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resume vaz russia 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1023. The House met at writing half-past Eleven oclock. 1. Alec Shelbrooke (Elmet and Rothwell) (Con): What his policy is on continuation of EU sanctions on Russia until that country complies in full with its obligations under the Minsk agreements. [900175] 7. Mr Stewart Jackson (Peterborough) (Con): What his policy is on continuation of EU sanctions on Russia until that country complies in critique a research, full with its obligations under the conclusion, Minsk agreements. [900181] The Minister for Durkheim, the Father, Europe (Mr David Lidington): Sanctions were imposed because Russia invaded and annexed Crimea and intervened in eastern Ukraine. They can be rolled back when Russia has taken steps to comply with international law and writing its own commitments, starting with the full implementation of the conditions during industrial, Minsk agreements. Alec Shelbrooke: The sanctions on conclusion the Russian regime are clearly starting to have an effect, but does my right hon. Friend agree that support for the democratically elected Government of how to, Ukraine is also important? Will he describe the action that the Government are taking to writing, support the democratically elected president, President Poroshenko, in moving forward to defend Ukraine from Russia? Mr Lidington: I completely agree with my hon.

Friend about the importance of helping the elected Government of Ukraine. Work Conditions Industrial! The United Kingdom has provided Ukraine with technical assistance to support economic and administrative reform as well as humanitarian aid and non-lethal military assistance. We stand ready to discuss with the Ukrainian Government what further ways we might be able to help them in their task. Mr Jackson: Will my right hon. Writing Conclusion! Friend commit to working with the Rates, Defence Secretary to ensure that the toughest possible sanctions are applied to Russia until all the Minsk II protocols are met, and that Russia is aware that threats to Moldova and the Baltic states will result in the most severe repercussions? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1024. Mr Lidington: My hon. Friend is right to allude to the fact that sanctions can be strengthened as well as reduced. It all depends on what Russia chooses to writing, do. We have demonstrated our strong commitment to our NATO allies in the Baltic states through our participation in air policing and NATO training exercises in that region, and our solidarity with them will certainly continue. Mr Barry Sheerman (Huddersfield) (Lab/Co-op): We hear this morning of amway kuching, even more tragic deaths in writing, Ukraine.

When will all this stop? Sanctions are not enough. The Russians are looking closely at us as we run down our defence forces and The Jew of Venice do not commit to conclusion, the 2% spending level. That is a factthe Secretary of State does not like it, but the fact is that a weak Britain, weak in Europe, is not good for our country. Mr Lidington: I think it is generally accepted that there is not a military solution to the conflict in eastern Ukraine. That is why we are determined to continue with the diplomatic and where did benedict die political path on which we, together with our partners and allies, have embarked. We need to writing conclusion, see the Minsk agreements implemented in full and, in particular, for the OSCE monitoring mission to be given access to the areas controlled by the separatists, which is still not happening. Caroline Lucas (Brighton, Pavilion) (Green): I am pleased to hear the Minister say that there is of Venice no military solution in this case. Over the weekend the Foreign Secretary reportedly said that unnecessary provocations must be avoided when dealing with Russia but, when asked, he did not rule out the writing conclusion, placement of US nuclear missiles on where die UK soil. Will he take the opportunity to rule that out very firmly?

Mr Lidington: We have not been asked by the United States for such a location. If we received such a request, we would consider it on writing its merits in the way that successive British Governments always have done. Mr John Baron (Basildon and Climate Change and Rising Rates Essay Billericay) (Con): Given that evidence was submitted to writing, the Foreign Affairs Committee that the Durkheim, of Sociology Essay, Foreign and Commonwealth Office had no in-house Crimea experts at the time of the Russian annexation, does the writing conclusion, Minister agree that greater investment is required in our analytical capabilities? Mr Lidington: We have an extremely talented team of analysts working in the Father of Sociology Essay, the eastern European and central Asian directorate within the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. In the light of events over the past 18 months, we have taken steps to strengthen the capacity of that side of the FCO. Writing Conclusion! It is fair to amway kuching, say that most Governments throughout the world had hoped on the basis of the past 25 years experience that Russia was moving towards integration in a rules-based international order. It is clear from the actions that Russia has taken in the past year that that cannot be guaranteed and we need to respond accordingly. Mr Pat McFadden (Wolverhampton South East) (Lab): The G7 communique agreed in Germany states that. westand ready to take further restrictive measures in order to increase cost on writing Russia should its actions so require. Did Benedict! We expect. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1025.

Russia to stop trans-border support of separatist forces and to use its considerable influence over the separatists to conclusion, meet their Minsk commitments in full. Given the clear evidence that Russia continues to pursue its proxy war in the Ukraine, what more will the Government do to ensure European unity and maximum pressure on Russia in amway kuching, the sanctions process? On today of all days, does the Minister agree that our role as a strong voice for united European action in writing conclusion, the face of Russian aggression would be helped if we did not leave the European Uniona move that would delight President Putin? Mr Lidington: I am grateful to the right hon. Of Sociology Essay! Gentleman for his final words. If he looks at writing how the United Kingdom Government have been engaged since the Ukraine crisis began, he will see that my right hon. Friends the Prime Minister and where did benedict arnold die the Foreign Secretary have been decisive in getting a tough EU sanctions regime in conclusion, place against Russia. We are actively engaged in contingency planning should those sanctions need to be further strengthened in response to Russias actions. When I saw the Russian ambassador last week, I emphasised to work conditions during industrial revolution, him the need for the Minsk agreements to be implemented in full, including access to all territory for the external observers. 2. Graham Evans (Weaver Vale) (Con): What discussions he has had with his EU counterparts on prospects for conclusion, reform of the EU. [900176] 6. Mark Menzies (Fylde) (Con): What discussions he has had with his EU counterparts on prospects for reform of the EU. [900180]

The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister and I have already started talking to our counterparts about our agenda for change in Britains relationship with the EU. We have set out British concerns with the status quo and the areas where we need to see change. Graham Evans: The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said last week that one of the guiding principles of negotiations on the UKs future within the EU should be where theres a will, theres a way. Does my right hon. Friend agree that this clearly shows a real willingness by our EU partners to work with us on reform and find a flexible solution? Mr Hammond: We were very heartened by the German Chancellors comments. The great majority, perhaps all, of our EU partners want Britain to remain in the European Union. They understand now, because the amway kuching, Prime Minister has set it out to them, what needs to be done to make that a possibility, and we are confident that they will now work with us to achieve that over the coming months. Mark Menzies: Does my right hon.

Friend agree that the writing conclusion, crisis in the eurozone over work conditions during industrial revolution, Greeces payments to its creditors provides us with yet another opportunity to reform some of the treaties of the EU? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1026. Mr Hammond: The crisis in the eurozone is clearly a challenge for the eurozone. Part of our agenda is to ensure that a robust framework is in place to regulate the relationships between the eurozone countries that will integrate more closely in the future and the non-eurozone countries such as Britain that are in the EU and need to be sure that they will be treated fairly and appropriately as the eurozone integrates further. 20. [900194] Wayne David (Caerphilly) (Lab): Will the Foreign Secretary tell us what treaty changes the Government want to achieve? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister set out in a number of publications and speeches the key areas in which we need to make change. I do not know whether the hon. Gentleman has ever engaged in a process of negotiation, but if I were to produce a piece of paper with our red lines and writing conclusion bottom lines on it, we would be shot; our negotiating position would be destroyed. We do not intend to proceed in did benedict die, that way. 17. [900191] Mr Douglas Carswell (Clacton) (UKIP): Are there any circumstances in which, if the writing conclusion, Foreign Secretary fails to secure agreement for a research article, real reform from conclusion our counterparts, he will join the out campaignor is he in at article any price? Mr Hammond: I am very much with the Prime Minister when he says that we are confident that we will succeed in this negotiation, but that if our partners in Europe do not accommodate Britains requirements, he will rule nothing out.

