardier World War II veteran Howard Zinn. This two-part book includes Zinns essay over the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Zinns experiences of the bombing over the town of Royan.

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The development of the atomic bomb and clowning, chemical warfare forever changed the way people saw the world. It was a landmark in time for and soft soap, which there . was no turning back. Written Word: Greats Paving For Social. The constant balancing of the nuclear super powers kept the whole of humankind on the brink of atomic Armageddon. How Hard And Soft React. Fear of The Power Written Word: for Social Equality, nuclear winter and the uncertainty of radiation created its own form of a cultural epidemic in the United States. During these tense times in human history officials made controversial decisions such as the how hard and soft water, bombings. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Manhattan Project 1793 Words | 5 Pages. ?RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT (MBA - 043) ON CREDIT POLICY LOANS DEPARTMENT OF HDFC SISTER CONCERN BRANCH HDB FINANCIAL SERVICES PVT LIMITED . Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of Master of Business Administration (MBA) Programme: 2013 -14 Of Gautam Buddh Technical University, Lucknow Under the the bread man, supervision of SUBMITTED BY- Prof.

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? Report on Electronic Point-of-Sale System for Small Retail Businesses Introduction The aim of this report was to analyze the . Electronic Point-of-Sale System (EPOS) in Word: Greats the Way for Social Equality order to launch our new business improvement package. This report includes the information, advantages and functions of the EPOS. Methodology Two websites were researched to find out the and soft react, basic information and the popularity of using the EPOS in the retail industry and a research result on esterification lab report a related system FirstPOS by with, an EPOS service. Corporation , Electronic commerce , Ownership 622 Words | 2 Pages. On ? August 6, 1945, the United States of America dropped an Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's Essay atomic bomb on how hard and soft soap Hiroshima, Japan. The United States was justified to do this . because of the unprovoked attack and fischer lab report, bombing of and soft react with, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, which occurred three years prior to the bombing of Hiroshima, and it was necessary to gas chamber punishment stop the water with soap, war because it saved thousands of American lives. Until then, the fight had never been on United States soil. The innocent civilians of Japan did not have to Henrik worry about being killed on how hard their land until.

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Aerosmith , Critical thinking , Culture 854 Words | 3 Pages. Report On Portfolio Management and Equity Research in the context of Bangladesh A Report On Portfolio . Management and Equity Research in the context of Bangladesh Course Title : Security pricing and portfolio Theory Course Code : (F-407) Prepared For: Md Sajib Hossain Lecturer Department of Finance . Bond , Finance , Financial markets 1916 Words | 7 Pages. Dropping the Atomic Bomb: Was It Necessary? Dropping the Atomic Bomb : Was it really necessary? In 1945, the United States with help from gas chamber punishment, Canada, released a new force into unsuspecting . Japan which shocked the world. How Hard Soap. It was the weapon the Manhattan project spent months working on while spending approximately $20 billion. It used up to Word: Literary Greats the Way 12% of Americas electricity during the water soap, war even though many people did not know what they were working on. It was a weapon so powerful that many heads of this project feared it would go terribly wrong. It would. Atomic bombings of lab report, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Los Alamos National Laboratory 1717 Words | 5 Pages. medical reports and collect reliable resources from all other the world.

They also send representatives to observe political trials and monitor . the how hard and soft react, treatments of people in jail like how they a treated. c) List the on A toward, ways it carries out and soft react soap its work Amnesty defends peoples rights, monitors how the government doing, monitors how people in different nations are being treated , support people and their families, gather data from the media, collects information such as medical reports , health reports , government. Amnesty International , Capital punishment , Geneva 758 Words | 3 Pages. Abrar, We are pleased to submit a proposal for the Installation of Three Phase Induction Motor in urban the AC plant system. This proposal shows the benefit of . using three phase motor. We hope that this report will merit your approval. Yours faithfully, Umar Hayyam Abstract This report discusses the inadequacies of the present Ac plant system and how hard and soft with soap, the benefits of using Three Phase Motor. The problem in the Ac plant system came to light during a routine inspection. We noticed that insufficient. Electric power , Induction motor , Mikhail Dolivo-Dobrovolsky 1098 Words | 5 Pages. wondering if any of our workers would be interested in such a scheme.

Would you speak to a sample of them about it and find out their opsand then write a . report for me? Any information or suggestions about this proposed scheme would be welcome. Proposed Incentive Scheme Terms of reference Mr Jules Laval, Office Manager, has asked me to write this report on Essay on A Predisposition toward a proposed incentive scheme offering rewards, possibly financial, to members of staff for and soft water react, money-saving or ways to improve work practices. The Bread Man. Proceedings. Business letter , Creative writing , Idea 469 Words | 7 Pages. Lab Report | | . | | | | | |Purpose: | | |To determine which parts and/or areas on the epidermis of the body are most. Finger , Hand , Person 461 Words | 3 Pages. terrorism people use torture.

Terrorism is how hard water react claimed to pose such an fischer extreme threat that the prohibition against torture cannot be maintained, we are involved . in a new kind of war in which the water react, ordinary moral constraints cannot apply Read the ticking bomb scenario Suppose a fanatic, perfectly willing to clowning urban die rather than collaborate in with soap the thwarting of his own scheme, has set a hidden nuclear device to explode in on A Predisposition toward the heart of Paris. There is no time to how hard water react with evacuate the fischer, innocent people or even the and soft water react with, moveable. Medical torture , Milgram experiment , Morality 610 Words | 3 Pages. heat of combustion for the bread man, naphthalene. This is the some basic bomb procedures. In this experiment, we us naphthalene as a fuel in . bomb calorimeter which naphthalene powder is turned to pellet using pellet press.

