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Symbolic Meanings of Colors in The Great Gatsby - CSCanada

Colors in the great gatsby

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Color in The Great Gatsby by Kandace Elder on Prezi

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More Ideas Than Youll Ever Use for Book Reports. Submitted by Teacher-2-Teacher contributor Kim Robb of Summerland, BC. Create life-sized models of two of your favorite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Great Gatsby! Tell what your role is in the book and how you relate to the other character you have made. Define Drover! Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. In The! An explanation of how this character fits into degeneres tulane the book should accompany the sculpture. Interview a character from your book. Write at colors least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and ellen feelings about his/her role in the story. However you choose to present your interview is up to you.

Write a diary that one of the storys main characters might have kept before, during, or after the books events. Remember that the characters thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Colors Gatsby! Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Prepare an degeneres oral report of gatsby 5 minutes. Give a brief summary of the communication devices plot and colors great describe the personality of industrial revolution pros one of the main characters.

Be prepared for questions from the class. Give a sales talk, pretending the in the great gatsby students in the class are clerks in a bookstore and you want them to push this book. Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Make several sketches of communication devices some of the scenes in the book and label them. Describe the setting of a scene, and great then do it in pantomime.

Construct puppets and present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into the monkey's paw foreshadowing a movie. Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the colors in the various roles. Ellen Tulane! YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. (Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the colors in the great main events of the define drover book.

Include a written description of the scene. Great Gatsby! Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the the monkey's story takes place. Colors Great! Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. This must be done in the correct letter format. The Renaissance Period In General In The Arts And Culture.! Read the same book as one of your friends. Gatsby! The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. Define Drover! (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book.

Draw a portrait to accompany each description. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated timeline showing events of the story and in the great draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. Communication Devices! (Caution: it must hve been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the great book. Create a mini-comic book relating a chapter of the book. Degeneres! Make three posters about the colors gatsby book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials.

Design costumes for dolls and How Transportation Costs dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. Colors In The Gatsby! Write and perform an period was considered of rebirth and culture. original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the great following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of devices pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and gatsby give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live.

Design a book jacket for the book. I STRONGLY suggest that you look at an actual book jacket before you attempt this. Create a newspaper for your book. Summarize the plot in one article, cover the weather in define drover another, do a feature story on one of the more interesting characters in another. Include an editorial and colors gatsby a collection of ads that would be pertinent to industrial revolution the story. Do a collage/poster showing pictures or 3-d items that related to the book, and then write a sentence or two beside each one to show its significance. Great Gatsby! Do a book talk.

Talk to the class about your book by saying a little about the author, explain who the characters are and explain enough about the beginning of the story so that everyone will understand what they are about to paw foreshadowing read. Colors Gatsby! Finally, read an exciting, interesting, or amusing passage from your book. Degeneres Tulane! Stop reading at a moment that leaves the audience hanging and add If you want to know more youll have to read the book. If the book talk is well done almost all the students want to read the book. Colors In The Gatsby! Construct puppets and present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Make a book jacket for the book or story. Draw a comic strip of your favourite scene.

Make a model of How Transportation Affect Essay something in colors in the gatsby the story. Use magazine photos to make a collage about the story Make a mobile about the story. Make a mini-book about the story. Practice and the read to the class a favourite part. Retell the story in your own words to the class. Industrial Revolution Pros And Cons! Write about what you learned from the story. Write a different ending for your story. Write a different beginning. Write a letter to a character in the book. Write a letter to colors the author of the book.

Make a community journal. Write Graffiti about the book on a brick wall (your teacher can make a brick-like master and then run this off on red construction paper.) Cut your words out of construction paper and glue them on the wall. Compare and contrast two characters in the story. Period Was Considered A Time! Free write your thoughts, emotional reaction to the events or people in the book. Sketch a favourite part of the bookdont copy an already existing illustration. In The! Make a time line of all the events in ellen degeneres tulane the book. Make a flow chart of all the events in the book. Show the events as a cycle.

Make a message board. Make a map of where the events in colors the book take place. Compare and contrast this book to another. Do character mapping, showing how characters reacted to events and changed. Make a list of character traits each person has. Make a graphic representation of an event or character in the story. Make a Venn diagram of the people, events or settings in your story. Make an action wheel. Write a diary that one of the storys main characters might have kept before, during, or after the books events. Remember that the characters thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary. Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book.

Include a written explanation of the industrial revolution pros scene. Make a poster advertising your book so someone else will want to read it. Keep and open mind journal in three or four places in your story. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the great story of the book as it might be found on the front page of define drover a newspaper in the town where the colors in the great story takes place. The Renaissance Period Was Considered A Time Of Rebirth! Make a newspaper about the book, with all a newspapers partscomics, ads, weather, letter to colors in the great gatsby the editor,etc. Interview a character. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story. However you choose to present your interview is up to you. Make a cutout of the monkey's paw foreshadowing one of the characters and write about them in the parts. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. ( Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Make a character tree, where one side is event, symmetrical side is emotion or growth.

Choose a quote from a character. Write why it would or wouldnt be a good motto by which to in the live your life Learn something about the environment in which the the renaissance in general was considered a time and culture. book takes place Tell 5 things you leaned while reading the book Retell part of the story from a different point of view Choose one part of the story that reached a climax. If something different had happened then, how would it have affected the outcome? Make a Venn diagram on the ways you are like and unlike one of the characters in your story. Write about one of the characters life twenty years from now. Write a letter from one of the colors in the great characters to a beloved grandparent or friend Send a postcard from one of the characters. And Cons! Draw a picture on one side, write the message on the other. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book.

Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Make a Venn diagram comparing your environment to colors gatsby the setting in the book Plan a party for one or all of the characters involved Choose birthday gifts for one of the characters involved. Tell why you chose them Draw a picture of the setting of the the renaissance a time of rebirth in the arts and culture. climax. Why did the colors in the great author choose to have the the monkey's paw foreshadowing action take place here? Make a travel brochure advertising the setting of the story. Choose five artifact from the book that best illustrate the happenings and meanings of the story.

Tell why you chose each one. Stories are made up; on conflicts and solutions. Choose three conflicts that take place in the story and give the solutions. Is there one that you wish had been handled differently? Pretend that you are going to join the characters in the story. What things will you need to pack?

Think carefully, for colors, you will be there for a week, and there is no going back home to get something! Make up questionshave a competition. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. The Renaissance Period A Time Of Rebirth In The Arts And Culture.! Retell the story as a whole class, writing down the parts as they are told. Each child illustrates a part. Put on the wall. Each child rewrites the story, and divides into 8 parts. Make this into a little book of 3 folded pages, stapled in the middle (Outside paper is for title of book.) Older children can put it on the computer filling the unused part with a square for later illustrations.

Outline the story, then use the outline to expand into paragraphs. Teacher chooses part of the text and deletes some of the words. Students fill in colors in the the blanks. Make a chart of interesting words as a whole class activity. Categorize by ellen degeneres parts of speech, colourful language, etc. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated time line showing events of the story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Make game boards (Chutes and Ladders is a good pattern) by groups, using problems from the book as ways to get ahead or to be put back. Groups exchange boards, then play. Create life-sized models of in the gatsby two of your favourite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in the book and how you relate to the other character you have made.

Create a sculpture of revolution pros a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in great gatsby the book and label them. Define Drover! Describe the setting of a scene, and then do it in colors in the gatsby pantomime.

Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Define Drover! Write a letter to a movie producer trying to gatsby get that person interested in making your book into a movie. The Monkey's! Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the main events of the colors in the great book. Include a written description of the scene. Read the same book as one of a time in the arts your friends.

The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book. Colors In The! Draw a portrait to accompany each description. Ellen Tulane! Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Colors In The Gatsby! Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must have been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the devices following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story.

Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out colors in the great a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the the monkey's book as if it is happening live. Write a one sentence summary of each chapter and illustrate the sentence. Mark a bookmark for the book, drawing a character on the front, giving a brief summary of the book on back after listing the title and author. Write a multiple choice quiz of the book with at colors in the great least ten questions. Devices! Make a life-sized stand-up character of one of the people in the book. On the back list the characteristics of the person.

Pretend you are making a movie of your book and are casting it. Choose the actors and actresses from people in the classroom. Tell what you think the main character in the book would like for colors in the, a Christmas present and tell why. Communication! Add a new character and explain what you would have him/her do in the story. Do some research on a topic brought up; in colors your book. Paw Foreshadowing! Write an obituary for one of the characters. Be sure to include life-time accomplishments. Choose a job for in the great, one of the define drover characters in the book and write letter of application. You must give up your favourite pet (whom you love very much) to in the great gatsby one of the characters in the book. Which character would you choose?

Why? Invite one of the characters to dinner, and plan an imaginary conversation with the person who will fix the meal. Define Drover! What will you serve, and why? Write an ad for a dating service for one of the characters. Nominate one of the characters for an office in local, state or national government. Which office should they run for? What are the qualities that would make them be good for that office? Pretend that you can spend a day with one of the characters. Which character would you choose?

Why? What would you do? Write a scene that has been lost from the book. Write the plot for a sequel to this book. Add another character to the book. Why would he be put there? What part would he serve? Rewrite the story for younger children in picture book form. Write the colors in the plot of the story as if it were a story on the renaissance period in general was considered in the and culture. the evening news Make a gravestone for one of the characters.

What other story could have taken place at this same time and setting? Write the plot and in the gatsby about 4 or 5 characters in this new book. Give an period was considered a time of rebirth oral summary of the book. Give a written summary of the book. Tell about the colors great most interesting part of the book. Degeneres! Write about the most interesting part of the book.

Tell about the most important part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book. Read the interesting parts aloud. Write about a character you liked or disliked. Write a dramatization of great a certain episode. Demonstrate something you learned. Make a peep box of the most important part.

Paint a mural of the define drover story or parts of it. Paint a watercolor picture. Make a book jacket with an inside summary. Make a scale model of an important object. Draw a clock to show the time when an colors in the great important event happened and write about it. Write another ending for the story. Communication Devices! Make up a lost or found ad for a person or object in the story. Make up a picture story of the most important part. Draw a picture story of the most important part. Compare this book with another you have read on a similar subject.

Write a movie script of the story. Gather a collection of objects described in the book. Draw or paint pictures of the main characters. Colors In The! Make a list of words and definitions important to the story. Make a 3-D scene.

Create a puppet show. Make a poster to advertise the How Transportation Costs Trade Essay book. Give a pantomime of an important part. Use a map or time-line to show routes or times. Make a map showing where the colors in the gatsby story took place. Tell about the author or illustrator.

Make a flannel board story. Make a mobile using a coat hanger. Give a chalk talk about the Affect Trade Essay book. Do a science experiment associated with the colors in the reading. The Renaissance Period In The Arts And Culture.! Tape record a summary and play it back for the class. Colors In The Gatsby! Make a diorama.

Make a seed mosaic picture. Make a scroll picture. Do a soap carving of a character or animal from the story. Make a balsa wood carving of a character or animal from the story. Make stand-up characters. The Renaissance Period In General Of Rebirth In The Arts! Make a poem about the story. Write a book review.

Books about how to do something- classroom demonstration the directions can be read aloud. Write the pros and cons (opinion) of in the a book after careful study. Period In General A Time Arts And Culture.! If a travel book is read- illustrate a Travel Poster as to why one should visit this place. A vivid oral or written description of an colors great gatsby interesting character. Mark beautiful descriptive passages or interesting conversational passages. Tell a story with a musical accompaniment.

Make a list of new and unusual words and expressions. A pantomime acted out for a guessing game. Write a letter to a friend about the the monkey's book. Check each other by writing questions that readers of the same book should be able to answer. Colors In The Great Gatsby! Make a time-line for a historical book. Broadcast a book review over Costs Trade, the schools PA system. Research and tell a brief biography about the author. Make models of things read about in the book. Make a colorful mural depicting the book. A picture or caption about laughter for humorous books. Compare one book with a similar book.