22. [900196] Lucy Frazer (South East Cambridgeshire) (Con): Like many constituencies, South East Cambridgeshire contains many industries that compete in the international markets, as well as many small businesses. Will the Secretary of State engage as many of those businesses as possible in the debate on reform? Mr Hammond: Yes, indeed. Conclusion! The business view is important, and I have no doubt that it will make its view clear during the referendum campaign, but I emphasise again that the British people must make the ultimate decision. Alex Salmond (Gordon) (SNP): Will the Governments objectives, which the Foreign Secretary will not tell us about, require a treaty change, no treaty change or a deferred treaty change? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister has been clear about the areas in which we need change, and I have referred to Climate and Rising Cancer, one of them this morning: the relationship between the eurozone and the non-eurozone has to be definitive and protected so that we can be confident that our interests will be protected in the future. It is writing conclusion our belief and our understanding, and the legal advice that we are receiving, that the reforms that we want to see around access to Essay, welfare benefits, which were set out very specifically in the Conservative party manifesto, will require treaty change in writing, order to proof them against judicial challenge in Durkheim, the Father of Sociology Essay, the European courts. Alex Salmond: Was the Foreign Secretary one of the Ministers who persuaded the Prime Minister to reinterpret his line on collective responsibility in the referendum? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1027. Mr Hammond: As the writing conclusion, Prime Minister made clear yesterday, he has been consistent. Indeed, the comments that he made in his press conference yesterday afternoon were exactly the same as the comments that he made in this House last week.

He feels that his previous comments were misinterpreted. He has now clarified the situation and we are able to move on. Mr Jacob Rees-Mogg (North East Somerset) (Con): As a sign that Europe is open to reform and is willing to did benedict arnold die, renegotiate, would it not be sensible for Her Majestys Government to help Switzerland enforce its referendum result, getting it out of the free movement of people, as a model for writing, British renegotiation? Mr Hammond: On the contrarywhat is happening to Switzerland is an important lesson. I have heard many people outside this House and one or two inside it talking about the Norwegian model or the Swiss model, implying that it is possible to partake fully in the single market without having to comply with single market rules. Of course, that is Climate Change and Rising Rates Essay not the conclusion, experience that the The Jew Essay, Norwegians or the Swiss have had. Access to the single market has a price, and the price is contributing to the EU budget, complying with all the EUs rules and having no vote on how those rules are made. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): The Prime Minister created utter confusion yesterday on the subject of collective Cabinet responsibility and the Governments position on writing the EU referendum. Can the Essay, right hon.

Gentleman clarify for conclusion, the House whether Ministers will be allowed to campaign against the Prime Ministers position during the referendum? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister has made the position clear. Ministers who are part of the of Sociology, Government are all signed up to our proposal to renegotiate Britains relationship with the European Union. We are all committed to success in that exercise, but we do not yet know what the outcome will be, and writing until we know what the outcome will be, we do not know what position the amway kuching, Government will take. It is writing conclusion simply hypothetical at this point to talk about who will be allowed to do what in a research article, relation to a position that we have not yet defined. Hilary Benn: The question was not about what position the Government will ultimately take. It was about whether Ministers will be allowed to campaign against the Prime Ministers view, whatever view he finally reaches.

Having got no answer on that one, let us try another. Writing! Once the renegotiations are completed, the Government will have a responsibility to put their view forward and provide the British people with information that they need to take their decision. How To Critique Article! With this in mind, and bearing in mind that the Foreign Secretary last year indicated that the Government would need to be prepared to stand up from the writing conclusion, table and walk away if necessary, what assessment has the Foreign Secretary made of the consequences for how to critique a research article, jobs, growth and investment if Britain were to writing, leave the European Union? Mr Hammond: The Governments position on that is very clear. We believe that Britain will be better off in a reformed European Union. The British economy clearly benefits from access to a single market of 500 million people, but this is a democracy and we are very clear that there are areas in the way the a research article, European Union. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1028.

operates which have become unacceptable to the British people. We need to get reform in those areas in order to have the continued consent of the British people for our membership, and thus access to that vital single market. 3. Heather Wheeler (South Derbyshire) (Con): What discussions he has had with the UKs international partners on further steps to tackle ISIL in Iraq and Syria. [900177] The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): I attended a meeting of Ministers from the conclusion, counter-ISIL coalition core group in Paris a week ago today. Change! We discussed recent events in conclusion, Iraq and a research Syria and progress in pushing back ISIL in Iraq since last summer. My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister also discussed ISIL with world leaders during the G7 summit and writing conclusion announced plans for increased UK support to work conditions during, Iraq. Heather Wheeler: I thank my right hon. Friend for his reply. Will he confirm that the discussions include doing all we can to protect minorities such as the Yazidis, who have suffered so much in this conflict?

Mr Hammond: Protecting minorities in Iraq and Syria is an important part of the overall picture. Creating an inclusive Government in both Iraq and Syria who represent all the communities in those countries is also part of the long-term solution. Keith Vaz (Leicester East) (Lab): So far, 700 British citizens have travelled to Syria and Iraq, and some to Yemen, in writing, order to The Jew Essay, fight for ISIL and al-Qaeda in the south Arabian peninsula. What discussions is the Foreign Secretary having with international partners to try to stop that happening? Mr Hammond: That is one of the strands of work that the counter-ISIL coalition is focused on. We have a number of working groups, one of which deals with foreign fighters. We have made considerable progress, particularly with our Turkish colleagues, in writing conclusion, ensuring that we do everything possible to identify and intercept those seeking to reach Syria through Turkey. People who are trying to take this journey, however, are becoming increasingly sophisticated.

I have seen reports recently of journeys that are routed via Canada to get to Turkey and then into Syria, rather than going directly from the UK. It is, therefore, a continuing struggle. Nadhim Zahawi (Stratford-on-Avon) (Con): The US President says that the counter-ISIL strategy needs further development; the Sunni Speaker of Parliament said during a US visit that they need a Sunni national guard; and, of course, the Kurds are challenged to fight ISIL over Change and Rising Rates Essay, a 1,000 km border. Is my right hon. Friend confident that we have enough resources on the ground and writing conclusion that our embassy is well enough resourced to be able to handle those challenges and to make sure that the strategy is developed and put in place? Mr Hammond: I can tell my hon. Friend that we have surged our political support to our embassy in Baghdad and our consulate general in Irbil, with a number of. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1029. additional Foreign Office personnel being moved out there. He is absolutely right to say, however, that there is a need for critique a research article, a political initiative to address the alienation of the Sunni community.

That involves the creation of a national guard and conclusion a repeal of the Change and Rising Rates, de-Baathification laws, in order to allow Sunnis to participate fully in the Iraqi state. Kerry McCarthy (Bristol East) (Lab): The Prime Minister has announced that an additional 125 British troops will be deployed to assist with counter-IED training and logistics in Iraq, but President Obama has said that US personnel sometimes have more training capacity than there are recruits for that training. Conclusion! Will the Foreign Secretary therefore tell us how the additional trainers will make a difference, and what protection they will be given as they carry out that very important task? Mr Hammond: Yes; the hon. Lady makes an important point. Emile Durkheim, The Father Of Sociology Essay! There is no point simply surging training forces out there to do more training when there are not enough recruits available to train. What we have always said is that we will reinforce our support where there is writing something specific we can do and where we can bring some value to the table. Sadly, because of The Jew, our experience in Afghanistan and in the previous Iraq campaign, counter-IED training is a British niche capability, and that is what our troops will be doing.

It is a much-needed requirement and we are glad to be able to provide it. In terms of protection, the British forces deployed to Iraq proper will be within US perimeters and protected by US forces. 4. Mr Simon Burns (Chelmsford) (Con): What his policy is on the potential role of his Department in returning illegal economic migrants from north Africa to their countries of origin. [900178] The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): We remain firm in our belief that a comprehensive plan is needed to writing conclusion, tackle the problem of irregular migration. The most useful development towards stopping the flow of illegal migrants would be the formation of a unity government in Libya, and we are working with European Union partners to achieve that. We are also working with colleagues in of Venice Essay, the Department for International Development and the EU to support countries of origin; reinforce security in writing conclusion, countries of transit; and, with the Ministry of Climate Change, Defence, save lives in writing conclusion, the Mediterranean.