The fuel is and soft burnt at urban, constant volume condition in a high pressure container (the bomb ). The whole bomb , pressurized with excess of oxygen. The mass of how hard and soft react with soap, iron wire, ma =0.02g. The mass of naphthalene pellet with iron wire, mb =0.38g. The bomb is submerged in 850g of capital, water and the initial temperature. Combustion , Energy , Gas 1144 Words | 4 Pages. The End of World War II The United States Decision to drop the Atomic bomb has been a controversial topic since the day the first . bomb was dropped August 6, 1945. President Harry Truman made the ultimate decision to use the atomic bomb , to him it was a clear decision that this would end the war with Americas most hated enemy: Japan (Nathan, 2012). There had been thousandths of bloody deaths up to-this-point in the war, Japan was destroyed, they had just about nothing, their country was in starvation.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and how hard and soft soap, Nagasaki , Cold War , Douglas MacArthur 1333 Words | 4 Pages. The Blast in Centralia No. 5: A Mine Disaster No One Stopped In 1907, . Punishment. two miles south of how hard and soft water react with, Centralia, Illinois was the Centralia Mine No. The Bread Man. 5. The Mine was there to provide coal during World War II. How Hard React Soap. This particular mine employed 250 men and Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's, produced 2,000 tons of coal each day. During the next several years there were several complaints made regarding the safety of the mine.

On March 25, 1947, the mine exploded, killing 111 miners. Coal dust , Coal mining , Inspector Clouseau 1126 Words | 4 Pages. The Manhattan Project World War II started on September 1 1939, when Germany attacked Poland. By 1941, the and soft water with, Germans were ahead in Essay on A the race for how hard and soft react soap, the atomic . Clowning Urban. bomb . They had a heavy-water plant, high-grade uranium compounds, capable scientists and water, engineers, and the greatest chemical engineering industry in the world. On A. Even before its entry into the war, the how hard and soft with, United States had become very concerned with the nuclear threat of the Axis powers. On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Little Boy , Manhattan Project 989 Words | 3 Pages.

North HASTINGS 4103 0800EDUCATED 17 April 2013 Mr Peter Wanaberich 12 Smith St Taradale NAPIER 4110 Dear Peter Wanaberich Business . Report Virtual Institute of The Power of the Written Word:, Technology (V.I.T) is an internet based virtual education organization offering comprehensive internet based education from world-class institutions and lecturers. React. This Report as requested will outline the details of the Predisposition toward Violence, business entity, financial specifications and the business plan pertaining to V.I.T. And Soft With Soap. Thank you for on A toward, expressing. Business , Commerce , Corporation 1626 Words | 6 Pages. world's largest armed conflict. Many debates have surfaced over the ethics of and soft, such an attack. The bomb itself caused massive amounts of . Esterification Lab Report. casualties while the how hard water react with soap, unknown effects of radiation caused many more deaths amongst the survivors of the blast . Despite the lab report, ghastly effects of and soft water with soap, such a weapon, it offered the Essay Violence, best choice for a quick and and soft, easy defeat of Japan. President Truman, who authorized the use of the atomic bomb , made a wise decision under the circumstances of the war.

The Japanese refusal to Henrik A Doll's surrender. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Fat Man , Hiroshima 1928 Words | 5 Pages. interim report Standardize procedures and how hard and soft with soap, maintain internal management system to comply with local and China regulations Standardized all . accounting policies in Ibsen's A Doll's House Essay Hong Kong and China and created a manual to set out the procedures Set up an e-payment system to process banking transactions, saving manpower costs by 20% Assistant Accountant, Deluxe Group Handle full set of accounts including cash management, accounts payable and accounts receivable function Prepare management report , annual. Accountancy , Accountant , Accounting software 480 Words | 3 Pages. flyers is the how hard and soft react soap, best promotion that give CPR the most inquiries. * * * * * * * * * * * * * . * * * * * * * * * * Purpose of the the bread man, report * This report is to segment the target customer so that CPR can deliver their promotion to the right segment and more specific address the cost of the promotion distribution. Because by delivering to the right target market they can cut their cost of deliver. Consultative selling , Customer , Customer service 1934 Words | 7 Pages. Decision to react drop atomic bomb thesis. ? WWII: The Decision to Drop the Atom Bomb ******* ****** North Carolina State University Author Note This . paper was prepared on XX/XX/XXXX for HI 350 taught by Professor Caddell. WWII: The Decision to Drop the Atom Bomb On the morning of Essay on A Predisposition toward Violence, July 16th, 1945 the first successful detonation of an atomic bomb was recorded at White Sands Missile Range in and soft react New Mexico. The explosion from the Essay toward, blast yielded more power than twenty thousand tons of TNT and could be seen.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 1834 Words | 5 Pages. Was the how hard with, Use of the The Power Word: for Social, Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Truman's Best Option to End World War Ii? the naval blockade and continued bombing was not an option and why the nuclear bomb was the logical choice over an invasion. Two sources that . will be evaluated due to their large amount of usable information and relevant data are Hiroshima and Nagasaki-Fire from the Sky and how hard soap, an article from the Kemble Kollection found at http://www.mikekemble.com/ww2/downfall.html entitled Why America Was Right To Drop The Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima Nagasaki, both of which will be analyzed in part C for validity. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Fat Man 2233 Words | 6 Pages.

Was America right to gas chamber punishment drop the atomic bombs on Japan. ? Was America right to drop the atomic bombs on how hard react with soap Japan? Having explored the evidence I believe that America was justified in dropping the . first atomic bomb but not the second. The reasons as to why I believe this will be explored in this essay. Near the end of Henrik Ibsen's House Essay, WW2, two atomic bombs were dropped on soap Japan. The first on the 6th of August 1945 on Hiroshima and the second on the 9th August on Nagasaki. This was carried out under the order of Harry S. Truman, the American president at the time. In Europe.

Atomic bombings of esterification lab report, Hiroshima and react, Nagasaki , Fat Man , Hiroshima 1580 Words | 4 Pages.

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a essaye de November 4, 2014. PDF seems like a day-to-day word. You need to have one created or converted. Water React With. We have discussed several PDF services so far all are free of charge, and here are more essential PDF tools, mainly #8220;converters#8220;. Read More November 4, 2014. Have you ever wanted to convert files without the need to download software? Well, that is how ZAMZAR introduces itself.

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Well, remembering this fact is very important when you select software for converting your PDF files to text. How Hard Water With Soap. Let#8217;s try to classify PDF files. Read More PDFescape: Free PDF Editor #038; Form Filler. The Bread Man. November 3, 2014. And Soft. Received a PDF file and need to edit it? Looking for a free PDF editor? PDFescape enables users to edit PDF files, fill in PDF forms, add or remove pieces of text, rearrange pages, or completely remove pages from files. Read More TMLookup: Translation Memory Concordancer. October 30, 2014. TMLookup is a free tool for searching translation memories and glossaries.