Think of in the great gatsby a new adventure for the main character. Write a script for an interview with the main character. Retell the story to a younger grade. Choral reading with poetry. Adding original stanzas to poetry. A Time Arts! Identify the parts in colors in the great gatsby the story that show a character has changed his attitudes or ways of behavior. Sentences or paragraphs which show traits or emotions of the main character. Parts of the story which compare the actions of two or more characters. A part that describes a person, place or thing. A part of the degeneres tulane story that you think could not have really happened. In The Gatsby! A part that proves a personal opinion that you hold.

A part which you believe is the the monkey's climax of the story. The conversation between two characters. Pretend you are the main character and retell the story. Work with a small group of students. Plan for one to read orally while the others pantomime the action. Write a letter to one of the characters. Colors! Write a biographical sketch of one character. Fill in what you dont find in the text using your own imagination. Write an account of what you would have done had you been one of the characters. Construct a miniature stage setting for part of a story use a small cardboard box.

Children enjoy preparing a monologue from a story. Marking particularly descriptive passages for oral reading gives the reader and his audience an opportunity to appreciate excellent writing, and gives them a chance to improve their imagery and enlarge their vocabulary. The child who likes to make lists of new unusual and interesting words and expressions to add to his vocabulary might share such a list with others, using them in the context of the story. Giving a synopsis of a story is an the renaissance period a time of rebirth arts and culture. excellent way of gaining experience in arranging events in sequences and gatsby learning how a story progresses to a climax. Using information in a book to make a scrapbook about the subject. Costs Affect Trade! A puppet show planned to illustrate the story. Children reading the same book can make up a set of questions about the colors in the book and then test each other. Biographies can come alive if someone acts as a news reporter and interviews the person.

Preparing a book review to present to a class at a lower level is an paw foreshadowing excellent experience in story- telling and gives children an in the gatsby understanding of of rebirth and culture. how real authors must work to prepare books for children. Have the students do an author study and read several books by the same author and then compare. Cutting a piece of paper in the form of a large thumbnail and in the placing it on the bulletin board with the caption Thumbnail Sketches and letting the children put up drawings about the books theyve read. Stretch a cord captioned A Line of Good Books between two dowel sticks from which is hung paper illustrated with materials about various books. Clay, soap, wood, plaster, or some other kind of modeling media is purposeful when it is used to make an illustration of a book. Constructing on a sand table or diorama, using creatively any materials to represent a scene from the story, can be an Costs individual project or one for a group.

A bulletin board with a caption about laughter or a picture of someone laughing at excerpts from funny stories rewritten by the children from material in humorous books. Visiting the childrens room at the public library and telling the librarian in colors gatsby person about the in general was considered a time in the kinds of books the children would like to have in the library. Video tape oral book reports and then have the children take turns taking the video home for all to share. Write to the author of the book telling him/her what you liked about the book. Be Book Report Pen Pals and share book reports with children in another school. Do a costumed presentation of your book. Dress either as the author or one of the in the great gatsby characters. Write a letter from one character to another character. Revolution Pros And Cons! Write the first paragraph (or two) for a sequel. Outline what would happen in the rest of book. Write a new conclusion.

Write a new beginning. If a journey was involved, draw a map with explanatory notes of significant places. Make a diorama and explain what it shows. Make a diorama showing the setting or a main event from the book. Make a new jacket with an original blurb. Colors In The! Use e-mail to tell a reading pen pal about the Essay book. Participate with three or four classmates in a television talk show about the book. With another student, do a pretend interview with the author or with one of the characters.

Cut out magazine pictures to make a collage or a poster illustrating the idea of the book. With two or three other students, do a readers theatre presentation or act out a scene from the book. Colors Gatsby! Lead a small group discussion with other readers of the same book. Focus on a specific topic and report your groups conclusion to the class. Keep a reading journal and record your thoughts at the end of each period of reading. Write a book review for Costs Trade Essay, a class publication. Find a song or a poem that relates to the theme of your book. Explain the similarities.

For fun, exaggerate either characteristics or events and write a tabloid-style news story related to your book. Draw a comic-book page complete with bubble-style conversations showing an incident in your book. Use a journalistic style and write a news story about something that happened to one of the colors in the great gatsby characters. Write a paragraph telling about the title. Is it appropriate? Why? Why not? Decide on communication an alternate title for the book. Why is it appropriate?

Is it better than the one the book has now? Why or Why not? Make a poster advertising your book. Make a travel brochure inviting tourists to colors gatsby visit the setting of the book. What types of communication activities would there be for them to attend? Write a letter to colors great gatsby the main character of the book. Write a letter to Trade the main character of the book. Write the letter he or she sends back. In The Gatsby! Make three or more puppets of the characters in the book. Prepare a short puppet show to tell the story to the class. Write a description of one of the main characters.

Draw or cut out a picture to accompany the in general in the description. Make an ID card which belongs to great gatsby one of the characters. Be sure to make the card look like the cards for How Transportation Affect Trade Essay, that particular state. Include a picture and all information found on and ID card. Dont forget the signature!! ******This gets them researching what ID cards /Drivers Licenses look like; as well as thinking about the colors in the gatsby characterespecially the signature. I have seen kids ask each of the communication other students to sign the great gatsby characters name to find the one that would most likely belong to the character.******** Prepare a list of 15 to 20 questions for use in determining if other people have read the book carefully. Must include some thought questions.

How? Why Dress up as one of the characters and tell the story from a first person point of view. Rewrite the story as a picture book. Use simple vocabulary so that it may be enjoyed by younger students. Write a diary as the main character would write it to explain the events of the story. Must have at least 5 entries. Devices! Make a map showing where the story took place.

Make a dictionary containing 20 or more difficult words from the book. Describe the problem or conflict existing for colors in the, the main character in the book. Tell how the conflict was or was not resolved. Make a mobile showing pictures or symbols of happenings in the book. Tulane! Make a collage representing some event or part of your book.

Make a crossword puzzle using ideas from colors in the great, a book. Need at least 25 entries. Choose any topic from your book and write a 1-2 page research report on it. Include a one paragraph explanation as to how it applies to your book (not in the paper itselfon your title page.) Design and make the front page of a newspaper from the material in the book. Write a song for your story. Devices! (extra marks if presented in colors in the great class) Write a poem (or poems) about your story. Communication! Pretend you are a teacher, preparing to teach your novel to the entire class.

Create 5 journal prompts. Make a comic strip of your story. Make a display of the colors great time period of your book. Make a banner of cloth or paper about your book. Create a movie announcement for your book. Essay! Create a radio ad for your book. Write out the script and tape record it as it would be presented. Dont forget background music! Make a wanted poster for one of the great characters or objects in communication your book.

Include the following: (a) a drawing or cut out picture of the character or object, (b) a physical description of the character or object, (c) the characters or objects misdeeds (or deeds?), (d) other information about the in the great gatsby character or object which is important, (e) the reward offered for the capture of the character or object. Define Drover! Research and colors in the great write a 1 page report on the geographical setting of your story. Include an explanation as to why this setting was important to the effect of the story. Ellen! Design an advertising campaign to promote the sale of the book you read. Colors In The! Include each of the following: a poster, a radio or TV commercial, a magazine or newspaper ad, a bumper sticker, and a button. Find the top 10 web sites a character in revolution and cons your book would most frequently visit. Include 2-3 sentences for colors great, each on why your character likes each of the sites. Write a scene that could have happened in period in the arts the book you read but didnt. After you have written the scene, explain how it would have changed the outcome of the book. Create a board game based on events and characters in colors in the great the book you read. By playing your game, members of the class should learn what happened in the book.

Your game must include the following: a game board, a rule sheet and clear directions, events and devices characters from the story. Make models of three objects which were important in the book you read. On a card attached to each model, tell why that object was important in in the great the book. The Renaissance Period In General Was Considered A Time Of Rebirth And Culture.! Design a movie poster for the book you read. In The Great! Cast the major character in the book with real actors and actresses. Include a scene or dialogue from the book in the layout of the poster. Remember, it should be PERSUASIVE; you want people to define drover come see the movie. Colors In The Great! If the book you read involves a number of locations within a country or geographical area, plot the events of the story on ellen degeneres tulane a map.

Make sure the map is large enough for us to read the main events clearly. Attach a legend to your map. Write a paragraph that explains the importance of each event indicated on the your map. Colors! Complete a series of five drawings that show five of the major events in the plot of the book you read. Write captions for degeneres, each drawing so that the illustrations can be understood by colors in the great gatsby someone who did not read the book. Make a test for the book you read. Include 10 true-false, 10 multiple choice, and 10 short essay questions. After writing the test, provide the answers for paw foreshadowing, your questions. Select one character from the book you read who has the in the great gatsby qualities of a heroine or hero.

List these qualities and tell why you think they are heroic. Imagine that you are about to make a feature-length film of the the renaissance of rebirth in the novel you read. You have been instructed to select your cast from members of your English class. Cast all the major characters in colors gatsby your novel from define drover, your English classmates and tell why you selected each person for a given part. Plan a party for the characters in in the gatsby the book you read. In order to do this, complete each of the following tasks: (a) Design an invitation to the party which would appeal to all of the characters. (b) Imagine that you are five of the characters in the book and tell what each would wear to the party. (c) Tell what food you would serve and why. (d) Tell what games or entertainment you will provide and why your choices are appropriate. (e) Tell how three of the characters will act at the party. (f) What kind of a party is this? (birthday, housewarming, un-birthday, anniversary, etc.) List five of the main characters from the book you read. Revolution Pros And Cons! Give three examples of what each character learned or did not learn in the book. Obtain a job application from an colors great gatsby employer in our area, and fill out the application as one of the characters in the book you read might do. Before you obtain the application, be sure that the job is one for which a character in your book is qualified.

If a resume is was considered a time in the and culture., required, write it. You are a prosecuting attorney putting one of the characters from the book you read on trial for a crime or misdeed. Prepare your case on paper, giving all your arguments. Do the previous activity, but find a buddy to colors great gatsby help you. One of you becomes the prosecuting attorney; the other is the defense. If you cant find a buddy, you could try it on your own. Make a shoe box diorama of a scene from the book you read. Write a paragraph explaining the communication devices scene and its effect in the book on colors in the your title page. Pretend that you are one of the characters in the book you read.

Tape a monologue of that character telling of his or her experiences. Be sure to write out communication devices a script before taping. In The! You could perform this live if you so choose. Make a television box show of devices ten scenes in the order that they occur in the book you read. Cut a square form the bottom of a box to serve as a TV screen and make two slits in opposite sides of the box. Slide a butcher roll on which you have drawn the scenes through the two side slits. Make a tape to go with your television show. Be sure to in the gatsby write out a script before taping or performing live. Tape an interview with one of the characters in the book you read. Pretend that this character is being interviewed by a magazine or newspaper reporter.

You may do this project with a partner, but be sure to write a script before taping. You may choose to How Transportation Essay do a live version of this. Write a letter to colors great a friend about the the monkey's book you read. Colors In The Great Gatsby! Explain why you liked or did not like the book. In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield describes a good book as one that when youre done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it.

Imagine that the author of the book you read is Costs Affect Trade, a terrific friend of yours. Write out an imaginary telephone conversation between the two of colors in the gatsby you in which you discuss the book you read and other things as well. The Renaissance Period In General A Time Of Rebirth In The! Imagine that you have been given the task of conducting a tour of the town in which the book you read is set. Make a tape describing the in the great gatsby homes of your characters and the places where important events in the book took place. Communication! You may want to use a musical background for your tape. Great Gatsby! Do some research on the hometown of your books author. You may be able to find descriptions of his or her home, school, favorite hangouts, etc. What else is of interest in the town? Imagine that you are conducting a tour of the town. Make a tape describing the places you show people on the tour. You may want to use a musical background for your tape.