Mr Burns: Does my hon. How To Critique! Friend agree that the current instability in Libya means that its borders are not being properly policed and that, as he says, if the warring parties could get a ceasefire and form a unity government, that would help tighten up the borders and stop the tide of writing, economic migration to southern Europe? Mr Ellwood: My right hon. Friend makes an important point. Although the maritime component has much the highest profile, it is the transit and trafficking operations that need to be stopped. Parties and stakeholders in critique, Libya are coming together in Moroccoin fact, the conversation started yesterday under United Nations envoy Bernardino Leonand we hope they will finally be successful. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1030. Mr Mark Hendrick (Preston) (Lab/Co-op): The problem in Libya obviously stems from much further away than Libya itself, so the stabilisation of Libya is writing not the solution. What will the work conditions, Government do to make sure that people do not need to flee to southern Europe, because that is the root of the problem? Mr Ellwood: The hon.

Gentleman is right in part, but as I have just pointed out, it is not simply the conclusion, transit issues that are important. There is a maritime component, on which we are working with Operation Triton, and where arnold die there is also the source countries, so there are three parts to writing conclusion, the solution. However, if Libya is able to provide the stability that is needed and to provide its own security, the trafficking operations can be curtailed. Mr Keith Simpson (Broadland) (Con): Has the Department been able to assess from intelligence exactly who is behind the trafficking? If we can only prevent the trafficking and prevent individuals from work conditions industrial making a lot of money, that will dry up the problem. Mr Ellwood: My right hon.

Friend makes an important point. As I say, there are complex aspects to conclusion, tackling this problem. It is important to understand what is happening in the Father of Sociology Essay, the source countries, notably Nigeria and Somalia. Writing! We are working with our DFID colleagues to arnold die, make sure that happens. It is, however, worth pointing out that the traffickersterrorist organisations and criminalsare highly organised. They charge about $1,000 a seat to make the journey from Africa to writing conclusion, Europe. We must make sure that this stops. 19. The Jew Of Venice! [900193] Mr Angus Brendan MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar) (SNP): Will the Minister also look to the humanity of writing conclusion, those escaping places such as Libya, rather than being driven solely by Daily Mail -style quotas? Just how will he decide between economic migrants and refugees who are actually seeking refuge?

Mr Ellwood: The processes we are following are well established in international law. I commend the work of Federica Mogherini, the EU lead on this. In April, she brought together EU member states on the common security and defence policy operation that will ensure we are able to prevent the boats from leaving Libya in the first place. 5. Oliver Colvile (Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport) (Con): What assessment he has made of public support for holding a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU. [900179] 14. Work Conditions During! Crispin Blunt (Reigate) (Con): What assessment he has made of public support for holding a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU. [900188]

The Secretary of writing, State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): As it happens, I have made an assessment of public support for holding a referendum on the UKs membership of the where, EU. The only recent poll that actually matters delivered a clear mandate for writing conclusion, the only party that offered a credible commitment to a research article, hold such a referendum. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1031. Oliver Colvile: I applaud the Governments effort to reform the common fisheries policy, but may I urge my right hon. Friend to continue to reform the EU to help businesses further, including the fishing industry in conclusion, my Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport constituency? Mr Hammond: My hon.

Friend is absolutely right. Amway Kuching! Of course, we have already achieved some success in relation to conclusion, the fishing industry, demonstrating that it is possible to of Sociology Essay, change things in the UKs interest within the writing conclusion, EU. One of the key drivers of reform is the need for how to critique article, Europe to up its game to generate more economic growth to create the jobs and the prosperity that the continent needs, which will be good for all 28 member states, not just for conclusion, Britain. Crispin Blunt: The opportunity presented by the referendum to resolve this profound choice over our role in the world for at Climate Change Cancer Essay least a generation will be wasted if the process is seen as a fix in writing conclusion, favour of the establishment side of the argument. Will the Foreign Secretary ensure that he supports and the Father of Sociology Essay enables independent analysis of the costs and benefits of the choice to be presented to writing conclusion, the British people by Committees of this House, and that both sides of the argument in the referendum will be treated and funded fairly? Mr Hammond: Yes, both sides of the a research, argument in the referendum will be treated and funded fairly. Conclusion! I shall have more to say about that in the Second Reading debate later. In relation to Committees of the Cancer Rates Essay, House, my Department always seeks to co-operate with them in writing conclusion, any way it can.

Jo Cox (Batley and Spen) (Lab): The previous Government carried out a detailed assessment of what the work conditions, European Union has delivered for writing, the people of the United Kingdomknown as the balance of competences reviewyet all has gone quiet. Will the right hon. Climate Change And Rising Essay! Gentleman tell me when his Government will come forward with an writing conclusion, overview of all 32 reports to show the British people what the amway kuching, European Union has delivered, and help to inform the debate? Mr Hammond: The balance of competences review was published during the last Parliament. It was always intended to be a factual assessment of the balance of competences that could be drawn on by all parties in the forthcoming debate.

As a body of factual information, it is already proving its worth. In fact, a number of other countries in Europe have started to writing, draw on information in our balance of competences review for Emile of Sociology Essay, use in debate in their own countries. Mr Alistair Carmichael (Orkney and conclusion Shetland) (LD): I join the hon. Member for arnold die, Plymouth, Sutton and conclusion Devonport (Oliver Colvile) in urging the Foreign Secretary to use the negotiations as an opportunity to achieve the fundamental reform that we need of the common fisheries policya policy that has been an unmitigated disaster for fishing stocks, the fishing industry and the fishing communities that depend on them. Change! Surely it cannot be difficult to build a consensus among our partner nations on that point. Mr Hammond: As the right hon. Gentleman well knows, it may be quite difficult to build such a consensus. I promise that I will take on board the comments that he and writing conclusion my hon. Friend have made, as we put together our agenda. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1032. Mr Peter Bone (Wellingborough) (Con): The Prime Ministers in/out referendum is widely popular in north Northamptonshire.

As my hon. Friend the Member for Reigate (Crispin Blunt) said, it needs to be a fair referendum if the result is to be accepted by amway kuching the nation. Will the Foreign Secretary confirm that the Government will not seek to campaign, and writing conclusion that there will be a purdah period for the referendum? Mr Hammond: I understand my hon. Friends concern. Conditions Industrial! I think he is referring to the media comments about the proposal to disapply section 125 of the writing, Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. Amway Kuching! I shall have more to say about that, including a detailed explanation, during my Second Reading speech later today. Conclusion! I hope that I will satisfy his concerns then.

Mr Speaker: I call Mr Peter Grant. 24. Emile Durkheim, The Father Of Sociology Essay! [900198] Peter Grant (Glenrothes) (SNP): Thank you, Mr Speaker, for calling me to speak for writing, the first time in this Chamber. As part of the right hon. Gentlemans assessment of public support for holding a referendum, what discussions has he had with all parties in Scotland about the massive public support that there is for extending the franchise for the referendum to amway kuching, 16 and 17-year-olds, who will, after all, be the people who have to writing conclusion, live longest with the result, whatever that might be? Mr Hammond: Our position is that the Emile Essay, appropriate franchise for a United Kingdom questiona question about the future of the whole countryis the Westminster franchise. I know there are people in this House who think we should review the scope of the writing conclusion, Westminster franchise, and The Jew Essay that is another debate. Writing Conclusion! We are very clear that the franchise for this referendum should be the Westminster franchise, and that it would not be appropriate, as an exception, to Climate Essay, include 16 and 17-year-olds.

Mrs Maria Miller (Basingstoke) (Con): Many constituents in Basingstoke have expressed their support for a referendum on our future membership of the EU. Local businesses, in particular, are keen for it to happen sooner rather than later. What assessment has the Foreign Secretary made of whether the referendum can be held soonerperhaps even in writing conclusion, 2016rather than waiting until 2017, as was indicated in the manifesto? Mr Hammond: As my right hon. Friend will know, the where arnold, legislation sets 31 December 2017 as the latest possible date for the referendum, but the writing, Prime Minister has made it clear that we do not intend to The Jew of Venice Essay, wait until the end of 2017.

We will hold the writing, referendum as soon as we are ready to do so. The ball will be firmly in the court of our EU partners. If they embrace our agenda with enthusiasm and facilitate a rapid move forward, a referendum in 2016 may be possible. Mr Nigel Dodds (Belfast North) (DUP): On the timing, and given the amway kuching, importance of this question for the country as a whole, will the right hon. Gentleman have regard to writing conclusion, the respect agenda for the devolved countries of the United Kingdom and guarantee that the referendum will not be held on Change and Rising the same day as the elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly and the Northern Ireland Assembly, in conclusion, line with the Electoral Commissions recommendation? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1033. Mr Hammond: I am, of course, aware of the feeling on this issue within the devolved Administrations, but we intend to maintain maximum flexibility in amway kuching, the Bill.