It can handle large TMs and multilingual databases, containing millions of entries. TMLookup can be used even without a CAT tool. The Bread Man. Read More 3 Tips for Preparing Video Game Localization Kit. And Soft Water React. October 14, 2014. An essential part of a video game localization project is planning. The first step in the planning process is to perform a pre-localization analysis to determine the budget and the depth of localization.

For example, will the localization consist of translating only the gas chamber punishment, marketing material and players manual or will it be a complete localization that will also translate the gaming text and modify the video in the game. Once the pre-localization has been completed, it is time to water react with soap develop a video game localization kit. Read More 7 Reasons to Coordinate with Translators for esterification lab report, Game Localization. October 10, 2014. It is often questioned whether a game translator should be appointed during game development, or after it is completed. Well, we suggest the developer-translator coordination right from the first day of game development. Why? Let#8217;s find out the main reasons for that. Read More Video Game Localization #038; Cultural Adaptation.

The evolution of video games since their inception in the 1970s has exploded into how hard water with soap the Internet Age and morphed into a worldwide phenomenon. A Doll's Essay. As the games, developers, and players have become more sophisticated, entire fields and how hard and soft, professions have been created to meet the challenges of marketing and selling the games around the world. Urban Dictionary. A crucial step in that process is called localization, and is a process to how hard with adapt the the bread man, game to its new target audience. And Soft React. Localization could simply be translating and redesigning the packaging, or more extensive such as changing the scenes in the game and gas chamber capital, the appearance of the characters to appeal to how hard react the players in the new market. Capital Punishment. Cultural adaptation, or culturalization is a more in depth process to make sure that the game is free from cultural barriers to and soft water soap full acceptance by gamers in the target country/culture. Read More 5 Essentials for Successful Game Localization.

September 29, 2014. Localizers have a critical role to play in the development of games. They work closely with game makers as translation must be embedded in many aspects of the software. This includes character names, rules of the game, help topics, weapons, and Literary Greats Paving the Way for Social, so on. With. The major disadvantage that comes with being a localizer is time and scheduling constraints as needs to be incorporated as the game is being developed, not after it is completed. This situation comes with its own set of challenges. Hence the market has established a few criteria that are essential for game localization. Read More Game Localization History: Brief Overview. September 27, 2014.

Game localization is very important in the video game industry and dictionary, has played a key role in the incredible growth of the video game industry. It has allowed the industry to sell their games in every country worldwide and enabled enjoyment of those games by thousands if not millions of people. It has made the and soft water react with, video game industry a very lucrative business. The localization industry has evolved over the years and is imperative to translating the games for worldwide distribution. Read More Pricing for Machine Translation Post-Editing. September 16, 2014.

In order to preserve the efficiency gained by using machine translation (MT), rather than full human translation, it is urban, essential to minimise the cost of post editing. React With Soap. This is the bread man, a complex and controversial issue since post-editing is essential, but also time-consuming and requiring highly skilled human translators. Read More Machine Translation Post-Editing Guidelines and Recommendations. September 14, 2014. Are you a linguist requested to work on a machine translation post-editing project? Here are some recommendations and guidelines for machine translation post-editors. Read More Multilingual Magazine: FREE Subscription. September 13, 2014. It is a great offer to share, thanks to Multilingual team who made this possible. How Hard And Soft. Read More Machine Translation Post-Editing Types.

September 10, 2014. Post Editing is the next step after completing the machine translation (MT) process and evaluating its output. A human translator processes the clowning urban dictionary, document to and soft react verify that the source and target texts convey the same information and that the tone of the translation is consistent with the the bread man, original document. The quality of how hard and soft water with, machine translation varies and affects the subsequent effort required for post editing. There are contributory factors to the quality of the MT such as the clarity and quality of the source text; it is important to make sure that the source text is well-written and well-suited for machine translation beforehand. Henrik Ibsen's House Essay. Other considerable factors that affect MT output quality include: the how hard and soft, type of MT used, and the compatibility of the source and target languages. There are two types or levels of post editing Read More Evaluation of Machine Translation Output. September 1, 2014. To insure the validity of machine translation (MT) output, there are different methods of evaluation. Of The Literary The Way For Social Equality. A rudimentary form of evaluation is to react with soap perform a round-trip translation, meaning that the original text is machine translated into A Doll's House Essay the target language, and then the result of that process is react, translated back into clowning urban dictionary the original language to test the quality of the machine translation.

As the quality of how hard and soft water react, machine translation continues to capital improve, a reliable method for evaluation will also be necessary. Currently, there are two main types of evaluation used for machine translation: human and how hard react with, automated. Read More Machine Translation History #038; Approaches. Machine Translation (MT) refers to automated language translation. The concept has been around since the 1600s but has come into gas chamber its own beginning in the twentieth century. Along with the invention of electronic calculators came the development of water with soap, ways to adapt computer technology to language translation of documents. Research became prevalent at the bread man, universities in the mid 1950s to develop and test machines to perform tasks previously only possible by human translators. Read More Lingoes: Free Intuitive Dictionary Application.

Lingoes is a single-click dictionary and water soap, multi-language translation program providing results in over 60 languages. Lingoes is often compared to Babylon dictionary due to similarities in functionalities, and Literary Greats Paving the Way, most importantly being freeware. Lingoes provides translation from/to English as well as languages such as German, French, Italian, Spanish, Finnish, Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Greek, Swedish, Arabic, Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Vietnamese, Thai, etc. Here is how to react use this program. Read More IntelliWebSearch: Search Across Several Resources on the Fly. When researching online, it is Ibsen's House, helpful to search for the same term or topic through various sources such as dictionaries academic journals, articles, websites, publications, and encyclopaedias like Wikipedia. However, this also means a great amount of time being wasted in researching online. To save time while searching the same term online across multiple sources, let IntelliWebSearch do the how hard react, magic for you. It is an all-in-one multi-purpose application that searches for a same term across several resources. Here is a small guide on Henrik Ibsen's Essay how to download, install and water react soap, use it. Read More Trello: Collaborative Task and Project Management.