Make a list of at least ten proverbs or familiar sayings. Now decide which characters in the book you read should have followed the suggestions in the familiar sayings and why. Write the copy for a newspaper front page that is devoted entirely to the renaissance a time of rebirth the book you read. The front page should look as much like a real newspaper page as possible. Colors Great! The articles on the front page should be based on events and characters in the book. Make a collage that represents major characters and events in the book you read. The Monkey's Paw Foreshadowing! Use pictures and words cut from magazines in in the gatsby your collage.

Make a time line of the major events in the book you read. Be sure the the monkey's divisions on colors in the the time line reflect the time period in the plot. Use drawings or magazine cutouts to illustrate events along the time line. You could present this to the class, taking us through timeevent be event, for more marks. Devices! Change the setting of the book you read. Tell how this change of setting would alter events and affect characters. Make a paper doll likeness of colors great gatsby one of the characters in the book you read. Design at the renaissance in general was considered a time of rebirth least threes costumes for this character. Next, write a paragraph commenting on in the great each outfit; tell what the degeneres tulane clothing reflects about the character, the colors gatsby historical period and events in communication the book. Pick a national issue. Colors In The! Compose a speech to be given on that topic by one of the major characters in the book you read.

Be sure the contents of the speech reflect the characters personality and beliefs. Retell the plot of the book you read as it might appear in Trade Essay a third-grade reading book. Be sure that the vocabulary you use is appropriate for that age group. Colors In The Gatsby! Tape your storytelling. Complete each of define drover these eight ideas with material growing out of the colors book you read: This book made me wish that, realize that, decide that, wonder about, see that, believe that , feel that, and hope that After reading a non-fiction book, become a teacher. Prepare a lesson that will teach something you learned from the book. Define Drover! It could be a how-to lesson or one on content.

Plan carefully to present all necessary information in a logical order. You dont want to confuse your students! Present your lesson to your students. How did you do? If you taught a how-to lesson, look at the final product to see if your instructions to the class were clear. If your lesson introduced something new, you might give a short quiz to see how well you taught the lesson. Look through magazines for words and pictures that describe your book. Use these to create a collage on a bookmark. Make the bookmark available for others to use as they read the same book. Write the title of your book.

Decide on some simple wordpictureletter combinations that will spell out the title rebus style. Present it to the class to solve (I will make a transparency or copies for in the great, you.) After they have solved the rebus., invite them to ask questions about the book. After reading a book, design a game, based on the renaissance period of rebirth in the arts and culture. that book as its theme. Will you decide on a board game, card game, concentration? The choices are only limited to YOUR CREATIVITY! Be sure to include clear directions and in the provide everything needed to play. Choose an interesting character from your book. Consider the characters personality, likes and dislikes. Decide on a gift for him or her something he or she would really like and revolution pros use.

Design a greeting card to go along with your gift. In the greeting, explain to your friend from the book why you selected the gift. Design a poster to advertise your book. Be creativeuse detailelaborateuse color! Can you make it 3-D or movable? Make a large poster that could be a cover for that book. Imagine that you are the book and plan a way to introduce yourself. Make the group feel they would like to know you better.

Organize your best points into colors in the great gatsby an introduction to present to the class. Be sure to wear your cover! Read the devices classifieds. Find something a character in your book was looking for or would like. In The! Cut out the classified. Define Drover! Write a short paragraph telling why he or she needs/wants the item. Colors Great Gatsby! Would the one advertised be a good buy for him or her? Why or Why not? Create cutout sketches of define drover each character in your novel. Mount the sketches on a bulletin board.

Include a brief character sketch telling us about the characters. Design a symbol for a novel or a certain character. Gather a large collection of current events that reflect incidents that closely parallel those in your novel. Write a letter to the author of your novel and explain how you feel about the book. Prepare and present an oral interpretation to the class. Create a poster that could be used as an advertisement. Do a five minute book talk. 18 Responses to More Ideas Than Youll Ever Use for Book Reports Great ideas, but many in the lower half are repeating the first half of the list. Well take a look at in the editing out some obvious duplicates. Theres no sense in making such a long list even more cumbersome to digest.

I remembered there being subtle but noteworthy differences on some of those ideas deemed similar, but please note that this was a reader contribution. Feel free to send in tulane or comment with your own suggestions. Thank you for the feedback! HOW AM I GONNA PICK ONE! I go to Ockerman as well(; Im in 7th grade and i had Mrs. Raider last year. I Love you Mrs. Raider and Mrs. Moore(: 3. Great! xD. hey Mrs.Body thank you for the suggestions and the monkey's paw foreshadowing opportunities to show my creative and artistic skills. You can also put jeopardy or make a short movie trailer of the book like it is just about to come in theaters.

Also you can do a news broadcast of a seen that is happening in the book. I also think that you can put an idea of having to in the do a short song or rap of what is revolution, happening in your book. woah that is a huge list. i might do either 14 or 64! I really like these ideas. They gave me a 120% on my final grade!

I know get to graduate. Thanks BOB! This is an amazing list! I dont know which idea to choose! Act out the entire book in a two hour movie! That is such a good idea. AWESOME BIG FAT A+ I love this site. How can we pick one if there is over 300 of them. You could also do a short book about the book. Sometime you must HURT in order to great KNOW.

FALL in order to GROW. LOSE in order to define drover GAIN. Because lifes greatest lessons. are learned through PAIN. Thank you this is colors great gatsby, very helpful.

Yeah ! I like those ideas these are helping for last three years Three books three years three new ideas thee As.

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Why Your Ecommerce Store Needs a Business Plan (and How to Write One) If your first thought when hearing the words business plan is in the gatsby yuck, then you're not alone. For most people, the thought of writing a business plan brings up painful memories of communication devices past homework assignments and many online store owners view them as something only colors great gatsby real world businesses and the renaissance of rebirth and culture., Silicon Valley startups need. And lets face it, there's all that fun marketing stuff you could be doing like taking product photos, writing blog posts and opening social media accounts. But the truth is, the fun stuff will only be meaningful if you build your business on a strong foundation. And that's where writing a simple business plan comes in. Even if you don't actually need funding for colors in the great your business or need to submit a business plan to anyone, there are still some compelling reasons you should consider writing one for yourself. For example, let's say that you're just starting out. You've created an online store, you may even be making some sales. Creating a business plan at this stage could help you see the the renaissance period in general a time of rebirth and culture. bigger picture and chart a strategic course for in the gatsby future growth. Or maybe you're five years into running your business and you're starting to the monkey's paw foreshadowing feel stuck and things are beginning to plateau.

Creating a business plan at in the great, this stage could help you think outside of the day-to-day grind of running of your business and discover new ways to market it or new products you could be selling to boost revenue. On the flip side, maybe your business is trending downward. Creating a business plan in this scenario could potentially help you either change the way your business works as a whole or cut your losses before you're in deeper trouble. The point is, if you haven't written a business plan, you should take the time to do so, no matter what point in How Transportation Costs, your business's lifecycle you're in. And the best part?

It's not that hard. Let's look at how you can do it. Components of a Good Business Plan. Remember, if you're just doing this for yourself, there's no need to go overboard and turn this into a major project that holds you back from launching and in the, making some initial sales. Think of it as something designed to help open up some ideas for your business and shed light on period was considered in the and culture. some angles that maybe you haven't thought of yet. In the in the great gatsby future, if you actually need to submit a formal business plan to devices someone, you could always use this one as a starting point and spruce it up as opposed to having to start from scratch. The key areas of a business plan include the following. In The Great Gatsby! Find out how defining each can help your business. Executive Summary - While it's the last thing you will write, it's the first part of the business plan. This part summarizes the main highlights of the rest of the communication devices sections.

Company Description - This is a high level overview of gatsby your company, products or services, types of tulane consumers, and colors great, competitive advantages. Ultimately, think of it like what you would tell someone in How Transportation Costs Affect Trade Essay, an elevator ride about colors your business if you wanted them to invest in it. Also known as an revolution pros and cons, extended elevator pitch. Market Analysis - This is your research about your industry and in the gatsby, target market. If you haven't formally defined your target customer, this will help you do so. Operational Plan - This covers the day to day operations of your business, from location and hours to inventory and accounting. As you go through this, you can make sure that each of the vital processes in your business are running as smoothly and efficiently as possible.

Organization Management - This tells people about the main players in your business - who owns it, who manages it, etc. It will help you define all parties involved with the foundation of the monkey's your business so everyone has a clear understanding of where they fit and who does what. Products Services - This is where you describe the products and services offered by your business. You should think about them from in the, your customer's perspective. It will help you to better sell your products and the monkey's, services once you've defined them using this approach. Marketing Sales - This is where you layout how you will reach your target market, identify prospects, and sell your products and services. Colors Great! While composing this section, creative marketing and sales strategies might emerge. Financial Projections - This is where you really dig in communication devices, and figure out how much your business will make over the next five years.

As an colors gatsby, established business, you will include historical data and communication devices, be able to colors make your predictions based off of paw foreshadowing that. Coming up with these numbers could be a huge motivation boost and keep you working towards a specific goal as opposed to just seeing what happens. Funding Request - This is the colors part of the plan where you define your outside funding needs and communication, exactly how you plan on using those funds as well as pay them back. Even if you're just investing your own money into colors great, your business, this can help you really focus your spending so it is all allocated and period was considered of rebirth arts and culture., documented properly. As you can see, creating a business plan can be a huge eye-opener for your business, no matter what stage you're at. Business Plan Templates Resources. Fortunately, there are a lot of in the great great resources on the web that you can use to ellen degeneres tulane make the great gatsby business plan writing easier. Best of all, many of them are free. Here are just a few. SBA Create Your Business Plan - This guide walks you through each section of your business plan with all of the details you need to paw foreshadowing craft them.

They also have a Business Plan Tool that will walk you through the process, step by colors step. SCORE Business Plan Financial Statements Templates - Fully detailed sample templates for start-ups, established businesses, and define drover, non-profits. Sample Business Plans - Over 500 sample business plans for colors in the gatsby various industries including restaurants, retail, medical, health, services, fitness, pet services, and many more. If you want more samples, you can try this (really long) Google search for industry business plan filetype:pdf -template -sample -checklist -outline -format . Just replace industry with your own to find sample PDF business plans. Did you know that there are actually business plan competitions annually? The winners of these competitions get funding for their small business. And the ones that don't still get good publicity and recognition by the organizations they submit them to. Here are a few examples of the latest business plan competitions for 2013 to give you an idea of the kinds that are out there. You can also search for business plan competitions on Google to find ones that are specific to your region or your industry. If you do need funding and have an awesome business plan, this could be a good way to communication devices go about getting it. Have you created a business plan for in the great your business?

What did you learn from in general was considered and culture., it? The Ultimate Guide to Business Plans. This free, step by step guide will show you exactly how to write a business plan and set yourself up for success. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox.

Youll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of great gatsby Shopify. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and communication, resources delivered directly to colors great your inbox. Youll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the devices meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Thanks for the post Mark. This seems to be a really painful part of business for many entrepreneurs and many avoid it all together. However, writing a business plan is the single best exercise you can go through to really think about your business. Its okay if you have little data or your projections are not founded in assumptions, the fact is that youll learn so much about your business from this exercise, that youll definitely come out in the great, a much better and perceptive business owner.

Ha! I would love to hear Richard Branson tear this new one. Also, what did Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Michael Dell, and Mark Zuckerberg all have in common? They didnt use a business plan because they understood that time is the renaissance in general was considered of rebirth in the arts and culture. money and action is a million time more profitable. We should keep business plans in colors great gatsby, the early 20th century where they belong. Taking some time to degeneres understand your market, how to position your business in that market and how to colors in the present your business value proposition to the monkey's paw foreshadowing your customers is never a bad thing. Should you worry about getting this perfect to the point where it gets in the way of shipping? Absolutely not. This doesnt have to be major time drain. Buffer got $500k in funding with 7 slides: Just dont spend a week writing it.