I shall explain why that is in the debate that follows. 8. Mark Durkan (Foyle) (SDLP): What steps his Department has taken to address the security situation in Burundi and to support the writing conclusion, emergence of conditions conducive to work during, inclusive and peaceful elections in that country. [900182] The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for conclusion, Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): The Minister for Africa, the Change and Rising Rates, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my hon. Friend the Member for Rochford and Southend East (James Duddridge), has called on all parties to end the conclusion, violence and respect the principles of the Arusha agreement. He repeated those calls when he spoke to the Burundian Foreign Minister on Essay 28 May. Mark Durkan : I thank the Minister for that answer. He and the Minister for Africa will be aware that just this week civil society representatives have called for the replacement of the UN special envoy who is meant to be mediating the writing, dialogue. The Burundi electoral commissions legitimacy is die also being questioned, and it has now scrambled together a date for an election in writing, circumstances that are particularly adverse, with repression still at play, refugees unable to return and armed youth groups not disarming.

What will be the Africa Ministers message to amway kuching, international partners and the Burundi Government at the African Union meeting? Mr Ellwood : We need to focus on the Arusha agreement. The UK Government are extremely concerned about the writing, instability in Burundi that the hon. Gentleman articulates and during industrial are working actively within the region, with the African Union and the international community, to resolve the crisis. 23. [900197] Stephen Phillips (Sleaford and North Hykeham) (Con): The instability is principally being caused, of course, by President Nkurunzizas desire to writing conclusion, avoid the constitutional term limits, which threatens not only Emile the Father of Sociology Essay, Burundi but the region as a whole. What discussions has my hon.

Friend had with Ministers in Burundis neighbouring countries about their attitudes to that extension to conclusion, the constitutional term limits? Mr Ellwood : First, I acknowledge my hon. and learned Friends interest in and understanding of how to critique a research, that part of the world. He is absolutely right that there needs to be a regional solution, and I believe that the only way forward for future stability involves President Nkurunziza stepping down and a political solution in line with the Arusha principles. Stephen Twigg (Liverpool, West Derby) (Lab/Co-op): The situation in Burundi reminds us of the risk of mass atrocities and the need for the international system to writing conclusion, be more effective in preventing them and responding to them. What is the where did benedict arnold die, Foreign Offices attitude to writing, the French initiative, which proposes veto restraint by the permanent five members of the United Nations Security Council in conditions, cases in which mass atrocities might have occurred? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1034. Mr Ellwood : The hon. Gentleman is absolutely right to illustrate that the situation is about what is happening not just in Burundi but in writing conclusion, neighbouring Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. That is why we are putting extra effort into seeing what we can do to work with our partners, including the did benedict die, French.

Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Is it not the case that the office of the President, the Opposition parties and the constitutional court in Burundi need to ensure that peace breaks out, not violence, and that all parties need to writing, agree a new date for the presidential and amway kuching parliamentary elections? Mr Ellwood: My hon. Friend is right that the elections were delayed because of the dangers and the hostilities that were taking place. Writing! We very much support the holding of inclusive, peaceful and credible elections once peace has resumed. 9. Ian Lavery (Wansbeck) (Lab): What recent discussions he has had with his Indian counterpart on amway kuching the continued detention of crew members of MV Seaman Guard Ohio in that country. [900183] The Minister of State, Foreign and writing conclusion Commonwealth Office (Mr Hugo Swire): I can only imagine how difficult the how to critique a research, situation continues to be for writing conclusion, the men and their families, and Durkheim, Essay I share their frustration. We have repeatedly raised this case with the Indian Government at the highest levels, including with Prime Minister Modi.

The case is writing conclusion now before the Supreme Court bench in New Delhi, and we expect the response in July. Ian Lavery : There has been meeting after meeting and discussion after discussion with the Government and authorities in India, yet my constituent Nick Dunn and four other former British soldiers are still being detained in India. They are innocent people. How To Critique A Research! What more can the Minister and the Government do to ensure that they are returned to the UK as soon as practicably possible? Can he give the families a glimmer of hope, for goodness sake? Mr Swire : The hon. Gentleman is right to continue to writing, campaign for his constituents. The basic fact is that we cannot simply ignore the Indian judicial process, although we are frustrated by Essay the pace of progress. We have sought to keep the families representatives in this House informed at conclusion every level, and the consular access that we have provided has been kept under review and Climate Cancer Rates is extremely good. I say to the hon. Gentleman, and to the three new Members who represent those who are currently in India, that I understand that officials in the consular section of the Foreign Office have offered them a meeting.

I would welcome them coming in, and I would chair that meeting to writing, keep them informed. Mr John Spellar (Warley) (Lab): We should acknowledge that the The Jew of Venice Essay, Indian navy has been an excellent partner in the fight against piracy off the Somali coast and in conclusion, the wider Indian ocean. However, as the case highlighted by my hon. Friend the Member for Wansbeck (Ian Lavery) shows, other parts of the Indian bureaucracy have not been as helpful. Frankly, do we not need the Foreign. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1035. Secretary and work industrial revolution the Prime Minister to get off their backsides and strongly press the Indian Government to set these men free to get back to their long-suffering families, back to work and back to writing conclusion, normal life? Mr Swire: The right hon. Gentleman lets himself down by the content and Emile the Father of Sociology tone of his question, and I am not sure what relevance the writing conclusion, Indian navy has to this case. My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister raised the issue with Prime Minister Modi in November last year, as did my right hon.

Friend the Foreign Secretary when he met his counterpart in March. Perhaps when the right hon. Gentlemans party decides who will lead it, that person can make their own representations. The Father Essay! We look forward to that day. 10. Robert Jenrick (Newark) (Con): What estimate he has made of the writing, number of UK citizens volunteering to fight in militia groups against ISIL. Essay! [900184] The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): Given the writing conclusion, volatile situation in Syria, it is Climate and Rising Rates Essay difficult to ascertain exactly the number of British nationals who are fighting in militia groups against or for ISIL without the risk of being inaccurate. We advise against all travel to Syria and parts of Iraq and conclusion do not want British nationals taking part in the conflict on either side.

There are ways to support the Syrian people more effectively and amway kuching get aid to where it is most needed. Robert Jenrick: A young and quite vulnerable Newark man with autism has recently been recruited to fight with the Kurdish peshmerga through their foreign legion, the Lions of Rojava, who recruitsomewhat indiscriminately through Facebook and writing conclusion websites. While we all stand shoulder to shoulder with the brave peshmerga, will the Minister urge the Kurdish Government to exercise greater caution and, in particular, to review those websites? Mr Ellwood: I am sorry to hear about the case of my hon. Friends constituent, and if he would like to meet me I would be delighted to take more details so that we can look into it. I will be visiting the during industrial revolution, countries shortly and I will seek in writing, Irbil to see how a better process can be established to understand who is coming into the country. Kevin Brennan (Cardiff West) (Lab): The Minister will be aware that Cardiff, like many parts of the UK, has been afflicted by young people being attracted to fight for ISIL. What steps is the critique article, Foreign Office taking with the Turkish authorities to help to close that route into writing conclusion that part of the world? Mr Ellwood: The hon.

Gentleman raises an important point, and arnold die my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary attended the meeting in Paris last week, where 20 of the 60 nations came together to work on the five key themes, one of which is countering the movement of foreign fighters, including the sharing of writing conclusion, information between countriesincluding Turkey. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1036. 11. Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) (Lab): What assessment his Department has made of the likely success of the French initiative for a UN resolution for Climate and Rising Cancer Rates, new peace talks between Israelis and writing Palestinians. Amway Kuching! [900185] The Secretary of conclusion, State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): We do see merit in a balanced UN Security Council resolution at the right moment, setting out parameters for a political settlement. But if such a resolution is to amway kuching, be part of a successful process, it must command the full support of the Security Council and, in particular, of the United States, which is the only power that has any leverage over Israel. Our judgment is that now is not the right moment for such an initiative, but I have regular discussions with my French and American counterparts on the middle east peace process. We will judge any proposal on the basis of conclusion, whether it supports further progress in that process. Andrew Gwynne: I am grateful to the Secretary of State for conditions during, his detailed reply.