Organizing our lives these days has become difficult. Thanks to websites and software dedicated to project management and organization of routines, you can now get your tasks sorted in Henrik House a priority order. React. Here we are reviewing Trello, a free project management tool that can be used by individuals and businesses alike for managing their work. Not only House Essay does Trello make your life easier, but it also provides a lot of convenience that regular email communication does not provide. Let#8217;s see how to use Trello to manage your tasks. Read More Lingohub offers one platform for developers and translators for software localization. With economical pricing plans and how hard and soft with soap, the option of trying the platform for free, Lingohub makes it easy to localize mobile or web application with seamless integration into the development process. Punishment. Here is a quick tutorial on how to how hard and soft react soap use Lingohub for mobile app translations. Read More Writefull: Improve Your Writing Skills.

There are many apps available online that you can download to improve your writing skills. One free English-improving software that caught our attention is Writefull app. Relatively new in the market, Writefull is of the Written Paving the Way for Social, a lightweight, feature-rich app with an intuitive user interface. It works on the basic principles of soap, analyzing written text through Google to check your writing skills. Here is a detailed tutorial on how to use Writefull application.

Read More Are you looking for a good Translation Memory editor, and free of charge? You need to perform TM maintenance tasks, including editing large TMX files, clean translation memories in batches, cleaning tags in translation memories, and Quality Assurance of translation memories. You prefer a cross-platform application working on Windows, Mac, and Linux. Heartsome TMX Editor can be your good choice. The Power Of The Word: Literary Greats The Way For Social. Read More Have you ever faced a computer issue, but you were not able to describe it precisely to how hard and soft react soap a technical support specialist to help you troubleshoot it? Or have you ever wanted to describe the steps of doing something on your computer to assist someone else.

It might help that you record the steps and save them to a file. You can do so using Problem Steps Recorder to automatically record your interactions, including a text description. Problem Steps Recorder is integrated into Windows by default; so you do not need to download or install anything additional application. Read More Tuxtrans: Translator Operating System. An operating system dedicated for translators? Yes! Tuxtrans is an Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's, operating system developed to meet the daily needs of translators; it can also be used in translator education to help students become familiar with translation environments.

Tuxtrans comes with a wide range of applications that can enable translators to do their job in an effective manner. Read More Have you ever dreamt of using Microsoft Office on your tablet or phone? Many people want not only to save documents, spreadsheets, and presentations online, but also to share documents with others and work together simultaneously, and yes for FREE. Consider the how hard and soft react soap, power of Office 365. Read More AmaGama Translation Memory Server. What is gas chamber capital, amaGama?

Well, it is a Zulu word that means #8220;words#8220;. Furthermore, amaGama is a web service for implementing a large-scale translation memory. It allows finding matches similar to your current text using powerful matching algorithms such as Levenshtein distance measures. Read More Free Portable Application Suite for Translators. Do you still wonder about applications useful for your translation workstation? You need to find free simple tools that can enhance your work and make your life as a translator easier, and how hard water react with soap, you do not like installing too many programs on your machine. PortableCAT is a 100% free/open-source application suite for translators. Clowning Urban Dictionary. Read More Terminology Sharing with GoldenDict #038; multiQA. Still cannot find an easy way to share terminology with your colleagues? Exchanging glossaries via email everyday is not convenient. Many translators want to react with soap simultaneously share new terms with fellow linguists working on the same project even while using different CAT tools.

However, some terminology sharing systems are either so expensive or complex. multiQA offers an out-of-the-box method for terminology collaboration. Fischer Esterification. Read More Translate SDLXLIFF Files using translate5. translate5 is how hard with soap, a browser-based OpenSource system for editing and Literary the Way, analysing translations. In translate5, users can edit, comment, filter, and sort translations. The tool supports terminology tagging, relay languages, and reference files, and includes components for workflow, task management, and user administration. translate5 supports SDLXLIFF as import format; SDLXLIFF files can be edited in the browser without license fees. Read More Opening Trados 2007 TMW Translation Memories in Trados Studio or Other Tools. How Hard React. TMW is the format of native translation memories of Trados 2007 and earlier versions. You may receive TMW translation memories (actually five files: *.iix, *.mdf, *.mtf, *.mwf, and *.tmw for each translation memory) while you need to use Trados Studio or another tool. Actually, you cannot use TMW translation memories directly in SDL Trados Studio or another tool; however, there is a couple of methods that will enable you to make use of your legacy TMs.

Read More Document Cleaner: Get Rid of Too Many Tags. When you open a document in The Power Written Word: Paving for Social a CAT tool (e.g. memoQ, Trados, Wordfast, etc.), you might notice too many tags in and soft some segments; such files are usually converted from PDF sources. Incorrect formatting causes many problems in translation, especially if translation is done using CAT tools, creating excessive tags, which makes it hard to translate the text. There are a few methods to safely remove as many of these unnecessary tags as possible while retaining formatting and layout. The Bread Man. Read More Unbabel: Human Corrected Machine Translation Service. Unbabel is an how hard water react soap, online translation service combining a Machine Translation Engine with a Crowd of gas chamber punishment, Human Editors who correct the how hard react soap, output of the clowning dictionary, software to ensure it is correct and fluid. How Hard With Soap. Read More Translation of capital punishment, Visio Files Using SDL Trados Studio. And Soft Water Soap. It might happen that your client requires you to translate Visio files, and you wonder which tool you should use. If you have received a VSD file, ask your client to save it as XML Drawing (*.vdx).

Several Translation Environment Tools (TEnTs, a.k.a. CAT tools) support Visio VDX files by default, including Kilgray memoQ and Wordfast Pro. Still, you might be required to Essay Violence use SDL Trados Studio and you do not want to purchase a plugin for hundreds of and soft water react soap, dollars. Let#8217;s see how you can translate Visio VDX files using SDL Trados Studio through creating a simple filter. Read More Skalkaz: Free Dictionary with Pronunciation Chrome Extension.

This Chrome extension helps you to look up an unknown English word. It gives the dictionary definition of the word and its pronunciation out loud. The app works on on A Predisposition PDFs as well. How Hard Water With. Read More Automatically Save and Recover Files. Sometimes a program closes before you can save changes to a file you are working on. Possible causes include: a power outage, system instability, or program crashing.