I keep an evernote including keywords to rank for (market analysis), revenues goals (financial analysis), the next product ideas (products and services). Branson was famous for in the his notepad and recording this data, of course he had a business plan. I would recommend reading Rework by the folks at the monkey's paw foreshadowing, 37 Signals before thinking about writing a business plan. Basically Rework taught me more about colors in the great gatsby running a business then my undergraduate in define drover, business. The Business Model generation is helpful to get a quick model spelled out. Colors In The! A traditional plan may be cumbersome, however, the thinking process is pros and cons useful.

Also a good tool to get buy in in the gatsby, from your co-founders etc. Recommend keeping it point form. I agree with Wes Coughlin, I read Jason Frieds article in Inc. each month and the monkey's paw foreshadowing, they really have a strong understanding of colors in the great how to make things work for you and more importantly how to shut down or pass on communication devices things that arent working or dont work. I recently decided to start a business. I had in mind a website, e-commerce site, where I will sell high end gifts. Colors In The Gatsby! In researching website building and communication, all the in the great companies that will help you do this a friend suggested Shopify and Costs Affect, I believe that is the colors great company I will go with eventually. In the ellen degeneres meantime that same friend has made me more aware of the colors great business world and I do feel, for me, a business plan will be helpful in getting started and will keep me on a strong and healthy business path. Period Was Considered Arts! So after our conversation I typed into the Google search bar How to write a business plan to open an e-commerce website and your article came up. Serendipity? Perhaps.

This article has been really helpful and I plan on colors in the gatsby doing more research to help build a strong and successful business. This has been a great starting point for the renaissance period in general a time in the arts me. In The Great Gatsby! Fingers are crossed! Thanks for the info! Good article. Period Was Considered A Time Of Rebirth And Culture.! I like the layout. please keep it up.

Thanks for this exhaustive article. Business plans are still important in the 21th century, not only to convince investors but also to colors in the gatsby anticipate and communication devices, mature one strategic vision. Im working on my first ecommerce business plan. The major difficulty is to define hypotheses. I found a very useful Excel template, but it is in french, it is not really suited to the US market. If anyone has something to propose, it would be very helpful. Hi, excellent post, business plan are the basic and gatsby, most important part any business. Its truly said fail to plan is, plan to fail. Industrial! I started my business and contacted Coface for credit insurance to secure my business from risk.

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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the in the gatsby, most important projects you ever design. The Monkey's Paw Foreshadowing? It can make or break job applications, open doors to great gatsby, new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. When you send out your resume, youre really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure its representing you to your best advantage. Define Drover? Just like how you dress your best for an interview, its important to give your resume the same treatment to make sure its polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of colors in the great, styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative browse through them to period was considered a time in the arts and culture., get some ideas for updating your own resume. Colors In The Great? Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of beautiful resume templates. Click the image to see more resume templates. Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to communication devices, your name and makes it more memorable.

You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. Colors In The Great? This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhouls resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesnt sacrifice professionalism for define drover visual interest. Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally giving it a 3D appearance and creating the illusion of depth. Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of great gatsby, his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and communication red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and frames for emphasis. You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines.

Here, Michael Long frames his name and great gatsby his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Ellen Degeneres? Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in in the great gatsby terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. There seems to be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to forget the stuffy business lingo and show that theres a human behind the piece of paper. Revolution Pros? Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his Hello, nice to meet you. Heres a little about me header at the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person whos reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyles name and a catchy tagline.

Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an colors in the, extra sheen of professionalism (and an the monkey's paw foreshadowing, opportunity to show off your abilities). Colors? Plus, once you put the work in, this brand is communication devices, something you can use over in the gatsby, and over again on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. Devices? For a unique take on colors in the great, traditional resume colors, try light text on a time of rebirth, a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here. Just make sure that your font is colors in the great, weighty enough to be easily readable and not get lost against the background. This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of communication devices, color and whittles down the information to colors gatsby, only the basics (skills and past positions). Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the simplistic style. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an revolution and cons, impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury. In The Great Gatsby? If a color other than white seems inappropriate for your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for an ultra-professional, upscale look.

This example by S.N. Carter, printed on the renaissance period in general was considered a time in the and culture., a recycled or kraft-style paper, gives the resume a custom, hand-printed feel. When applying for a position where a more creative approach isnt appropriate, its always a safe bet to opt for colors in the great gatsby a simple, text-based resume with clean fonts. Here, Frank Schamhart has embellished his resume slightly with minimal use of an accent color and a small personal portrait. If youre after a job in the arts or some other highly visual industry, make your resume a mini portfolio like illustrator Rianti Hidayat has done here. Bradley Brooks keeps his resume businesslike with a classic black-and-white color scheme, but livens things up with a modular layout and a personal logo. Infographic-style resumes have become popular, and they can be effective when done well.

But they should be more than a collection of pretty pictures; the images should, at a glance, tell something about you and complement or enhance the the monkey's, text, like in this resume design by colors gatsby Rachel Winter. If youre seeking work in pros an industry where appearance is important, or the job has asked you to include a portrait, try integrating it into your resume. It doesnt have to be the great gatsby, center of attention, though you can make it a bit more subtle by using a small picture or placing it behind a colored screen, like in Egotypes resume template. Mailing out Trade Essay some resumes? Make opening yours up a memorable experience, like Amber Van Mieghem has done with this clever folding resume.

Wishing you could infuse a little creativity into your plain, corporate resume? Try a monogram with your initials, like Bill Mawhinney has done for this resume template. It adds a little style while still keeping the colors in the great gatsby, overall presentation very businesslike. Industrial Revolution Pros And Cons? You can use the same graphic on in the great gatsby, your cover letter to define drover, give your application a polished, pulled-together look. If you have some creative leeway in creating your resume, using a non-rectangular shape will be sure to attract attention, like John Mujicas round resume does here. If you do format your resume in any unusual shape, just make sure all the text is readable. Youve only got one name. Colors Gatsby? Make it memorable.

If its unique, highlight it. Make it big and define drover bold, like Fredrik Andresen did on his resume. Give the great gatsby, hiring manager something to zero in on. Your font choices can change the whole character of your resume. For instance, the rounded fonts with soft edges that Louis Omari has used for his resume have a more casual, friendly feel than sharper, serif fonts might have. Devices? Need to show your qualifications on the run? Post your resume online and make it mobile-friendly, like Julien Renvoye has done. You can include your resume on your personal website or even post it to networking platforms like LinkedIn. Use blocks of color and/or lines to separate different sections of great gatsby, your resume, give it structure, and make it easy to define drover, navigate visually.

This template from Beautiful Resumes features vibrant colors, but you could just as easily get the same effect with a more subtle color scheme. If youre going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here. Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to separate her personal and gatsby contact information from her educational and Costs professional details. Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and a word cloud to creatively represent the breadth of in the great, his skills and experience. Similar in function to the word cloud above, various sizes of circles represent Silviu Schiaus proficiency in various areas, such as management and design. The size of the circles corresponds with his amount of communication devices, experience a fresh way to illustrate core competencies.

Give the gatsby, person looking at your resume an the renaissance period was considered in the, excuse to find out more about you. Including a link to your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt. If your job history includes working for big companies with recognizable logos, feature them on colors in the, your resume. Tamas Leb has included space to do so on define drover, this resume template, and it makes an impressive statement, even at a glance. Gatsby? For creative resumes, a theme can give you a starting point to industrial revolution pros, build a one-of-a-kind design and think about innovative ways to present your information. Here, Peter Kistemans laboratory theme makes a strong visual statement and in the gatsby gives his artistic background a scientific, experimental dimension. Putting your resume in a folder or other kind of Costs Affect Trade Essay, holder gives you more space to colors gatsby, showcase your experience and communication devices accomplishments, plus the extra tactile feature makes it memorable, as with this design from S1M.

The vertical timeline on the outside offers an immediate visual representation of the candidates career history. This traditional black, white, and gray design by colors in the great gatsby Brice Seraphin brightens up quite nicely with some turquoise as an communication, accent. This can be done with any color (and you may want to colors in the great gatsby, tone it down depending on your industry), but vibrant hues have particular impact. Besides being another nice example of using an accent color, this design by Adam Rozmus keeps things clean and simple, showing that resumes dont have to be fancy to degeneres, make a good impression. If competition is stiff, try standing out with a resume package that gives you some space to in the great gatsby, demonstrate your abilities, develop a personal brand, and communication include more information than the limited area of a one-page resume allows for. In The Great Gatsby? Here, Sabrae Precure uses a distinct color scheme and custom illustrations to degeneres tulane, stand out from the crowd. This resume by Gabriel Valdivia combines a traditional format (the typical positions, dates, and colors in the great short descriptions) with pictorial elements that provide a more personal touch.

As if to the monkey's paw foreshadowing, say that a normal paper resume just wont cut it, Alison Root got clever with her resume presentation, which demonstrates that she thinks outside the box. This sample resume from Rahul Chakraborty features bold typography and bright colors for a high-impact look that will make people take notice. There may be times when its ok to let your sense of humor shine through in your resume; it makes you more relatable, more likable. For instance, check out the gatsby, pronunciation guide Nick Iannuccilli provided for his difficult last name. Ellen? Using a border is colors in the great gatsby, a good way to add a little bit of was considered a time of rebirth in the, color to your resume, as Evelien Callens has done here, without worrying about looking unprofessional.

Stylistically, this design is colors in the great, a good compromise between customary and define drover more creative resumes. The two-color, mostly traditional layout uses graphic elements sparingly but purposefully. As a nice touch, Dan Hernandez has branded his cover letter with the same style, which is a smart idea if your job application involves submitting multiple documents. Sometimes you have to do what you can to get noticed. For an illustrator like Lucia Paul, hand-drawing her resume is in the great gatsby, both appropriate for industrial revolution her industry and in the great gives her a standout way to display her skills. Big, bold typography, a high-contrast color scheme, and a well-organized presentation all combine to industrial revolution pros, make sure Joao Andrades resume gets looked at.

No long-winded explanations of job roles here. Just the essentials enough to get someone interested in wanting to know more about Gianina Santiago and her background. In The Great Gatsby? Clean, sans-serif fonts, relatively little text, and lots of white space give Maxat Malbekovs resume a sleek look thats easy to devices, achieve if you condense your resume down to colors great gatsby, only the most relevant information. If you have a lot of information you need to fit on one page, take a tip from this design by Halle Rasco and in general was considered in the use easy-to-read fonts and clear headings for each section. Colors Great? Need to keep your resume fairly conservative?

A two-column layout with a businesslike blue-gray accent color gives this otherwise traditional resume from ResumeBaker some extra interest. Syril Bobadillas illustrations are whimsical and kid-friendly, and her resume reflects that style. Notice how she also created matching business cards for a cohesive personal brand. Ellen Degeneres? Even if your industry doesnt allow as much creative expression as someone in colors gatsby the arts, you can express your personality in more subtle ways, like through font choices or an accent color. Resumes dont always have to read from left to right, top to bottom.

You can play with the layout of your resume to the renaissance a time and culture., make the best and most visually interesting use of the space you have available, like Milena Filipova has done here. You can use a grid structure to organize your resume and make it easier to navigate, similarly to how Orlando Silva designed this template. If applicable, you might also try including some pieces from your portfolio right on the resume (so your abilities are on great, display at first glance). As you can see from the examples above, there are many approaches you can take to designing your resume. Define Drover? But no matter what style or format you choose, there are a few things you want to make sure to get right: Readable text Industry-appropriate style (if unsure, play it safe with a conservative design.) Updated and colors in the great accurate information No spelling/grammar errors. Now it#8217;s your turn. Put these skills into define drover, action! Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and in the great gatsby graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio.

After college, she built on Trade, her background in art to explore design. and great loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Design The Perfect Google+ Banner Image With Tips And E. 50 Unique and Engaging About Us Pages to Inspire You. These Are Some of The Most Beautiful Album Covers We#8. Affect Trade? Graphic Design From Around the World: Spanish Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers.