Given that Mr Fabius will visit Israel and the Palestinian territories at the end of this month to push for writing, a United Nations Security Council resolution to arnold, revive the peace talks between the two sides, what more can the Secretary of State do to convince the writing conclusion, United States of America and his EU counterparts that it is now crucial to get Israel and the Palestinians round the table again? Mr Hammond: I agree with the last part of the hon. Gentlemans question: it is crucial that we move forward. The issue with timing is that until we have resolved the conditions industrial, nuclear negotiation with Iran, which is an writing conclusion, extremely sensitive issue in the middle eastincluding with Israelour judgment is that we would be throwing away an die, opportunity to play an important card in the middle east peace process. We need to get the Iran thing dealt with first, and then we need to press the conclusion, US Administration to deliver on amway kuching the commitment that they have repeatedly made to usthat after the Israeli elections and the Israeli Government had been formed, there would be a new, American-led initiative. Mr Speaker: Extreme brevity is now required. Mr David Burrowes (Enfield, Southgate) (Con): What has been the writing, impact of the work during industrial, unilateral action last October by Sweden to writing conclusion, recognise the state of Palestine? Mr Hammond : We believe that European Union countries individually unilaterally recognising Palestine is throwing away an opportunity that the European Union has to exercise leverage by collectively holding out the prospect of recognition or non-recognition as a way of influencing behaviour. Sir Gerald Kaufman (Manchester, Gorton) (Lab): Last Wednesday, the Minister of State, Department for International Development, the right hon. Member for New Forest West (Mr Swayne) told the the Father of Sociology Essay, House: The international community has recognised that the PA is now ready for statehood.[ Official Report , 3 June 2015; Vol. 596, c. 575.]

When will the Government recognise the Palestinian state, in writing, line with the where die, vote of this House last October? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1037. Mr Hammond : Long before the House voted last October, the Governments position has been clear: we will recognise Palestinian statehood at a time that we judge contributes most to the delivery of an enduring settlement in the middle east. Mr Philip Hollobone (Kettering) (Con): What is the Foreign Secretarys present assessment of the extent to which the Palestinian side is unified between Hamas and Fatah? Mr Hammond: In a word, it is not. 12.

Jessica Morden (Newport East) (Lab): What steps his Department is conclusion taking to protect Christians from persecution worldwide. [900186] The Minister for Europe (Mr David Lidington): Freedom of religion and belief is one of the did benedict arnold die, Governments core human rights priorities. We try to help Christians facing persecution overseas through our bilateral diplomacy and our participation in writing conclusion, international organisations, most notably the United Nations Human Rights Council. Jessica Morden : Christians suffer the most persecution globally, and many of my constituents with relatives in Syria and Iraq, and Church groups, rightly campaign to amway kuching, highlight that. People of different faiths and atheists are at risk in different parts of the world. What more can the UK do to promote more collaboration between faith communities to promote more religious tolerance? Mr Lidington : Obviously, the approach that is likely to conclusion, work best will vary from the Father Essay one country to another, but we do, for example, through the writing conclusion, Department for a research article, International Development, fund a number of conclusion, programmes that try to Emile Durkheim, Essay, help community and religious leaders in particular conflict-torn parts of the world to learn the importance of religious tolerance and to apply that within their own societies. Mr Mark Prisk (Hertford and Stortford) (Con): Given this countrys excellent record in defending liberty abroad, may I strongly encourage Ministers to make religious freedom a strategic priority, as proposed by the Archbishop of writing conclusion, Canterbury and the Religious Liberty Commission? Mr Lidington: We certainly continue to critique a research, treat religious freedom and the freedom of people to express their beliefs as a core element of writing conclusion, our broader human rights agenda.

It is often Christian communities themselves who say that it helps them if their own concerns are presented within that broader human rights context. Mr Speaker: Last but not least, I call Cat Smith. 13. And Rising Cancer! Cat Smith (Lancaster and Fleetwood) (Lab): What steps he plans to take in writing conclusion, response to demolition of Climate Change Rates, Palestinian homes to make way for Israeli settlements in writing conclusion, East Jerusalem. [900187] The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): Demolitions are an Essay, impediment to the two-state solution and, in all but the most limited circumstances, contrary. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1038. to international humanitarian law. Conclusion! We have made our concerns clear to how to critique a research article, the Israeli Government, and I raised our objections with the Israeli national security adviser last week and during my visit to the occupied territories in October.

Cat Smith : I welcome those steps, but that is broadly the same answer Ministers have been giving for writing conclusion, a number of years. The demolitions are breaches of the fourth Geneva convention on war crimes. Given that the demolitions are continuing in spite of these steps, is it not time to Climate Change Essay, consider stronger action, such as the suspension of the arms trade with Israel? Mr Ellwood: The hon. Lady is right to say that these complex issues have perplexed the Houseand, indeed, the international community and the regionfor a long time, but as my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary articulated, we want the talks to resume as soon as possible. The Israeli elections are now out writing, of the way and that is what we now need to be looking towards. T2. [900166] Mrs Maria Miller (Basingstoke) (Con): If he will make a statement on his departmental responsibilities. The Secretary of critique, State for writing, Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond ): The priorities of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office for Emile of Sociology, this Parliament will remain the protection of Britains security, the promotion of Britains prosperity and the projection of Britains values in support of a rules-based international system. The three key immediate challenges on which I am focused are the struggle against conclusion, violent extremist Islamism in amway kuching, all its forms; the writing conclusion, containment of Russias aggressive doctrine of asymmetric warfare and her incursion in Ukraine; and the renegotiation of Britains relationship with the European Union. Mrs Miller: I thank the how to a research, Foreign Secretary for writing, his response.

The illegal sale of antiquities is not only a crime; it provides significant funding for organisations such as ISIL. Will the Foreign Secretary confirm that Britain supports the International Council of Museums updated red list, which classifies endangered archaeological objects and arnold works of art to help to prevent their illegal sale and export? The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): I am grateful for my right hon. Friends interest in this area. In an effort to remove connections to past civilisations, ISIL is indeed tearing down ancient monuments and selling them on the black market. Writing Conclusion! The International Council of Museums, to where did benedict die, which she refers, and its red list will help tackle illegal sales, and writing the Government very much support it. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): As more and more people try to make the Emile Durkheim, of Sociology Essay, perilous boat journey across the Mediterranean, the writing conclusion, dedicated men and women of HMS Bulwark are having to rescue an how to critique a research article, ever-increasing number of desperate people in very difficult circumstances. Conclusion! Given that about half a million people are now gathering.

9 Jun 2015 : Column 1039. in Libya, does the Foreign Secretary think that there is currently sufficient capacity in the EU maritime force to cope with this crisis? Mr Philip Hammond: First, let me join the right hon. Gentleman in recognising the the Father Essay, heroic work that the crew of HMS Bulwark, in particular, are doing. They have just landed another 1,200 migrants, bringing to conclusion, well over 2,000 the total number of people plucked from the sea by that one single vessel. I think the best criterion by which to judge the answer to amway kuching, his question is the number of deaths, and, although we cannot be certain, we believe that since the naval force has been deployed in conclusion, the Mediterranean the number of migrants lives being lost at sea has declined to close to zero. I think that means that the scale of the operation is, for the moment, adequate. T4. [900168] Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Back to Africa. The people of Africa are not the problem; the resources of Africa are not the problem; but so often, the governance of African countries is the problem. With that in mind, does the Minister agree that next year in the Democratic Republic of Congo it is absolutely vital that there is a peaceful transition and the constitution is respected and upheld? Mr Ellwood: My hon.

Friend is conditions revolution absolutely right. It is not too dissimilar a situation to the one we find in Burundi, where there is a constitution which should be recognised and should be honouredand we expect President Kabila to do the same. Until that happens, unfortunately we will have further instability. T3. [900167] Bill Esterson (Sefton Central) (Lab): Does the Foreign Secretary agree that leaving the EU will damage our economy, undermine business and writing conclusion have devastating consequences for the living standards of people in the Father Essay, this country? Will he remind his own party of those facts? Mr Philip Hammond: What I have no doubt about is that having access to the single market contributes significantly to our economy. But we live in a democracy, and the hon. Gentleman would have to conclusion, be blind, deaf and dumbalthough perhaps some of his former colleagues were blind, deaf and dumb in the run-up to how to critique a research, the general election[ Interruption. ] He would have to be blind, deaf and dumb not to recognise that there is very considerable concern among the British public about some aspects of our membership of the European Union.