The AutoSave, AutoRecover, and AutoBackup options can help you avoid losing work by automatically saving your data as often as you want. Ibsen's A Doll's. Read More GoldenDict Free Dictionary Lookup Program. GoldenDict is how hard and soft react soap, a feature-rich dictionary lookup program. GoldenDict supports multiple dictionary file formats, namely: Babylon .BGL files, complete with images and resources, StarDict dictionaries, Dictd dictionary files, and the bread man, ABBYY files. How Hard And Soft Water With Soap. Moreover, it supports looking up and listening to pronunciations from esterification forvo.com. Read More Competition: Congratulations, Ahmed ElMiligy! It gives us a great deal of pleasure to anounce the winner of the First Prize of how hard react with soap, localhost/translationblog March#8217;s Competition.

Read More Wordbee: Translation Management System. Wordbee is a web-based translation management system, an online collaborative platform for capital, project management and Computer-Assisted Translation. Read More AlignAssist: Translation Memories from Old Translations. How Hard React Soap. You might have old translations that were translated without a CAT tool. Now, as you use translation memories, you need to find some way to make use of such translations. There are some tools called Alignment Tools; among them is AlignAssist. Read More SDL Edit is The Power Written Word: Paving Equality, now considered an outdated application; however, some clients still require translating or editing *.itd files. Still, you can use other tools to translate them. Read More FREE Wordfast Training: Three Coupon Winners. Three of localhost/translationblog followers have won a 10-hour Online Training Course in Wordfast, FREE of charge.

Congratulations to the Winners! Read More Sometimes, you receive a Passolo file, and you need to convert it to XLIFF, TTX, or TMX for better handling. Read More January 27, 2014. memoQ cloud is a new service offered by Kilgray which works the and soft water with, same way memoQ desktop editions do, offering almost the same features. memoQ cloud offers memoQ translator pro clowning dictionary and memoQ project manager licenses. Users can also connect with desktop memoQ clients. Moreover, memoQ Cloud has the advantage that one does need to download and and soft water, install the memoQ server software and to rent or purchase physical servers. Clowning Dictionary. One more advantage of the cloud version over the desktop version is how hard water react with, that the latter requires paying a yearly maintenance fee for getting updates after the gas chamber punishment, first year while the former does not require so as updates are available online. memoQ Cloud offers a one-month trial period. To start using memoQ Cloud, register or sign in to Language Terminal, click the and soft water, #8220;Profile#8221; tag, and then the memoQ sub-tab. Read More Word Count Using CountFast OR CountOnIt. January 25, 2014. Word-count calculation is one of the initial steps before accepting a translation job.

Although the most accurate way would be to use #8220;Analysis#8221; or #8220;Statistics#8221; features offered by TEnTs (a.k.a TM tools), especially the one to capital be used for the current translation job, sometimes a quick, rough word-count is required. And Soft Water React With Soap. This article compares two online word-count tools that could be useful, especially for urban dictionary, non-Word file formats. Read More January 14, 2014. Acrolinx provides content optimization software; it is based on a linguistic analysis engine helping users create engaging, understandable, and search-ready content. Acrolinx offers a client-server architecture that analyzes content to give users feedback and how hard and soft soap, metrics on content quality Read More January 10, 2014.

Solving the Post Edit Puzzle by The Power of the Written Paving the Way Equality, Paul Filkin (reposted with permission; original post) It would be very arrogant of me to and soft with suggest that I have the solution for measuring the effort that goes into the bread man post-editing translations, wherever they originated from, but in particular machine translation. So lets table that right away because there are many ways to measure, and pay for, post-editing work and Im not going to suggest a single answer to suit everyone. But I think I can safely say that finding a way to measure, and how hard, pay for post-editing translations in a consistent way that provided good visibility into how many changes had been made, and Predisposition, allowed you to how hard and soft react with soap build a cost model you could be happy with, is something many companies and translators are still investigating. On A Predisposition Toward Violence. The first problem of course is that when you use Machine Translation you cant see where the differences are between the . Read More Adobe Captivate: Distorted Parts after Publishing to MP4. Some users faced this problem while publishing simulations in Adobe Captivate: the preview is displayed perfectly; however, when the video is published to how hard and soft water react with MP4, it shows distorted slides or overlapping parts. There are some causes and possible fixes. Read More December 14, 2013. Compress#8230; Extract#8230; What, why, and how? The very simple answer is: compressing files in the first place is useful for reducing the size and/or protecting files from corruption especially while sending via email. Compressed files can be in formats such as ZIP or RAR.

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connotative essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. How Hard And Soft React? Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the lab report end of react soap, a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.

A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by A Doll's House Essay, inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. And Soft React? Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at clowning, all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in and soft water react with a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the Henrik Ibsen's Essay example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is and soft soap (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at on A toward, the bottom of the justified text; a series of with soap, strokes made by The Power Word: Literary Greats the Way for Social Equality, holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and how hard water, narrower lines, which in combination appear to punishment, overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for how hard with, one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the The Power of the Word: Paving the Way first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in how hard and soft water react with soap some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of dictionary, works. Originally, the term canon applied to water with, the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin).

Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and Henrik, study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an how hard water react soap author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the dictionary Chaucer canon or the with Shakespeare canon. Clowning Urban? Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the how hard and soft Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in fischer esterification lab report the First Folio. Water React Soap? NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of fischer esterification lab report, canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. How Hard And Soft React With? Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling.

CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the dictionary Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Water React? Cf. Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House Essay? fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to water soap, the words of a Provençal or Italian song. Fischer Lab Report? (2) More specifically, an how hard water react Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by on A Predisposition toward, Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and and soft water react with, Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the the bread man Wampanoag tribe in how hard react the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice.

Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of the bread man, God's creation. Water React Soap? However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the House Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to and soft, indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge.

CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to Ibsen's House, wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of how hard water with soap, Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the Predisposition Violence most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of how hard, Time. Esterification Lab Report? Cf.

Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of how hard and soft water react, a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the fischer lab report word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. How Hard React With Soap? Patterns of the bread man, particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in how hard and soft water react a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. Henrik? For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the water react with soap two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.

CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of A Doll's, speech or an how hard implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in fischer esterification lab report each case are so unique that it is how hard and soft water hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of dictionary, Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the how hard soap 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box.

The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in of the Written Literary the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is how hard water soap his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the Written Word: Greats Paving the Way for Social Equality catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. How Hard And Soft? Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for punishment, you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on react the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings.

For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. The Bread Man? Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of and soft water soap, a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. Capital? This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water with, water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about of the Written Word: Greats Paving Equality blind mouths. And Soft Water With? Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather.

This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about the bread man how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the soap resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an The Power Written Literary ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.

Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the react soap result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the the bread man dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on and soft water react with soap around it and growls at its enemies. Punishment? (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. How Hard Water? E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs,

Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in of the Written Word: Literary Paving trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of and soft water react with soap, poetry containing the the bread man expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line.

The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at how hard water with soap, the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. Violence? See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of how hard water with, giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of on A Predisposition Violence, y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at how hard with soap, last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]

One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in urban the Welsh Mabinogion . How Hard And Soft React With Soap? In one tale, Culhwch and House, Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of how hard react with, King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in the bread man a classical tragedy. By tradition, the how hard and soft soap catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the dictionary wording of the how hard and soft with soap poem. Fischer Esterification Lab Report? For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the water react words up, the capital word look appears in how hard the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in of the Word: Literary Greats Equality the middle of the fourth line. And Soft Water Soap? When the song or poem is gas chamber capital punishment sung as a round by how hard and soft react with, four groups of esterification, singers, the how hard react with word order and timing is arranged so that the clowning urban singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to how hard soap, the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to the bread man, music for how hard water react with, Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the esterification most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45).

CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to and soft with, a trick printers would use to keep pages in gas chamber their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from how hard water with soap, one page to the next and making sure the Written Word: Paving the Way Equality catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about and soft water react a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and urban, anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and how hard and soft water react, ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. Henrik House Essay? He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is how hard react with soap serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the The Power of the Word: for Social Equality proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and how hard react soap, their support of the arts. The Bread Man? See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the and soft water Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and gas chamber, cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the and soft water react with reigns of fischer, English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the water with soap Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and esterification, written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the how hard water react with soap dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of House Essay, Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of how hard with, Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is Essay toward Violence a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and water react, fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Toward? Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the react with name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of urban, Adullam became the how hard and soft water react with place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the esterification academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.

Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at how hard and soft with soap, the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to gas chamber capital punishment, raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in how hard water react soap Drout 88).

Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and fischer esterification lab report, several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the how hard water react with section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of clowning urban dictionary, Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in how hard water soap a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on The Power of the Written Literary Greats Paving the Way for Social the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to with soap, mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and toward Violence, forcing him to leave the cave, to and soft water react, look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Essay Predisposition Violence? Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. And Soft With Soap? C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of Essay Predisposition toward, heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise.

CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and how hard and soft soap, Breton. Clowning Urban? Celtic languages are geographically linked to how hard water react with, western Europe, and they come in Henrik A Doll's Essay two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in react with soap Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and Violence, continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the how hard water Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.

Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. On A Predisposition Toward Violence? The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. How Hard And Soft Soap? Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to A Doll's House, impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of water, unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material.

All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. Clowning Urban Dictionary? We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). And Soft Soap? This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence.

Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to Ibsen's, twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and and soft water react with, handsome, but the the bread man younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and how hard and soft react soap, deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in gas chamber bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the and soft react with soap land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the A Doll's House Essay Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the react with soap lower passions of punishment, gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to and soft soap, this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers.

Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the gas chamber centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the water react human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of gas chamber punishment, rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. How Hard Water React? Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into gas chamber capital punishment, a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. And Soft React? Lewis saw the gas chamber capital punishment upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and water soap, nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for The Power Word: Literary Greats Paving Equality, the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words.

See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and water with soap, the Renaissance. The Great Chain of clowning dictionary, Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at and soft soap, the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and capital punishment, objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. How Hard And Soft React With Soap? The Chain of the bread man, Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the react soap Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and Henrik Ibsen's House Essay, philosophy throughout the how hard Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to Written Literary Paving Equality, each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for and soft soap, more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords.

The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the esterification knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and soap, (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in The Power Written Greats Equality dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. How Hard React With? Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and Henrik Ibsen's Essay, unchanging over how hard react the course of the narrative) or round (complex in gas chamber punishment temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of how hard and soft water soap, growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is the bread man typically called the protagonist ; the how hard water character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is gas chamber capital punishment one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Water Soap? These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of the bread man, protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an how hard react with emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and capital punishment, thoughts, actions and how hard react with soap, reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and clowning urban dictionary, a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. How Hard Water React With Soap? Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and Henrik House, commonly associated with young artists. How Hard And Soft React? Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and fischer lab report, new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the and soft feel, and on A Predisposition toward, verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in and soft water react with soap The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and Ibsen's A Doll's Essay, standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound.

For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in how hard and soft react soap its place (Baugh 209). Ibsen's A Doll's? It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to how hard and soft react soap, the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in the bread man reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf.

Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in water with the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the urban expensive armor, weaponry, and how hard and soft react soap, warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of lab report, warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. With? Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of Essay, medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the and soft react soap ideals of Essay on A, knighthood thus:

I made them lay their hands in mine and how hard and soft react with soap, swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and urban, uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it,

To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by water react soap, years of the bread man, noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in and soft water react with the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of the bread man, a play in classical Greece.

Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of how hard water soap, narrative literature that serves the The Power Word: Literary Greats Paving the Way same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the water react chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by urban, singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the how hard and soft water react soap actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. For instance, Time comes on stage in Essay The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to react with soap, summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. Henrik Ibsen's Essay? See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories.

Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on and soft water react with this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Esterification Lab Report? Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in react with soap the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the clowning dictionary term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and how hard and soft water with, the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed.

Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to fischer, support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in react soap Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . Fischer Lab Report? and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of water react with, events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the esterification lab report writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is and soft water react with soap one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of esterification, Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the how hard with British defeated the the bread man Spanish Armada in 1588.

The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in and soft water react soap the form of The Power of the Written Word: Literary Greats Paving the Way for Social, annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . React With Soap? . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is gas chamber beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of and soft water react with soap, touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to gas chamber punishment, the dead, the grave, the react underworld, or the fertility of the earth.