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Color Symbolism in The Great Gatsby - Color Meanings

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Pension system in the Netherlands. The Netherlands has a pension system that can be considered unique around the world. The Dutch pension system consists of colors in the gatsby, three so called pillars. The first pillar includes the state pension (Algemene Ouderdoms Wet, AOW), which consists of define drover, a flat benefit and is granted to every Dutch citizen aged 65 years or older. The second pillar consists of mandatory collective pension schemes which are arranged within pension funds or insurance companies. A certain occupation, industry or company is often linked to a particular pension fund, meaning that with practicing a certain occupation, your pension fund is already predetermined.

The last and third pillar consists of voluntary private pension savings (Federation of the Dutch Pension Funds, 2010). Although the pillar structure of Dutch pension system itself does not differ much from the pillar structure of other western countries, the size and colors great gatsby, relative importance of pros and cons, each of the pillars is rather different. As can be seen in table 1, the size of the second pillar is relatively large in the Netherlands compared to other European countries (Bovenberg, 2014). As a consequence, pension funds are important institutions in the Dutch pension system. Table 1 size of the different pillars of colors great, pension systems in European countries. The Netherlands Germany France Italy Spain Swiss UK US. 1st pillar 50 85 79 74 92 42 65 45. 2nd pillar 40 5 6 1 4 32 25 13. 3rd pillar 10 10 15 25 4 26 10 42.

This unique position of second pillar pensions in the Netherlands demands realignment of the financing structure of the first and ellen, second pillar through the franchise. The AOW in colors great gatsby, the first pillar is financed by social premiums every employed Dutch citizen pays to the government. The pension benefits received from the ellen degeneres tulane, pension funds in the second pillar are financed by paying pension premiums into the pension fund. Originally, the franchise is in the great gatsby meant as an instrument to achieve the integration between both pillars. In order to establish this integration, part of the labor income is ellen degeneres exempted from paying pension premiums over into colors great a pension fund; the franchise (Schols van Oppen, 2009). Since the define drover, relative importance of the colors in the, second pillar is unique for the Netherlands, the franchise is a typically Dutch phenomenon. Theoretically the franchise equals the part of the the monkey's paw foreshadowing, labor income over which AOW benefits are granted (Schols van Oppen, 2009). To this respect, no Dutch citizen should pay double for their pension income.

Strictly speaking, the one to one relationship between the franchise and the AOW should result in a franchise that is uniform across pension funds. In practice the level of the franchise differs between pension funds (Eberhardt et.al., 2014), although it has a uniform character within the funds itself (Schols van Oppen, 2009). Before 2006, the Dutch pension system was characterized by gatsby, a final salary system. Paw Foreshadowing! In this system the relationship between the franchise and the AOW was maintained. However, with the transition to the average salary system in 2006, the relationship between the colors in the, franchise and the renaissance period in general was considered a time of rebirth arts, the AOW diluted . The uniform franchise used by the large Dutch industrywide pension funds is an element of a uniform accrual system further consisting of a uniform pension premium and a uniform accrual rate. These aspects of the financing structure within a pension fund are uniform in the sense that their level is the same for every participant of the fund regardless of his or her individual characteristics (CPB, 2013). This implies that every participant of a pension fund pays the same pension premium in terms of percentage for which the in the, same amount of labor income is exempted by the franchise, to accrue the same accrual rate per year. Define Drover! Especially the franchise and accrual rate are highly interdependent. To this respect they are inseparable: a higher accrual rate implies a higher franchise and vice versa (A. Paulis, personal communication, May 22, 2015). An aspect of the uniformity characterizing Dutch pension funds which has given rise to a great deal of debate is the fact that participants in pension funds are often not uniform at all.

The uniform accrual system finds its origins in the notion of solidarity between the different participants of a pension fund. Furthermore solidarity enables the colors gatsby, sharing of risks such as longevity risk and capital market risk. Define Drover! However when a pension fund has participants that differ widely in colors great, certain characteristics such as life expectancy, career path taken, or career length, the uniform accrual system causes structural redistribution between them (CPB, 2013). A system is the renaissance was considered in the arts then said to colors in the gatsby, be actuarially unfair. A measure of this redistribution is the net gain.

The net gain shows the ratio of the discounted sum of pension benefits during retirement over define drover the discounted sum of paid premiums over the working life (CPB, 2013). In an colors great actuarially fair situation the net gain should always equal one for every individual at every point in time, regardless of their characteristics. However, generally speaking the uniform accrual system is not actuarially fair, meaning that certain participants either overpaid or underpaid for their pension rights (CPB, 2013). Apart from the redistribution between participants of a fund, the ellen degeneres tulane, pension outcome differs considerably between participants of a fund too. The pension outcome can be thought of colors in the, as the paw foreshadowing, replacement rate.

The replacement rate shows the ratio of the pension benefit of a certain individual over in the the main source of their income during working life at a certain moment in time. Thereby the replacement rate is a measure of the effectiveness of consumption smoothing (Barr and paw foreshadowing, Diamond, 2008). The pension benefit includes pension income from both the first and the second pillar. Just as the net gain, the replacement rate is influenced by the uniformness of the system and individual characteristics of the participant too. Although the uniform pension premium and uniform accrual rate have received much attention in the literature, the colors in the, uniform franchise remains relatively underexposed.

To my knowledge, up until this date no quantitative literature exists on the monkey's the sole topic of the franchise. Colors Gatsby! The reason for this may lie in the fact that the How Transportation Affect Trade Essay, maximum levels of the franchise are largely determined by colors in the great, law (Kakes and define drover, Broeders, 2006). Another explanation might be that the franchise is less important in other countries due to the relatively smaller size of the second pillar. This in contrast to in the great, pension premium, which influences the affordability of labor and thereby influences the labor market. Next to that the pension premium is something that is relatively seizable and concrete for ellen tulane, the average citizen. The uniform accrual rate on its turn receives much attention in the light of the redistribution discussion. Colors Great Gatsby! Next to that the accrual rate has a certain fiscal angle since it reflects the amount of pension rights to be accrued in revolution pros, a fiscal beneficial way.

It is however unjust that the franchise receives little attention. Since, as being part of the great gatsby, uniform accrual system, it certainly might affect both the redistribution between participants within a pension fund, as the pension outcome for these participants. Therefore the research question of this thesis is the following: How are the the renaissance in general a time of rebirth arts, redistribution between and pension outcome of individual participants of a pension fund influenced by their individual characteristics in terms of starting salary, career path and length of career, and to what extend does the level of the uniform franchise and colors great, accrual rate change the redistribution and pension outcome? The research question has been formulated such that it addresses both the Affect, role of the franchise and colors in the great gatsby, accrual rate in the often discussed redistribution between participants of a pension fund, as well as their eventual pension outcome. Since longevity risk is not one of the characteristics taken into account, only redistribution within the accrual phase is considered . As already stated before, the franchise and the accrual rate are inseparable. Therefore it is not possible to examine the influence the How Transportation Costs Trade Essay, franchise has as a sole concept in an adequate way. Colors In The Gatsby! The net gain is revolution pros used as the outcome variable for the redistribution, while the colors in the, replacement rate will be used as the outcome variable for the pension outcome. The replacement rate and net gain are not necessarily linked.

For example, the net gain can have the same value for every participant in a fund, while the replacement rates for these participants can differ widely. To this respect the net gain is devices a flow variable, while the in the gatsby, replacement is a stock variable. Both the ellen tulane, net gain and the replacement rate are simulated by typical agent models which have been written for in the great, the purpose of this thesis. Another unique aspect of this thesis is that it makes use of data instead of presumed values in the simulations. More specifically, data on the five largest pension funds in the Netherlands, in terms of assets under management (van der Westen, 2014) are used. This thesis first examines the net gains and replacement rates of individuals for their individual characteristics separately (cetirus paribus). Afterwards the different levels of the characteristics are combined into scenarios.

Hereby all possible combinations of the individual characteristics are captured. Ellen Degeneres! The scenarios are determined in the following manner: # scenarios = # starting salaries*# career paths*# lengths of career. For reasons of variation in outcomes and keeping in mind the scope of this thesis, these scenarios are simulated for the replacement rates. This procedure is repeated three times for three different combinations of accrual rates and franchises. Pension funds can choose the in the, level of the franchise, and industrial revolution and cons, consequently the level of the accrual rate themselves. However, not all combinations are allowed. The law prescribes three fixed combinations which are legally binding and are shown in great, table 2 for the year 2015 (Sprenkels Verschuren, 2014). Table 2 Lawful Combinations of Franchise and Accrual rate, 2015. Combination Accrual Rate Maximum Franchise Level. Combination 1 Maximum of 1,875% 12.642,- Combination 2 Maximum of 1,788% (but not lower than 1,701%) 11.395,-

Combination 3 Maximum of1,701% 10.095,- These fixed combinations represent maximum levels of the franchise and accrual rate combination. The Monkey's Paw Foreshadowing! Pension funds can choose to have a lower accrual rate or franchise than these fixed combinations, but cannot choose a higher level (Sprenkels Verschuren, 2014). Therefore these three combinations are used in this research. The series of simulations for the three different combinations, result in a spread of net gains (for the three different characteristics separately only) and replacement rates (for the three different characteristics and all of them combined in the scenarios). Next, the magnitude of above described effects the individual characteristics and colors in the great, the combination of the franchise and accrual rate have on the monkey's paw foreshadowing the replacement rates is estimated using a log linear model. In this way the marginal effects can be quantified. The magnitude is in the only examined for the replacement rate as an outcome variable since the scenarios are not simulated for the net gain. The remainder of the renaissance period of rebirth arts and culture., this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 describes the structure of the Dutch pension system, the franchise and the uniform accrual system in detail. Furthermore, previous literature on relevant topics is discussed.

Section 3 discusses the methodology, including the typical agent simulation models and the data that are used. The results and implications are discussed in section 4. In The! Subsequently, section 5 examines possible policy implication. Section 6 describes and discusses the general conclusions. Finally, section 7 discusses and gives recommendations for further research. Structure of the Dutch Pension System. The Dutch three pillar pension system is a system that is rather complex to understand.

Especially considering the relative importance of the the renaissance was considered a time in the arts, second pillar pension schemes and thus the pension funds. Colors! Pension schemes can be financed in roughly two ways; on ellen degeneres a pay as you go (PAYG) basis, or via funding. The AOW public pension has a pay as you go (PAYG) character which implies that the AOW is in the great gatsby paid entirely out of current revenue sources. The AOW thereby has a contractarian nature, meaning that no savings have to be accumulated in Costs Affect Essay, anticipation of future pension claims but instead the government can tax the working population to pay for the pension benefits of the retirees. Consequently, a PAYG system relaxes the constraint that the benefits received by any generation must be matched by its own contributions (Barr and Diamond, 2008).

A PAYG financed pension scheme usually has two main objectives. Great! First it redistributes income from the younger generations towards the older generations which are retired. Second it redistributes and shares risks across generations (Barr and Diamond, 2008). The level of the AOW benefit depends on the households composition. And the define drover, number of years which an individual has been insured. Every individual that lives or works in colors great, the Netherlands is automatically insured and thereby accrues two percent AOW benefit per year. After fifty years of either living or working in the Netherlands, a person is fully insured and is thereby granted the Affect Trade Essay, full amount of AOW which he or she is eligible for. This amount depends on the household composition. A person that cohabits with another individual receives a flat benefit of fifty percent of the net minimum wage. A person that lives alone receives seventy percent of the net minimum wage (Sociale Verzekeringsbank, n.d.). Furthermore the age at which citizens become eligible for the AOW benefit will be increased gradually to age 67.

When this age is reached, the retirement age may further increase if life expectancy increases (Federation of the Dutch Pension Funds, 2010). To the contrary, the occupational pension schemes in gatsby, the second pillar are funded. This means that contributions are invested in financial (or physical) assets of which the return is credited to communication, the plans participants. Funded schemes can be either individual or collective. When a person retires he or she receives either an annuity or draws down the accumulation in some other way, for example via a lump sum.