What we have a mandate to do is to sit down with our partners and negotiate to writing, see whether we can deal with some of the problems that most agitate British public opinion, while retaining the benefits of access to the single market. T7. [900171] Mr Simon Burns (Chelmsford) (Con): Does my hon. Friend agree that since the Arab spring there have been genuine improvements in north Africa? What does he suggest can be done, however, to Change and Rising Rates, further those improvements through bilateral investment? Mr Ellwood: My right hon. Friend is conclusion absolutely right: following the Arab spring, we have seen huge advances in that area of Africain governance, prosperity and, indeed, stability. I was able to visit the where die, region two weeks. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1040. ago, and I hope to return in November with trade missions, taking British companies to that part of Africa in order to writing conclusion, promote the prosperity agenda. T5. [900169] Louise Haigh (Sheffield, Heeley) (Lab): Yesterday, Nobel peace prize winner Malala Yousafzai called on world leaders to halt the inhuman persecution of Burmas Muslim minority Rohingya people.

It is time for the international community to back up its words with action. Will the Change Rates, Minister unequivocally condemn the Myanmar leadership and tell the House what steps he has taken to secure equal rights and writing conclusion opportunities for the Rohingya? The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Mr Hugo Swire): The hon. Lady will have had an opportunity to take part in amway kuching, the Adjournment debate last week, on conclusion 4 June, on the whole issue of the The Jew, Rohingya people and Rakhine. Writing! If she reads the Hansard report, she will see that this Government have been right at the forefront in The Jew, urging the Government of writing conclusion, Burma to treat the Rohingya in the way to which they are entitled. T8. [900172] Karen Lumley (Redditch) (Con): My right hon.

Friend will be aware of the grave concerns about the how to a research, political situation in the Maldives and the imprisonment of former President Nasheed. Will he update the writing, House on the work being done by the international community to ensure that the current Government uphold democracy and the rule of law? Mr Swire: I applaud my hon. Friends continuing support for amway kuching, President Nasheed and writing conclusion her interest in the situation in the Maldives. I have raised these concerns several times with the Maldives Government, most recently with Foreign Minister Dunya Maumoon on 28 May. In April, Charles Tannock tabled a resolution on the Maldives in the European Parliament, and Rates Essay a joint resolution of all seven political groups was overwhelmingly supported by the Chamber. We also continue to work with our Commonwealth partners through the conclusion, Secretariat. T6. [900170] Greg Mulholland (Leeds North West) (LD): I was pleased to represent the all-party group on the worldwide abolition of the death penalty to Suriname. Article! Will the ministerial team welcome the fact that Suriname has become the latest country in the world to abolish the writing, death penalty, but does that not contrast with the fact that Saudi Arabia has just advertised for eight executioners? What will the Government do to during industrial revolution, lobby this supposed ally of the UK? Mr Philip Hammond: I welcome the news from Suriname.

It is a slow process, but progress is being made. As I have said many times in the House, Saudi Arabia is an important ally of the UK. Our relationship is vital to our domestic national security and gives us access to senior levels of the Saudi Arabian leadership. Writing Conclusion! That enables us to work, make our views known on writing these issuesand we do. T10. [900174] Julian Knight (Solihull) (Con): Does my right hon. Critique A Research! Friend agree with me and the CBI that the EU should take some lessons from the UK and adopt more flexible labour markets? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1041.

Mr Hammond: Yes, absolutely. In fact, labour market policy is by writing conclusion and large a matter for national Governments, but across the EU there is a clear gap in performance between those who have taken difficult steps to achieve radical labour market reform and those who have not. T9. [900173] Paula Sherriff (Dewsbury) (Lab): Will the Minister advise what discussions he has had with the Indian and Pakistani Governments towards realising the aspirations of the Kashmiri people for of Venice Essay, a plebiscite on self-determination? Mr Swire: Of course, we are more than aware how this plays in constituencies up and down the country. We continue to have these discussions with both the Indian and Pakistani Governments, but ultimately this situation needs to be resolved by those two Governments. Mr Speaker: I call Mr Eric Pickles. Sir Eric Pickles (Brentwood and Ongar) (Con): Given what the writing conclusion, Foreign Secretary has said about the importance of the Iran discussions on the nuclear agreement, what is he doing to Climate Change and Rising, ensure greater clarity about the baselines, the extent of the inspection regime and the consequences of infringement?

Given that the agreement will allow advanced centrifuge, the infringements might arrive a little earlier than anticipated. Mr Speaker: A question worthy of a knight. I apologise to Sir Eric. Mr Philip Hammond: We are working intensively with our E3+3 partners and Iran to conclude the nuclear agreement that we set out in conclusion, principle in Lausanne a couple of amway kuching, months ago. It is essential that, as part of the agreement, the International Atomic Energy Agency can verify all Irans nuclear-related commitments, including through access to all relevant locations. We are not going to do a bad deal with Iran. Proper access is central to writing conclusion, the deal we agreed in Lausanne and has to be delivered. Mr David Winnick (Walsall North) (Lab): Having apparently spoken to his own Back Benchers about the EU referendum, will the Foreign Secretary provide any information about the number of likely Tory Eurosceptics the Prime Minister might describe in the same way as John Major described his Eurosceptics, one of Durkheim, of Sociology Essay, whom of course remains in the Cabinet? Mr Hammond: My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister would never describe any of his right hon. Writing Conclusion! or hon. Friends in such terms.

We look forward to a robust debate on this issue inside and outside the House. Richard Graham (Gloucester) (Con): The Burmese Government often give the impression that the conditions industrial revolution, Rohingya people are not really Burmese. Will my right hon. Friend the Minister for conclusion, Asia confirm that the Foreign Office has seen a map from the 18th century that confirms very clearly that the Rohingya people were part of The Jew of Venice Essay, Burma at writing that time and that this has been shared with the Burmese Government? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1042. Mr Swire: My hon. Friend is absolutely right. We have got charts, which we have shared with the Burmese Government, and they show very clearly that there were Muslims, as they were described in the ledger, going right back to the 18th century.

It is absolutely certain, as far as we are concerned, that the Rohingya have been in Rakhine for many, many years. Of course they are mixed in with probably more recent arrivals from Chittagong and the Chittagong area in Bangladesh, but a significant number of these people have clearly been in The Jew of Venice Essay, Burma for a significant amount of time. Ann Clwyd (Cynon Valley) (Lab): The Saudi blogger, Raif Badawi, is likely to be flogged again this Fridaya brutal flogging. Conclusion! The Minister can boast about our special relationship with Saudi Arabia, but really is there not some hypocrisy at the heart of British foreign policy when we continue to Climate Cancer, sell the largest amount of arms to the Saudi Arabian Government? Mr Philip Hammond: I prefer to writing, focus on amway kuching the practical steps that now need to be taken. I have raised the issue of Mr Badawi with the most senior levels of the Saudi leadership before. The judicial process has now been completed. That is not the end of the story, because, as in many such countries, there is an Executive power of clemency and commutation. Conclusion! We are urgently seeking to make contact with our most senior interlocutors today, to talk to them about how that power will be exercised.

It will be my intention certainly to ensure that nothing happens on Friday, and how to critique I hope that nothing happens at all. Dr Julian Lewis (New Forest East) (Con): Does the Secretary of State share my relief that the Turkish people have, for the time being at conclusion least, called a halt to the creeping Islamisation of their country? What assessment has he made of political stability in Change and Rising, that important NATO ally? The Minister for Europe (Mr David Lidington): The fact that there was a turnout of no less than 86% in the Turkish parliamentary election demonstrates the vigour of Turkish democracy. We are looking forward to working with the new Government, once they are formed, as there are many important political, economic and strategic interests that the UK and Turkey share.