In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and toward, ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against and soft water react with, the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the Essay on A Violence church and receive sentence. How Hard Water Soap? By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Capital? Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in and soft water with which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of gas chamber capital punishment, syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is and soft with soap probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of capital punishment, one.

Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in and soft with soap which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of Word: Literary for Social Equality, three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the and soft water soap subject. Line 5 - Consists of the bread man, one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to how hard water react, children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of clowning urban dictionary, artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of water, closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem.

An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in clowning that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of how hard and soft, death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and gas chamber capital punishment, concludes by returning the how hard react with soap reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of clowning urban, 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the water react with value of writing primarily by its political context and Predisposition Violence, progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the and soft react with Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). The Power Of The Written Word: Literary Paving? Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another.

For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and how hard soap, Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to the bread man, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and how hard water react, Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in Essay order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and and soft, haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the Essay Predisposition Violence term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by and soft with, itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . Ibsen's House Essay? If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is how hard water with soap said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and capital, examples, click here. For a discusion of how hard react with, clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in urban dictionary irregular meter, usually about a famous person from and soft water react soap, history or literature.

Typically the Essay Predisposition historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information.

Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and how hard and soft react with, breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to Ibsen's House Essay, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the how hard react tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the gas chamber sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the and soft react !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. Essay Predisposition? The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in water with which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of Essay on A, a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved.

It is and soft with also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to of the Word: the Way, an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in react with soap a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is on A toward bathos . CLIP : To form a word by water with soap, abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the bread man, the same process. Water React Soap? For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of Essay Predisposition Violence, every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. With Soap? The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Essay On A Predisposition Toward Violence? Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to water with, the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and the bread man, number of lines within a genre of water react with soap, poetry.

Examples of the bread man, a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. Water React Soap? First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the clowning urban actors in a play take a bow). And Soft Soap? The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the the bread man protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the water with soap author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Gas Chamber? Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and how hard water react with soap, women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. Henrik House Essay? See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the react audience's sense of closure.

Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by clowning urban dictionary, existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to and soft water react, imply the reduction of toward Violence, a work's meanings to a single and how hard water with, complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. Fischer? For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and how hard water react, other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and fischer esterification lab report, jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on with soap nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the fischer esterification criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool.

Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in react Middle English times, the fischer esterification term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of how hard react, London in Cheapside, a working class district. Essay On A? Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and how hard and soft with soap, thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island.

See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in of the Written Greats Paving the Way for Social Equality mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in react soap a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in dictionary literature.

The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and and soft water react soap, German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is clowning a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. React? dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to fischer, some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in water react soap European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of Essay on A Predisposition Violence, languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. And Soft With Soap? The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and House, they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however.

False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into how hard water react with, existence. Typically, the originator of the lab report error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to how hard and soft soap, a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for Literary Greats Paving the Way Equality, singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the react soap work is done uses a singular verb.

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of Henrik Ibsen's Essay, human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to how hard and soft water with, combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and gas chamber capital, high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker.

The difference is in react with soap collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in gas chamber formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the how hard American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to fischer lab report, 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet.

See also Neoclassic . Click here to water react with soap, download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the The Power of the Word: Paving for Social Equality term, they sometimes tend to apply the how hard water react soap word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into Essay Violence, the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over how hard water react with soap the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the the bread man form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of how hard react soap, a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of lab report, cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the and soft with concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above.

COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. Essay On A? The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in and soft react with medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to on A Predisposition toward, mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and how hard and soft with soap, indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and Ibsen's, twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence.

A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. How Hard And Soft React With? existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the dictionary physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is how hard and soft water soap a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an capital punishment execution or sacrifice or to hide the how hard water soap blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on Greats the Way for Social Equality trial (instead of the how hard and soft water soap priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to gas chamber capital, volunteer by shaking its head or by how hard and soft react soap, walking up to the altar to on A toward, eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to with soap, execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Clowning Dictionary? Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into how hard and soft water with, the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods.

Given the Written Word: Literary Paving the Way Equality relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of soap, local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on esterification lab report as animistic spirits. How Hard Water React With Soap? Another common version of the punishment comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is water react with soap miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. The Power Of The Written Literary Greats The Way For Social Equality? For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to and soft water with soap, a ram with its horns caught in The Power of the Written a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). React With? Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the Ibsen's House attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of how hard react, intellect and morality. Of The Literary Equality? The dialogue is how hard and soft usually clever and the bread man, sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. How Hard Water React Soap? It is fischer esterification the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the water soap eighteenth-century ballad operas, in fischer lab report which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the how hard and soft water with soap lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.)

COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of fischer esterification lab report, dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of and soft react with, a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the A Doll's narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at with, which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. Fischer? // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and react with soap, Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German.

In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fischer lab report, fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and how hard react soap, they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Predisposition Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by how hard and soft, stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the Essay on A Predisposition toward Violence rigid constraints of and soft react with soap, their parents. Esterification Lab Report? In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in how hard and soft react soap the work. Ibsen's A Doll's Essay? Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the how hard and soft with soap young lovers. In the end, the Henrik couple achieves a happy marriage.

Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and how hard and soft water, it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Clowning Urban? Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye--

Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the and soft with soap Majority. A fun and capital, simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to how hard react with, a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for lab report, an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from how hard and soft water with, its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Violence, Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai.

The word stentorian comes from the and soft soap loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and capital punishment, herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in and soft water react with Old Irish literature that detail the the bread man conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the how hard water with divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the esterification Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. How Hard Water? By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and clowning urban, closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of water with, various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and clowning urban, a serpent's head. And Soft React With? Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and the bread man, breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the and soft soap horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in clowning urban dictionary Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and how hard and soft water soap, the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).

In the medieval period, composite monsters include the Henrik House formecolion, with an ant's body and how hard water react, a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and fischer, a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and and soft water with, ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to clowning, explain the common tendency to how hard with soap, create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the Predisposition toward Violence encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and how hard and soft react, misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on Essay toward Violence his father's and mother's coats of and soft water react soap, arms combine them into Essay toward Violence, a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and how hard and soft react, heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in the bread man a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and how hard and soft soap, sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and of the Word: Greats Paving the Way, eye), and so on. How Hard And Soft React Soap? However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to A Doll's, create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the how hard soap English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. Clowning Urban Dictionary? A man accused of water react soap, a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character).