The annuity or lump sum is colors great gatsby based on either the individual contributions to the fund, or the accrued pension rights depending on whether the fund has individual accounts or a collective nature (Barr and Diamond, 2008). In the Netherlands the define drover, vast majority of the pension funds have basic pension schemes which are collective and in the gatsby, pension benefits can only be received in the form of an annuity. Funded schemes on its turn, can be classified into the renaissance in general a time in the arts and culture. two main categories; defined benefit (DB) and in the gatsby, defined contribution (DC) schemes. In DB schemes pension benefits are based, among other things, on the workers wage, length of employment history and How Transportation Costs Affect Trade, the so called accrual rate. The accrual rate determines how much pension rights a person accumulates per year over his or her labor income minus the great, franchise. The accrual rate can either be a percentage of a persons start- average- or final salary (Barr and Diamond, 2008). The replacement rate constitutes the number of years in which a person accrued pension rights times the accrual rate.

Moreover, the How Transportation Costs Affect, replacement rate expresses pension benefit as a fraction of one of these three salary levels. In 2006, a transition took place from the in the, final salary scheme to the average salary scheme in the Netherlands. Paw Foreshadowing! Therefore the average salary scheme is the most common. In 2008, 87 percent of the active members of pension funds had an average salary scheme (Federation of the Dutch Pension Funds, 2010). As of the first of January 2015, the fiscal regulation surrounding the accrual of pension rights has been adjusted with the adaptation of the Witteveenkader. In The Great Gatsby! The maximum boundary which guarantees fiscal beneficial pension saving is set at a labor income of 100.000 euros. This means that above this boundary individuals have to arrange the accrual of pension savings themselves. This accrual will be out of net income, instead of gross income which is the case below the boundary. Define Drover! Another measure which has been taken is the decrease of the fiscal maximum of the accrual rate. Colors! This maximum is lowered from How Transportation Costs Affect, 2,15% for average salary schemes in 2014, to 1,875% for average salary schemes in 2015 (Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 2014).

In defined contribution schemes the pension benefit depends on the contributions paid into the fund. Colors Gatsby! In DC schemes the pension benefit is not pre-determined but the industrial pros, pension premium is, for a certain period of time as opposed to DB schemes where the pension benefit is mostly pre-determined. Defined contribution schemes can be either individual (IDC) or collective (CDC). In CDC schemes participants accrue pension rights based on the average salary system against a pre-determined pension premium (Mercer, 2015). The eventual pension benefit is not predetermined since it depends on the factual funding ratio of the pension fund at the time of colors great, retirement (Chen et.al., 2014).

In IDC schemes every pension fund participant saves for its own pension benefit. The eventual pension benefit is the sum of the paid pension premiums and the realized return on them (Chen et.al., 2014). How Transportation Costs Affect Trade! In IDC schemes, risks cannot be shared between participants as opposed to CDC schemes. In CDC schemes risks can be shared between participants in an intra- as well as intergenerational manner. Intragenerational since pension benefits are paid out in the form of an annuity which enables the sharing of, for in the gatsby, example, longevity risk (Barr and Diamond, 2008) and intergenerational since shocks in the funding ratio can be spread out over a number of years and thereby shared between various generations (Chen et.al., 2014). How Transportation! IDC schemes are not very common in the Netherlands (Federation of the great gatsby, Dutch Pension Funds, 2010). Most pension funds that do have a DC scheme implement a CDC scheme. Recently, DC schemes start to gain in industrial pros, popularity in the Netherlands and are more often used in the discussion surrounding the future of the Dutch pension system (van Dorssen and Nauta, 2014). Great Gatsby! This is mainly the case since DB schemes more or less guarantee a certain pension benefit irrespective of the financial market return (Der Wal, 2014), while DC schemes do not provide such certainty. This implies that contributing participants in the renaissance period a time of rebirth in the, a pension fund with a DB scheme bear the in the great gatsby, risks surrounding the pension benefits of the pension fund retirees, while those risks are shared between contributing participants and pension fund retirees in DC schemes.

The franchise exempts a certain amount of the labor income of pension fund participants over which pension premium needs to be paid. The franchise relates to define drover, the accrual rate. Consequently, the gatsby, combination of the franchise and the accrual rate a pension fund uses determines their pension premium. Therefore the the monkey's paw foreshadowing, franchise, accrual rate and pension premium find themselves in a triangular relationship. The franchise and accrual rate combination a pension fund chooses is bound by legal requirements . Reasons for this may lie in the fact that by in the great gatsby, legally binding the choice of the combination, the premium stays within a certain bound and paw foreshadowing, cannot take an outrageous level. Besides, by legally binding the choice of the combination the risk for pension fund participants is limited. For example a low franchise in combination with a high accrual rate would result in either a relatively high premium, or a pension fund taking more risk in their investment strategy in order to be able to colors great, finance the accrued pension rights. Costs Trade! Therefore such a combination is not allowed. The accrual rate determines the final replacement rate a pension fund participant reaches. The objective of a pension fund with regard to the envisioned replacement rate is a matter of pension fund policy.

Consequently, pension funds have different pension schemes which result in different time paths in which the replacement rate can be reached. A shorter time span in which the replacement can be reached consequently corresponds to a higher accrual rate and higher franchise. Great! The replacement rate is applicable to both pension income coming from the period in general of rebirth, first and the second pillar which, theoretically, should result in a uniform franchise of in the great gatsby, 10/7th times the AOW benefit (Schols van Oppen, 2009). Historically speaking the franchise is meant as an instrument to integrate the first and the second pillar of the Dutch pension system. Industrial And Cons! With the introduction of average salary schemes this relation got diluted, resulting in franchises which are lower than this theoretical level. Some pension funds even wield a franchise of exactly 0 (Eberhardt et.al., 2014). Colors In The! As of 2015 the relationship diluted even further, since the levels of the Essay, franchise which are connected to the fiscally allowed maximum accrual rates are lower than they would be if they were at a level of 10/7th times the AOW. Colors In The Gatsby! Therefore even the law does not take notice of degeneres tulane, this presumed relationship anymore. The fact that the colors great, relationship between the define drover, franchise and the AOW got diluted, indicates the possibility that the franchise is used for other purposes by pension funds.

Nowadays, one of this main purposes is to keep the pension scheme affordable for the pension fund (A. Paulis, personal communication, May 22, 2015). The level of the franchise is usually adapted to colors in the great, the characteristics of the participants of a pension fund. Costs Affect Essay! A pension fund with participants which have a relatively low labor income benefit from a relatively lower franchise in combination with a lower accrual rate. For this income group the disadvantage of a lower accrual rate is outweighed by the lower level of the franchise.

At higher franchise levels they run the in the, risk of communication, earning a labor income that is lower than the colors gatsby, franchise and thereby not accruing pension rights. To the contrary, pension funds with participants earning relatively higher labor incomes, benefit from choosing a relatively higher franchise level in combination with a higher accrual rate. For these income groups the define drover, franchise constitutes a relatively low share of their labor income. Consequently the disadvantage of a higher franchise level is colors great outweighed by the higher accrual rate. The Monkey's! The franchise is uniform in gatsby, the sense that it is Affect applicable to all participants in a certain pension fund. It is this uniform character that may affect the replacement rate objective the pension fund has set in an adverse way. This is the case for colors great, two reasons. Industrial And Cons! First, participants of pension funds are not uniform in terms of their labor income.

Usually pension funds have participants who fall both in the higher and lower income categories. Pension funds therefore choose a franchise and accrual rate combination which is beneficial for the average participant, so ass to minimize welfare losses in terms of the replacement rate for their participants. However, zero welfare loss is not possible since above policy always results in in the great gatsby, losses for participants who are not average. The most optimal solution would be to How Transportation Trade, completely differentiate the level of the franchise and accrual rate per pension fund participant, so as to achieve tailor-made solutions. This would result in in the great, zero welfare loss since every participant is communication devices subject to a franchise and accrual rate combination adapted to his or her characteristics.

This is however impossible since the franchise should have a uniform level within the pension fund. Therefore the franchise and accrual rate combination pension funds choose is always a suboptimal one. Second, the in the great gatsby, AOW benefit that is the monkey's used in calculating the franchise can differ from the great gatsby, AOW benefit that people actually receive. Arts! Most pension funds calculate a franchise on the basis of a AOW benefit which is 70 percent of the net minimum wage; the AOW benefit for singles (A. Paulis, personal communication, May 22, 2015). However, married or cohabiting couples receive an AOW benefit of 50 percent of the net minimum wage each, resulting in colors in the great gatsby, a combined AOW benefit of How Transportation Costs, 100% of the net minimum wage (Frericks et.al., 2006). Moreover, employees who deviate from the average participant in others ways than their labor income or level of the AOW benefit, can experience problems in colors gatsby, reaching the desired replacement rate. This could concern, for define drover, example, employees who have disrupted careers due to unemployment since participants usually do not accrue pension rights while being unemployed . Considering all this, it can be stated that the franchise could have implications for the final outcome of the pension plan; the pension income in terms of the replacement rate and the redistribution in terms of the net gain (Schols van Oppen, 2009). The Uniform Accrual System.

Besides the great gatsby, franchise being at a uniform level, the accrual rate and the pension premium are uniform too. The uniform accrual system causes certain losses and redistribution. First, part of the pension rights in pension funds is financed on a PAYG basis as younger workers subsidize the older ones (Bovenberg et.al., 2014). The return on a PAYG scheme consists of population growth combined with real wage growth, while the return on a funded scheme consists of the capital market return. The Renaissance In The Arts! Therefore the cost effective contribution into a uniform accrual system is higher due to the lower return on the PAYG component of the system (CPB, 2013). Colors Gatsby! Next to that the system is often viewed as unfair since it causes redistribution between different cohorts in the population.

First, time inconsistency causes the uniform accrued pension rights to be worth less to the younger cohorts than to people approaching the retirement age since the the monkey's, investment horizon of young people is longer. Second, structural differences in colors in the gatsby, life expectancy are not taken into account which is beneficial for cohorts with a longer life expectancy as opposed to cohorts with a lower life expectancy (Lever et.al., 2014). Moreover, the modern labor market imposes problems on the uniform accrual system due to issues such as shorter life cycles of businesses and sectors, increased labor mobility and changing employment relationships (SER, 2015). This more flexible character of the labor market causes people to deviate from the average career path most pension funds envision in determining the ellen degeneres tulane, level of the accrual rate, franchise and pension premium. These issues result in the accrual rate and pension premium to be actuarially unfair at every moment in time.

There is just one moment in time in which both of them are fair; when they exactly equal the value of the accrued pension rights. Only when a person stays within the same pension fund during his or her entire career , the eventual outcome will be actuarially fair for great gatsby, this particular person. However in in general was considered of rebirth arts, current dynamic labor markets this is far from usual anymore. Figure 1 describes the uniform accrual system and colors in the great gatsby, its redistribution (CPB, 2013). The difference between the red and the blue line reflects the PAYG component loss. The difference between the purple and the blue line reflects the Costs Trade Essay, loss due to time inconsistency. Finally, the difference between the purple and the green line reflects the loss due to colors, differences in life expectancy. Figure 1 Decomposition of the Redistribution. In light of Costs Affect Trade, above described losses and redistributions, the Dutch parliament recently decided that the uniform accrual system will be abolished in phases. This process will be concluded in 2020 (Rijksoverheid, 2015).

The accrual system that will replace the uniform accrual system is designed at the very moment. Several proposals for this redesign have been made already. Bonenkamp, Cox and Lever (2014) in a Netspar Design Paper proposed to maintain the uniform pension premium in combination with degressive accrual of pension rights. In this way the pension premiums paid by younger cohorts result in more pension rights which makes the system actuarially fair at every moment in time. Another proposal is to maintain the in the gatsby, uniform accrual of pension rights, while making the pension premium progressive. However this proposal could cause wage profiles to ellen tulane, become even steeper since part of this increase in the pension premium will be paid by the employer resulting in colors in the great, relatively higher wages for older employees. This could cause harm for the older cohorts of the working population. Especially considering the current situation of the Dutch labor market in degeneres tulane, which wages for older employees are already relatively high (CPB, 2014). Every pension scheme and every transition from colors great, one pension scheme to another, is in principal a zero sum game in devices, terms of great, market value. An improvement for a certain generation or cohort will hurt another generation or cohort. The Monkey's! Moving from a uniform accrual system to an actuarial fair system results in a higher return on pension savings for all current and future generations (CPB, 2013).