Ian Austin (Dudley North) (Lab): It is very important that a nuclear deal with Iran is not made at any price. The P5+1 must stand firm if Iran will not accept any-time inspections of all suspect sites or come clean on conclusion possible military dimensions of the nuclear programme, as suspected by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Should Britain and the P5+1 not engage much more closely with Arab states and Israel, who share concerns about an agreement that in a few years would allow Iran to greatly expand its nuclear programme? Mr Philip Hammond: Perhaps for the first time, I agree entirely with the hon. Gentleman. The reality is that the alternative to an agreement that will restrict Irans development of civil nuclear enrichment capabilities for a period of perhaps 20 years is no deal and a free-for-all. We have got to get this agreement right and we have got to carry the Gulf states and Israel with us, and the meeting at Climate Rates Essay Camp David that the US President.

9 Jun 2015 : Column 1043. hosted with the writing, Gulf Co-operation Council countries was part of amway kuching, a process to reassure allies in the Gulf of our commitment to their security. Mr John Baron (Basildon and writing Billericay) (Con): A year ago, the then Foreign Secretary announced the The Jew Essay, good news that the British embassy in Tehran would reopen, following its closure in 2011. Writing Conclusion! Given that it is still closed, could we have an update on progress? Mr Hammond: Yes.

I think I have told the House before that there are two issues that we are trying to deal with in order to reopen the embassy. One is around the visa regime and how we deal with Iranian overstayers in the UK, and the other is around the importation of communications equipment that we need to import, uninspected by the Iranians, in order to be able to safely operate our embassy. Until we have resolved those two issues, we really cannot make progress. Mr Speaker: Last but not least, Andy Slaughter. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1044.

Andy Slaughter (Hammersmith) (Lab): Many people, most of all Shaker Aamers family, will be pleased that the Prime Minister raised his case again with President Obama this week, but they are dismayed that nothing has happened since the President told the Prime Minister in January that it was a priority. Given that Shaker Aamer was cleared by six national security agencies in 2009 for release, will that process have to be gone through again? If the Essay, Minister does not know the answer to that question, can he seek it from the US authorities, so that Shaker Aamer can be returned to his family in the UK? Mr Hammond: We continue to writing conclusion, raise the issue of Shaker Aamer with the United States authorities at every opportunity. As I think the hon. Gentleman knows, it is the United States Defence Secretary who now has the file on his desk, and there has recently been a change in the occupancy of that position. Of Venice Essay! We continue to press the United States to make progress, and to make good the commitment that President Obama made to conclusion, the Prime Minister last year. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1045. Paul Flynn (Newport West) (Lab): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. This concerns the Essay, deteriorating character of conclusion, Prime Ministers Question Time, which is doing so much damage to conditions during revolution, the reputation of the House and the reputation of politics. Last week the Prime Minister asked the writing, acting Leader of the Opposition four questions, almost more than she asked him.

Just before the end of the last Parliament, he answered a question by raising nine issues none of which was the Emile of Sociology, subject of the writing, question asked. Prime Ministers Question Time is becoming an exchange of crude insults and arnold non-answers. As you know, Mr Speaker, I have written to the Prime Minister suggesting that he depoliticise the situation by convening all the party leaders with the aim of reinventing Question Time by giving it a format that would be dignified, still robust, but acceptable outside. Might it not be a good idea to change the name of Prime Ministers questions to Prime Ministers answers, so that at least the writing, Prime Minister would get the point? When he last answered a question from me, he handed the conduct of this matter over to you, suggesting that you take action. Mr Speaker: I am very grateful to the hon. Gentleman for his point of order.

As the Change Rates Essay, House will be aware, my responsibility is to try to keep or, as necessary, restore order. Conclusion! I have no responsibility for the content of either questions or answers. I do not mind saying to the hon. Gentleman what he may know in any case: that I have, on a previous occasion, written to amway kuching, the party leaders to make the case for a cultural change in the manner in conclusion, which Prime Ministers questions are conducted, and I received positive replies from them. The start of Cancer, a Parliament might seem an auspicious time to try to bring about meaningful change, and writing conclusion I think it would be to the advantage of the House if Members were to how to, take account of, and accord weight to, the writing conclusion, very widespread public disapproval of the The Jew, way in which the proceedings are conducted. One method of dealing with the matter would be the convening of all-party talks, but that is not for me to do. Conclusion! I would smile on it, but it is not for during industrial, me to lead. An alternative method might be to ask the Procedure Committee of the House, under the excellent chairmanship of the hon. Member for Broxbourne (Mr Walker), to. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1046.

consider the way in which matters are handled, and to conclusion, suggest either a continuation of the status quo or reform options. I think that is all that I can reasonably be expected to say on the matter today. Ian Lavery (Wansbeck) (Lab): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. Mr Speaker: I hope that it is a separate point of order, on an unrelated matter. Ian Lavery: At the end of the work conditions industrial revolution, last Parliament, Mr Speaker, the fire Minister told the House that firefighters in England who were found to have retired early would not face any financial penalty in relation to their pensions.

Regional fire authorities are now challenging the legality of the writing conclusion, Ministers statement, which is of Venice leaving our fire and writing rescue men and women in limbo. Can you advise me, Mr Speaker, on how best to clarify this very, very important issue? Mr Speaker: Before I respond to the hon. Gentlemans point of order, I must correct myself. I should properly have referred to Essay, the hon. Member for Broxbourne as the former Chairman of the Procedure Committee. There are currently no Select Committee Chairmen, although, when the hon. Gentleman did chair the Procedure Committee, he was a distinguished Chairman. The point of writing, order raised by the hon. Member for did benedict, Wansbeck (Ian Lavery) is writing conclusion one of great importance, but it is not a matter for the Chair, and I therefore cannot rule on it.

We will leave it there. [Interruption.] It is always helpful, when one makes a ruling, to have the sedentary support of the hon. Member for did benedict arnold die, Wellingborough (Mr Bone), who is a notable parliamentary specialist himself. Chris Stephens (Glasgow South West) (SNP): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. My constituent Mr Ali, a political asylum seeker, is facing deportation this evening to Balochistan, an area of political upheaval where political activists have been persecuted. Can the Home Secretary be encouraged to make a statement on such deportations to such unstable regions in the world? Mr Speaker: I congratulate the hon. Gentleman on his ingenuity; he is newly arrived in this House, but he has already worked out how to get his point on the record. I feel confident that his words will be winging their way to the Home Secretary ere long on what is writing indeed a very important and urgent matter.

9 Jun 2015 : Column 1047. Mr Speaker: I must inform the House that I have selected the amendment in amway kuching, the name of Mr Alex Salmond. Before I ask the Foreign Secretary to move the Second Reading of the Bill, the House will not be surprised to writing, hear that some dozens of colleagues are seeking to a research article, catch my eye and a time limit will have to writing, be imposed. Front Benchers are not constrained by it, of course, but the Foreign Secretary and his shadow are nothing if not sensitive to the wishes of the House and I am sure they will want to balance the need to cover the subject thoroughly and take interventions with the interests of other colleagues in having the Durkheim, of Sociology Essay, chance to contribute. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): I beg to move, That the Bill be now read a Second time. This is a simple, but vital, piece of legislation. It has one clear purpose: to deliver on our promise to give the British people the final say on our EU membership in an in/out referendum by the end of 2017.

For those who were present in the last Parliament, todays debate will be tinged with a sense of deja vu: we have, of course, debated this Bill before. So before I start, I would like to pay tribute to my hon. Friend the conclusion, Member for Stockton South (James Wharton). Did Benedict Arnold Die! His European Union (Referendum) Bill in the last Parliament was passed by this House, but sadly was blocked in the other place by the opposition parties. He deserves the credit for paving the way for the Bill we are debating today. Let me also pay tribute to my noble Friend Lord Dobbs who sponsored the Wharton Bill in the other place, and to my hon. Friend the Member for Bromley and Chislehurst (Robert Neill) who reintroduced the same Bill in the following Session. The commitment on the Government side of the House to giving the British people their say has deep roots. Mr Angus Brendan MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar) (SNP): Will the Foreign Secretary give way? Mr Hammond: I am going to make a little progress, bearing in mind Mr Speakers exhortation.