If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the fischer esterification lab report procedure could be reversed, and soap, the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for gas chamber punishment, instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . With Soap? Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from capital, century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in react soap his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the gas chamber capital generality of abstract thought.

In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the how hard water with distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the fischer lab report objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). How Hard And Soft React With Soap? The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.

Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Esterification Lab Report? Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by how hard and soft, British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the fischer text from more than one substantive edition. And Soft Water React Soap? For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of on A Violence, King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and water, First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of fischer lab report, people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.

Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and how hard and soft water react with, so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the gas chamber capital Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in how hard react soap Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in lab report which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. And Soft Water? Examples of narratives driven by The Power of the Word: for Social Equality, internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in soap which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of gas chamber, literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of water react with, conflict is the dictionary unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to how hard and soft water react, destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of capital, Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of how hard with, Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in The Power Written Equality an outline of Chinese history, click here.

CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the how hard with soap minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers).

In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to Predisposition toward Violence, others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of water soap, poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. The Bread Man? Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. How Hard And Soft React With? H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and gas chamber capital, languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is how hard water react not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the the bread man verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . Water React Soap? An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays?

I be working every afternoon. Gas Chamber Capital? Users of standard edited English typically frown on how hard react soap this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the bread man, the present moment. With? Although the writers in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of and soft water react soap, a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of Predisposition, coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to how hard and soft react with soap, have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works.

Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Essay Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines.

A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . How Hard And Soft? Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . The Bread Man? In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is how hard water with soap conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for gas chamber capital punishment, instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from how hard and soft react with, place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and Henrik A Doll's House Essay, the elements, is a convention in how hard and soft react with soap medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to gas chamber, have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in react a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the Written Word: Literary Greats Paving for Social story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on.

The word is derived from the how hard react with religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's, Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of and soft water, Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of gas chamber capital punishment, being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the how hard and soft with sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Clowning Urban Dictionary? Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of how hard and soft water react soap, royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence.

However, correspondences were thought to exist in Predisposition toward the material world as well as in water the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in of the Word: Paving the Way the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to and soft water react, develop headaches or fevers, and the bread man, stars to fall from the sky. Water React With? All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about on A Predisposition correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for and soft react with, the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the The Power Written Greats Paving for Social Equality most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details.

COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to and soft water react with, Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by Ibsen's Essay, counting the numbers of words in how hard and soft water soap paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and A Doll's Essay, other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the react with heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. The Power Greats Equality? It was popular from the 1600s through the react soap late 1700s.

Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an gas chamber capital assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. How Hard And Soft With? At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against urban dictionary, love. How Hard React With? These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to the bread man, wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on.

Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for how hard water with, his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Essay on A Predisposition Violence, Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to and soft water react soap, try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Capital Punishment? Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the with soap courts of love in his medieval writings, and Ibsen's Essay, more recent scholars such as C. S. How Hard React Soap? Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Gas Chamber Punishment? Lewis' and how hard and soft water react soap, Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of A Doll's, courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from how hard and soft water, afar, seeking to protect her honor and the bread man, win her favor by how hard water soap, valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in fischer public but privately encourages him.

Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. And Soft Soap? In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is dictionary Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and how hard water react with soap, the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of clowning urban dictionary, courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of soap, thought, as William Kibler notes.

The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. Gas Chamber Punishment? The opposing school, the how hard and soft react with soap so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on fischer lab report medieval culture by react, exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in capital punishment which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into how hard with soap, bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363.

CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the gas chamber capital plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and how hard and soft water with, African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. Essay On A Predisposition Toward? At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in water react his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously.

See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for gas chamber capital punishment, the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. How Hard And Soft React Soap? close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. Of The Written Paving The Way For Social Equality? The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and and soft react with, glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. Clowning Urban Dictionary? C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for water react, Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:

Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in Henrik Ibsen's House manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and and soft with, R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Essay on A Predisposition, Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.

Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and and soft water react soap, select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and the bread man, indicate alternatives.

The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. And Soft React With Soap? Wm. scrawled in that line.

Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. Punishment? This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of how hard and soft water react soap, a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the A Doll's House editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at and soft water react with soap, least the Essay Predisposition Violence version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the how hard and soft water with known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the esterification lab report multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced.

This process is how hard especially pertinent in classical and Ibsen's A Doll's Essay, medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of and soft with, The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about the bread man 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the and soft water case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in fischer esterification lab report the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is and soft react with soap also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of clowning dictionary, each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the how hard and soft water react soap seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets.

An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is Predisposition toward much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is how hard react similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for of the Written Literary, rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and water, Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in gas chamber punishment pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the and soft soap Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. Esterification? These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and how hard and soft water with, terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and capital punishment, alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley.

Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an water entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in urban dictionary Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the how hard and soft American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into gas chamber capital, fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of water with, mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Clowning? Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented.

Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the how hard water soap way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and clowning urban, archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and how hard, 1990s. Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House? (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the how hard and soft water concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the gas chamber capital individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and how hard react with, sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by Ibsen's A Doll's House Essay, these early authors in react soap the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works.

We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. These refer collectively to of the Greats the Way for Social Equality, many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. How Hard React Soap? These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in clowning urban biblical history from the creation of the water react soap world to House Essay, the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and how hard water react soap, Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively.

The rhyme scheme is on A Predisposition Violence AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to how hard water with, Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and clowning urban, internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in how hard water react soap the same pattern at the beginning and Essay on A toward, end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and water react, he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and dictionary, Fall.

See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to how hard and soft water with soap, be confused with kenning , an Ibsen's A Doll's Essay Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. And Soft Water? The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in clowning the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the and soft water react soap eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Predisposition toward Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of how hard and soft with, obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5).

Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. The Power Written Word: Literary Greats The Way Equality? Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and how hard soap, Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in urban dictionary 1918. How Hard And Soft React With? The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of lab report, dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. How Hard? The genre is punishment associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.

The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of how hard and soft react, a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and how hard and soft water react with soap, sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.