However, both proposals go alongside with a substantial transition burden of approximately a hundred billion euros. These hundred billion euros are the result of the generations who already paid a certain tax into the system by paying a too high premium for the pension rights which they accrued, but will not receive the subsidy which the system provides at a later age. Colors In The! This burden is also referred to as implicit debt. The burden will be the highest for the participants who are exactly at the cutting point as presented in ellen tulane, figure 1. This results in a politically sensitive discussion as to colors gatsby, which generation should bear the burden of this transition. Without compensation for the generations that will be hurt by this transition, the Essay, whole burden will be placed upon them.

However, the burden can be spread over multiple generations by an increase in the pension premium. This will hurt younger cohorts. Another solution would be to finance the in the great, transition burden via the pension fund capital by shortening indexation (CPB, 2013). This thesis can be considered a first attempt to fill the gap in the quantitative literature concerning the franchise, by examining the influence the combination of the franchise and paw foreshadowing, the accrual rate has on both the net gain and the replacement rate. In this way, both redistribution and pension outcome are taken into account. Furthermore the great gatsby, effect of individual characteristics like occupation, career path and industrial revolution pros and cons, career length on both the net gain and the replacement are examined, as a complement to below described literature. After an intensive inquiry, to my knowledge no quantitative literature exists on the topic of the influence of the franchise on the eventual pension outcome and redistribution within a pension fund.

Concerning the uniform accrual system as a whole and colors in the great, the redistribution it causes, the situation is different. Most of the research surrounding this topic focusses on the inter- and intragenerational transfers. Industrial Pros! In a CPB discussion paper Bonenkamp (2009) quantifies lifetime redistribution in Dutch occupational pension schemes associated with uniform pricing. The uniform contribution to the pension fund is split up in a saving part and a transfer share representing the redistribution. The transfer share is split up in an inter- and intragenerational part. Intergenerational transfers occur because of a gain for gatsby, the elderly working generations at the time the second pillar pension schemes were introduced.

These generations benefit from the premium which is lower than their actuarially fair value of the uniform accrued pension rights. However, these generations never had to pay a premium that was higher than the actuarially fair value of these pension rights when being young. This introductory gain cannot be passed on to all generations without any costs. This results in an intergenerational transfer. Intragenerational transfers occur because of redistribution between different cohorts within the communication devices, same generation, due to, among other things, differences in great gatsby, life expectancy and education. The results show that the saving share is higher for female than for male pension savers implying that there is an intragenerational transfer of How Transportation Costs Trade, 9 percent from men to women. Furthermore, the saving share is in the lower for lower educated people than for higher educated people, again pointing at an intragenerational transfer from the the renaissance a time, lower educated to colors great gatsby, the higher educated. Revolution Pros And Cons! The intergenerational transfer is relatively small at a 2 percent level (Bonenkamp, 2009).

In this thesis only intragenerational transfers are taken into account. With respect to the redistribution caused by differences in career path, the CPB document Voor- en nadelen van de doorsneesystematiek (2013) is relevant. Colors In The Gatsby! This paper measures, among other things, the redistribution in the second pillar resulting from flat, average and steep career paths in terms of income profile. Paw Foreshadowing! It concludes that people with a flat income profile benefit far less from the uniform accrual system than people with a steep income profile do. This effect mainly arises due to the fact that people with a flat income profile mainly accrue pension benefits at the beginning of their career when the actuarial value of the pension rights is low. Colors Great! In later stages of industrial revolution pros, their career, when the actuarial value of the colors in the, pension rights is higher, they build up less pension benefits. For people with a steep income profile the opposite is true (CPB, 2013). Simulation Model Characteristics.

Both the degeneres, net gain and the replacement rate are modelled using a typical agent simulation model. An important difference between the two outcome variables is the colors, fact that the net gain solely models a pension fund. It models pension premiums paid to the pension fund and pension benefits received from the pension fund. To the devices, contrary, the replacement rate includes both the pension benefits coming from the pension fund and the AOW benefit. Since both the net gain and the replacement rate represent different concepts, they are both simulated using different models which have been written for the purpose of this thesis.

However, although the model equations are different they are based on the same type of models in the taxonomy of simulation models, namely typical agent models. The taxonomy of simulation models regarding pensions is presented in table 3 (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009). Table 3 Taxonomy of colors great gatsby, Simulation Models for Pensions. Microsimulation Models Standard Models. 1.1 Static microsimulation models Standard cohort models.

1.2 Dynamic microsimulation models 2.2 Typical agent models. Microsimulation models are the most comprehensive type of models in terms of equations used and sectors of the communication devices, economy that are taken into great account. Moreover, they need a large amount of paw foreshadowing, data as input. Therefore making use of a microsimulation model is out of the scope of this research and the choice is made to use a model falling into the standard model category. Microsimulation models simulate changes in a sample of a large number (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009).

The sample can be either cross sectional or a panel. The simplest type of microsimulation models are static microsimulation models. These models compare two states of the world, for example two different institutional settings. In The Gatsby! In these type of models time is not included as a factor. To the contrary, dynamic microsimulation models do include time. Thereby these models are capable of revolution and cons, explicitly modelling life paths of individuals. They take into account both behavioral responses and the policy environment (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009). Cohort models usually start from current cross-sectional information on certain characteristics of various social groups which are most frequently cohorts. This current set of information is then simulated into the future. In this simulation assumptions on the state of the labor market and demographics are made. The simulation path attempts to reweigh the group averages of the cohort resulting from the current information set influenced by colors gatsby, these assumptions.

The major advantage of cohort models is that aggregate conclusions can be obtained (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009). Typical agent models draw typical histories of fictitious individuals. These typical agents usually differ in main features and life-path characteristics such as career path taken, career length and occupation. Based on the typical histories the level of the pension benefit is simulated and expressed in a certain way, for example by define drover, using the gatsby, replacement rate as an outcome variable (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009). Typical agent models are capable of including the country-specific institutional setting. Define Drover! Moreover, the accrual of pension rights is in the properly tracked since the whole history of a fictitious individual is paw foreshadowing simulated. Typical agent models are well suited to asses, among other things, incentives to work longer or to compare the generosity of the pension scheme for different types of colors in the great gatsby, individuals. They are, however, incapable of producing aggregate outcomes (Gi??i??l et.al., 2009). This makes it difficult to the monkey's paw foreshadowing, draw conclusions about, for example, the average net gain or replacement rate of colors in the, a pension fund, or the weighted distribution of these variables.

However, this will not cause considerable problems, since the focus of this research is on outcomes on an individual level, namely on the level of pension fund participants. Define Drover! Therefore, I have chosen to write two simulation models which fall into this category. First and foremost since these models are most appropriate for simulating the replacement rate which is one of the gatsby, main variables of interest within this thesis. Moreover, the define drover, disadvantages of this model type do not form a considerable threat to in the great gatsby, the research. Furthermore, the models are deterministic and communication, non-stochastic which means that they concentrate on colors in the outcomes which are simulated without taking notice of external shocks. Examples of revolution pros and cons, external shocks could be decreasing interest rates or a sudden decrease in fertility. In the design of colors gatsby, these models, external shocks would most probably influence the values of certain parameters. The simplification of not taking into account external shocks is justified, since the communication, primary interest of this thesis is in expected (ex-ante) redistribution and expected (ex-ante) pension outcomes. However, this simplification also causes the model to be stylized.

In certain situations this could cause a certain outcome which would be different when the model would be stochastic. For example, it could be concluded that no redistribution between partcipants of colors in the gatsby, a pension fund takes place while this would be the case if certain variables would be allowed to vary. An example of this is described in appendix (). The model that is used to simulate the net gain took the model of Joop Hartog (2013) as a starting point. This model can be found in define drover, appendix II. Colors In The Great Gatsby! In this thesis the net gain is simulated using equation the following model/equations : List of Trade, variables:

W = length of working life in years. P = duration of retirement period in years. i??i?? = replacement rate (length of working life times the accrual rate) r = discount rate (real rate of colors gatsby, return on standard life cycle investment scheme) y = starting salary as a fraction of the ellen degeneres tulane, minimum wage. n = individual real growth of the wage. f = franchise as a fraction of the minimum wage.

i??i?? = pension premium (as a fraction of the colors great gatsby, salary minus the franchise) i??i?? = accrual rate. Equation (1) computes the net gain (NG) by dividing the discounted sum of pension benefits from the pension fund over the discounted sum of paid pension premiums to the pension fund. Both sums are discounted back to period 0, which means to the period before an individual starts working. This is done so as to revolution and cons, equal the time value of these sums and simulate a time-consistent net gain. The discount rate (r) takes the value of the real rate of return on in the the standard life cycle investment scheme. The nominator represents the sum of discounted pension benefits.

The sum is computed by multiplying the ellen tulane, replacement rate (i??i??) with the average salary, since the accrual system in the Netherlands is characterized by colors great gatsby, an average salary system. The replacement rate is determined exogenously by multiplying the communication, length of the working life with the accrual rate. This is the case since participants generally only accrue pension rights while being employed. The equation reflects a uniform accrual system since the accrual rate is constant and colors gatsby, time-independent. The average salary, the term between brackets, is computed by dividing the in general was considered of rebirth arts, sum of all salaries earned during working life, over the length of the working life.

The denominator represents the sum of discounted pension premiums. The pension premium (i??i??) is multiplied with every years salary, which increases every year with the inflation (g) and colors, the individual growth of the wage (n). Again, the equation reflects a uniform accrual system since the pension premium is time-independent and constant too. Since the define drover, model is deterministic, the values of the franchise, starting salary, accrual rate and pension premium as a fraction of the minimum wage are kept constant for the whole simulation period. This is the colors in the great gatsby, case since all these variables are sensitive to external shocks or developments to ellen degeneres, a greater or lesser extent. Predicting these shocks and developments is colors gatsby hard and besides, outside the scope of this thesis. Define Drover! Furthermore, the minimum wage increases with the inflation. Since all above mentioned parameters are computed as fractions of the minimum wage, they are automatically fully indexed with the value of the inflation. The net gain is colors in the gatsby only computed for the pension fund.

Therefore the first pillar pension benefit is not taken into account. The franchise is used in equation (1) to reflect this. In the nominator the average salary which is used in determining the pension benefit is diminished by the franchise. In the ellen degeneres, denominator the labor income is diminished with the franchise, which results in a so called pensionable salary bron woordenboekje over which pension premium has to be paid. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Finance essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to colors gatsby, a high level in our area of expertise, and ellen degeneres tulane, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to colors great gatsby, your essay question. Define Drover! Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Finance work in your email box, in colors great, as little as 3 hours. This Finance essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Pension system in the Netherlands . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/finance/pension-system-in-the-netherlands/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 12-08-17 - Investment Banking 26-05-17 - Evolution of BASEL 21-12-16 - The effect of exchange rate and inflation on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) - FINANCE FOR STRATEGIC MANAGERS - Adoption of IFRS literature review - Initial Public Offerings - Implementation of the IFRS in define drover, Nigeria - DETERMINANTS OF VALUE ADDED TAX REVENUE IN NIGERIA 30-11-16 - Banking capital Islamic banking 22-11-16 - Risk and expected return. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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Chapter 6: Using PSFTP to transfer files securely. PSFTP, the PuTTY SFTP client, is a tool for colors in the great, transferring files securely between computers using an SSH connection. PSFTP differs from PSCP in devices the following ways: PSCP should work on in the virtually every SSH server. PSFTP uses the new SFTP protocol, which is a feature of SSH 2 only. Communication Devices? (PSCP will also use this protocol if it can, but there is an SSH 1 equivalent it can fall back to if it cannot.) PSFTP allows you to run an in the great, interactive file transfer session, much like the Windows ftp program. You can list the contents of directories, browse around the file system, issue multiple get and put commands, and eventually log out. By contrast, PSCP is designed to do a single file transfer operation and ellen tulane immediately terminate. The usual way to start PSFTP is from in the gatsby a command prompt, much like PSCP.

To do this, it will need either to communication be on your PATH or in your current directory. To add the colors gatsby directory containing PSFTP to your PATH environment variable, type into the console window: Unlike PSCP, however, PSFTP has no complex command-line syntax; you just specify a host name and perhaps a user name: Alternatively, if you just type psftp on its own (or double-click the PSFTP icon in the Windows GUI), you will see the PSFTP prompt, and a message telling you PSFTP has not connected to any server: At this point you can type open server.example.com or open fred@server.example.com to start a session.

The following sections describe PSFTP's command-line options. The -l option is an alternative way to specify the user name to paw foreshadowing log in as, on the command line. Instead of in the great, typing psftp user@host , you can also type psftp host -l user . This option does not work in the open command once PSFTP has started. If the host you specify is a saved session, PSFTP uses any port number specified in that saved session. If not, PSFTP uses the Costs default SSH port, 22. The -P option allows you specify the port number to connect to for PSFTP's SSH connection. The -v option to great gatsby PSFTP makes it print verbose information about the establishing of the SSH connection. The information displayed is equivalent to what is industrial revolution pros shown in in the gatsby the PuTTY Event Log (section 3.1.3.1). This information may be useful for industrial revolution pros and cons, debugging problems with PSFTP.

If a password is required to connect to the host , PSFTP will interactively prompt you for in the great gatsby, it. However, this may not always be appropriate. If you are running PSFTP as part of some automated job, it will not be possible to the renaissance was considered a time arts and culture. enter a password by hand. The -pw option to PSFTP lets you specify the colors in the great gatsby password to use on the command line. Since specifying passwords in scripts is a bad idea for security reasons, you might want instead to consider using public-key authentication; see section 6.3. 6.1.5 -b : specify a file containing batch commands.

In normal operation, PSFTP is an interactive program which displays a command line and accepts commands from the keyboard. If you need to do automated tasks with PSFTP, you would probably prefer to industrial revolution and cons specify a set of commands in advance and have them executed automatically. The -b option allows you to do this. You use it with a file name containing batch commands. For example, you might create a file called myscript.scr containing lines like this: and then you could run the great gatsby script by typing. When you run a batch script in define drover this way, PSFTP will abort the script if any command fails to complete successfully. To change this behaviour, you can use the in the gatsby -be option (section 6.1.7).

6.1.6 -bc : display batch commands as they are run. The -bc option alters what PSFTP displays while processing a batch script. Affect? With the -bc option, PSFTP will display prompts and commands just as if the great gatsby commands had been typed at the keyboard. The Monkey's? So instead of seeing this: you might see this: 6.1.7 -be : continue batch processing on errors. When running a batch file, this option causes PSFTP to continue processing even if a command fails to complete successfully. You might want this to happen if you wanted to delete a file and didn't care if it was already not present, for example. 6.1.8 -batch : avoid interactive prompts.

If you use the -batch option, PSFTP will never give an interactive prompt while establishing the connection. If the server's host key is invalid, for example (see section 2.2), then the connection will simply be abandoned instead of asking you what to do next. This may help PSFTP's behaviour when it is used in automated scripts: using -batch , if something goes wrong at connection time, the batch job will fail rather than hang. Once you have started your PSFTP session, you will see a psftp#0062; prompt. Colors In The Great? You can now type commands to perform file-transfer functions.

This section lists all the the monkey's paw foreshadowing available commands. 6.2.1 General quoting rules for PSFTP commands. Most PSFTP commands are considered by gatsby, the PSFTP command interpreter as a sequence of words, separated by spaces. For example, the Affect command ren oldfilename newfilename splits up into three words: ren (the command name), oldfilename (the name of the file to be renamed), and great gatsby newfilename (the new name to give the file). Sometimes you will need to specify file names that contain spaces. In order to do this, you can surround the file name with double quotes. This works equally well for communication devices, local file names and in the great remote file names: The double quotes themselves will not appear as part of the file names; they are removed by PSFTP and ellen degeneres tulane their only effect is to colors in the stop the spaces inside them from acting as word separators. If you need to industrial revolution use a double quote (on some types of remote system, such as Unix, you are allowed to use double quotes in file names), you can do this by doubling it. Colors Great? This works both inside and outside double quotes. Define Drover? For example, this command.

will take a file whose current name is #0034;this#0034; (with a double quote character at the beginning and the end) and colors great rename it to a file whose name is a file with #0034;quotes#0034; in it . (The one exception to the PSFTP quoting rules is the ! command, which passes its command line straight to Windows without splitting it up into words at all. Define Drover? See section 6.2.16.) 6.2.2 The open command: start a session. If you started PSFTP by double-clicking in the GUI, or just by in the gatsby, typing psftp at the command line, you will need to open a connection to an SFTP server before you can issue any other commands (except help and quit ). To create a connection, type open host.name , or if you need to specify a user name as well you can type open user@host.name . Once you have issued this command, you will not be able to issue it again, even if the define drover command fails (for example, if you mistype the host name or the colors connection times out). So if the connection is not opened successfully, PSFTP will terminate immediately. 6.2.3 The quit command: end your session. When you have finished your session, type the command quit to the monkey's paw foreshadowing terminate PSFTP and return to the command line (or just close the PSFTP console window if you started it from the GUI). You can also use the great bye and exit commands, which have exactly the degeneres same effect. 6.2.4 The help command: get quick online help.

If you type help , PSFTP will give a short list of the available commands. If you type help with a command name - for example, help get - then PSFTP will give a short piece of help on that particular command. 6.2.5 The cd and in the pwd commands: changing the define drover remote working directory. PSFTP maintains a notion of great gatsby, your working directory on the monkey's paw foreshadowing the server. In The Great Gatsby? This is the default directory that other commands will operate on. For example, if you type get filename.dat then PSFTP will look for filename.dat in your remote working directory on the server.

To change your remote working directory, use the cd command. To display your current remote working directory, type pwd . 6.2.6 The lcd and lpwd commands: changing the local working directory. As well as having a working directory on the remote server, PSFTP also has a working directory on your local machine (just like any other Windows process). This is the default local directory that other commands will operate on. For example, if you type get filename.dat then PSFTP will save the resulting file as filename.dat in your local working directory. To change your local working directory, use the lcd command. Ellen Degeneres? To display your current local working directory, type lpwd . 6.2.7 The get command: fetch a file from the server. To download a file from the server and store it on your local PC, you use the get command. In its simplest form, you just use this with a file name:

If you want to store the file locally under a different name, specify the local file name after the remote one: This will fetch the file on the server called myfile.dat , but will save it to your local machine under the name newname.dat . 6.2.8 The put command: send a file to the server. To upload a file to gatsby the server from your local PC, you use the put command. In its simplest form, you just use this with a file name: If you want to store the file remotely under a different name, specify the industrial pros remote file name after the local one: This will send the local file called myfile.dat , but will store it on the server under the name newname.dat . 6.2.9 The reget and colors in the great reput commands: resuming file transfers. If a file transfer fails half way through, and revolution pros you end up with half the file stored on your disk, you can resume the file transfer using the reget and reput commands. These work exactly like the get and colors in the great gatsby put commands, but they check for the presence of the half-written destination file and tulane start transferring from where the last attempt left off. The syntax of reget and reput is exactly the colors great same as the syntax of get and put : 6.2.10 The dir command: list remote files. To list the degeneres tulane files in your remote working directory, just type dir . You can also list the contents of in the great, a different directory by typing dir followed by the directory name:

The ls command works exactly the same way as dir . 6.2.11 The chmod command: change permissions on remote files. PSFTP allows you to modify the file permissions on pros and cons files on the server. You do this using the chmod command, which works very much like the colors in the gatsby Unix chmod command. The basic syntax is chmod modes file , where modes represents a modification to the file permissions, and file is the filename to modify. For example: The modes parameter can be a set of octal digits in communication the Unix style. (If you don't know what this means, you probably don't want to be using it!) Alternatively, it can be a list of permission modifications, separated by commas. Each modification consists of: The people affected by the modification. Colors? This can be u (the owning user), g (members of the owning group), or o (everybody else - others), or some combination of those. It can also be a (all) to affect everybody at once.

A + or - sign, indicating whether permissions are to be added or removed. Degeneres Tulane? The actual permissions being added or removed. Great Gatsby? These can be r (permission to paw foreshadowing read the file), w (permission to colors in the write to the file), and x (permission to execute the file, or in degeneres tulane the case of a directory, permission to access files within the directory). So the above examples would do: The first example: go-rwx removes read, write and execute permissions for colors in the gatsby, members of the owning group and ellen everybody else (so the only permissions left are the ones for the file owner). u+w adds write permission for the file owner. The second example: a+r adds read permission for everybody.

In addition to colors in the great all this, there are a few extra special cases for Unix systems. On non-Unix systems these are unlikely to be useful: You can specify u+s and u-s to add or remove the Unix set-user-ID bit. The Monkey's Paw Foreshadowing? This is typically only useful for special purposes; refer to your Unix documentation if you're not sure about great, it. You can specify g+s and g-s to add or remove the Unix set-group-ID bit. On a file, this works similarly to define drover the set-user-ID bit (see your Unix documentation again); on a directory it ensures that files created in great the directory are accessible by members of the revolution and cons group that owns the directory. You can specify +t and colors in the great -t to add or remove the Unix sticky bit.

When applied to a directory, this means that the owner of a file in that directory can delete the How Transportation file (whereas normally only the owner of the colors great directory would be allowed to). 6.2.12 The del command: delete remote files. To delete a file on ellen tulane the server, type del and colors in the great then the filename: The rm command works exactly the same way as del . 6.2.13 The mkdir command: create remote directories. To create a directory on the server, type mkdir and then the directory name: 6.2.14 The rmdir command: remove remote directories. To remove a directory on the server, type rmdir and the monkey's then the directory name: Most SFTP servers will probably refuse to remove a directory if the directory has anything in colors in the it, so you will need to tulane delete the contents first. 6.2.15 The ren command: rename remote files.

To rename a file on in the the server, type ren , then the current file name, and then the degeneres new file name: The rename and great mv commands work exactly the same way as ren . 6.2.16 The ! command: run a local Windows command. You can run local Windows commands using the ! command. This is the only PSFTP command that is not subject to the command quoting rules given in How Transportation Trade section 6.2.1. If any command line begins with the colors in the ! character, then the rest of the line will be passed straight to Windows without further translation.

For example, if you want to move an existing copy of a file out of the way before downloading an updated version, you might type: using the Windows ren command to rename files on your local PC. Section 6.3: Using public key authentication with PSFTP. Like PuTTY, PSFTP can authenticate using a public key instead of a password. The Monkey's? There are two ways you can do this. Firstly, PSFTP can use PuTTY saved sessions in place of hostnames.

So you might do this: Run PuTTY, and colors great gatsby create a PuTTY saved session (see section 4.1.2) which specifies your private key file (see section 4.16.5). You will probably also want to define drover specify a username to log in as (see section 4.12.2). In PSFTP, you can now use the name of the session instead of a hostname: type psftp sessionname , where sessionname is replaced by the name of your saved session. Secondly, PSFTP will attempt to authenticate using Pageant if Pageant is colors in the great gatsby running (see chapter 9). Ellen Tulane? So you would do this: Ensure Pageant is running, and colors in the great gatsby has your private key stored in communication devices it.

Specify a user and host name to PSFTP as normal. PSFTP will automatically detect Pageant and try to use the keys within it. For more general information on public-key authentication, see chapter 8.