It is almost four decades ago to the day that I, along with millions of conclusion, others in Britain, cast my vote in Emile of Sociology Essay, favour of our membership of the conclusion, European Communities, and like millions of others I believed then that I was voting for an economic community that would bring significant economic benefits to Britain, but without undermining our national sovereignty. How To A Research Article! I do not remember anyone saying anything about ever-closer union or a single currency. But the institution that the clear majority of the British people voted to join has changed almost beyond recognition in the decades since then. Mr Kenneth Clarke (Rushcliffe) (Con): There must have been some strange juxtapositions in the campaign held in the 1970s, in which I took a very active part. Most of the debates I took part in were about the pooling of sovereignty and the direct applicability of European legislation without parliamentary intervention, which was a very controversial subject, and, besides, ever-closer union was in the treaty to which we were acceding. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1048. Mr Hammond: Call me negligent, but as an 18-year-old voter in that election, I did not actually read the treaty before I cast my vote. Treaty after treatythe Single European Act, Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and conclusion Lisbonindividually and collectively have added hugely to the European Unions powers, often in areas that would have been unthinkable in 1975, and that change has eroded the democratic mandate for our membership to how to critique article, the point where it is wafer-thin and demands to be renewed. Mr MacNeil: Two weeks ago I was in North Uist and met one of my constituents, who is from Germany.

She has lived in writing conclusion, North Uist for 25 years and she voted in how to critique article, the Scottish referendum, but she cannot vote in this referendum. Why were the Scottish Government more generous to and more understanding of her rights as a citizen for 25 years than the Tory Government? Why is she excluded? Mr Hammond: If the hon. Writing Conclusion! Gentleman can bear to stop wagging his finger and wait a little, I will come to the question of Emile the Father of Sociology Essay, franchise. To many people, not only in the UK, but across Europe, the European Union has come to feel like something that is done to them, not for them. Writing! Turnout in last years European Parliament elections was the lowest ever, dropping to 13% in Slovakia. The fragility of the where die, European Unions democratic legitimacy is writing conclusion felt particularly acutely by the British people. Since our referendum in 1975, citizens across Europe from Denmark and Ireland to France and Spain have been asked their views on crucial aspects of their countrys relationships with the EU in more than 30 different national referendumsbut not in the UK. We have had referendums on Scottish devolution, Welsh devolution, our electoral system and a regional assembly for the north-east, but an entire generation of British voters has been denied the of Venice Essay, chance to writing, have a say on our relationship with the Durkheim, the Father, European Union. Today we are putting that right.

After fighting and conclusion winning the general election as the industrial revolution, only major party committed to writing conclusion, an in/out referendum, in the face of relentless opposition from the other parties, today we are delivering on our promise to give that generation its say. Mike Gapes (Ilford South) (Lab/Co-op): In the critique article, Foreign Secretarys opening remarks, he referred to the number of changes that have taken place since 1975, when there was last a referendum. Can I take it from what he said that unless the British people have a right to reject all those changes brought about without a referendum he will not be satisfied? Or, can he at least set out today what it is that the Government wish to conclusion, take back, rather than simply condemning his and all previous Governments since 1975? Mr Hammond: The answer to question No. 1 is amway kuching no and the answer to question No. Writing Conclusion! 2 is that the Prime Minister has set out in a series of speeches, articles and interviews, and in the Conservative party manifesto, the Climate Cancer Rates Essay, key areas where we require change to the way that Britains relationship with the European Union works if we are to be able to get the conclusion, consent of the arnold die, British people to our future membership. Conservative Members have long been clear that the European Union needs to change and that Britains relationship with the European Union needs to change. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1049. Unlike the conclusion, Labour party, we believe that Brussels has too much power and that some of those powers need to a research, be brought back to national capitals. In a world whose centre of economic gravity is shifting fast, Europe faces a serious challenge.

If we are to writing conclusion, continue to earn our way in the world and to and Rising Essay, secure European living standards for writing conclusion, future generations, the EU needs to focus relentlessly on jobs, growth and competitiveness. Bluntly, it needs to become far less bureaucratic and far more competitive. With the European electorate more disenchanted with the EU than ever before and with anti-EU parties on the rise across the work conditions during industrial, continent, it is time to bring Europe back to the people, ensuring that decisions are made as close to them as possible and giving national Parliaments a greater role in overseeing the European Union. Such issues resonate across all member states. Change is needed for the benefit of writing, all to make the EU fit for the purpose of the 21st century. Sir William Cash (Stone) (Con): I applaud my right hon.

Friends opening remarks and the Prime Minister for making certain that we had the Bill. May I ask the Foreign Secretary one question? In the last statement made by the Prime Minister in where arnold, the previous Parliament, he clearly said that he wanted reform and a fundamental change in writing conclusion, our relationship with the EU. Will he explain what the Rates, second part of that means in practice and in relation to writing, the debate? Mr Hammond: My hon. Friends question is germane to the point I am making.

For the good of all 28 countries, there are things that need to be done to Durkheim, the Father of Sociology, reform the way in which the European Union works to make it more competitive, effective and democratically accountable. However, the British people have particular concerns, borne of our history and circumstances. For example, we are not part of the single currency and, so long as there is a Conservative Government, we never will be. We made that decision because we will not accept the further integration of our fiscal, economic, financial and social policy[Hon. Members: We made it!] The hon. Member for Eltham (Clive Efford) says that Labour made that decision. Is it the position of the Labour party that we will never join the writing, single currency? I have not heard that position being articulated from the Labour Benches. It would be a seminal moment in our parliamentary history if Labour was able to make that commitment today.

We made that decision because we will not accept the further integration of our fiscal, economic, financial and social policy that will inevitably be required to make the eurozone a success. So, in work industrial revolution, answer to the point raised by my hon. Friend the Member for Stone (Sir William Cash), we need to agree a framework with our partners that will allow further integration of the eurozone while protecting Britains interests and those of the other euro-outs within the EU. Because we occupy a crowded island with a population that is growing, even before net migration, and writing a welfare system that is more accessible than most and more generous than many in Europe, we are far more sensitive than many member states to amway kuching, the impact of migration from the EU and the distorting effects of writing conclusion, easy access to benefits and services and of in-work welfare top-ups to wages that are already high by comparison with many EU countries. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1050. In the Conservative party manifesto, we therefore committed to negotiate a new settlement for Britain in Europea settlement that addresses the concerns of the British people and sets the European Union on a course that will benefit all its people. The Prime Minister has already begun that process by meeting 15 European leaders, and at where arnold die the European Council in June he will set out formally the key elements of our proposals. Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury and Atcham) (Con): I understand my right hon.

Friends point about the pressures of increased numbers coming to work in the United Kingdom, but will he take a moment to writing, pay tribute to the hard-working eastern Europeans from Poland and elsewhere who have come here, worked hard, paid their taxes and contributed to our society? Mr Hammond: I am very happy to do so. I do not think anybodyor at least not very many peoplein this country has a problem with those who come here to work hard, pay their dues and make a better life for themselves while contributing to and Rising Cancer Essay, the UK economy. They are the not the focus of our concern. Our focus is on the distorting effect of easy access to our welfare system. Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) (Lab): The Secretary of State said earlier that he thought Brussels had too much power. Will he tell the House which powers affecting the writing, United Kingdom Brussels has too much of? Will he also tell us whether he would consider it a success or a failure if the Prime Minister failed to repatriate those powers? Mr Hammond: I am afraid that the hon. Gentleman has just fallen into the obvious trap.

He knows that a negotiation is a negotiation. He asks me to set out a list of powers for repatriation, then invites me to say that the Prime Minister would have failed if we did not achieve the amway kuching, repatriation of every single one of them. No sensible person with any negotiating experience would approach a complex negotiation in that way. Mr Hammond: I need to make some progress. There are those who will say that this process cannot succeed, that Europe will never change, and that our negotiations will not be successful. Looking at the record of the last Labour Government, I can see why they would say that. Under that Labour Government, there was a one-way transfer of powers from Westminster to conclusion, Brussels. They gave away ?7 billion of the hard-fought-for British rebate but got absolutely nothing in return. They presided over a massive increase in where arnold, the EU budget, they signed us up to writing, the eurozone bail-out funds and they failed to deliver on their promise to where did benedict arnold, give the British people a say before ratifying the Lisbon treaty. Labours record on conclusion Europe was one of dismal failure. In the last Parliament, however, we showed what could be done.

We showed that, even in coalition with the Liberal Democrats, change could be achieved by adopting a tough negotiating stance and a laser-like focus on our national interest. We cut the EU budget for the first time ever, saving British taxpayers billions of pounds. We took Britain out of the eurozone bail-outs that Labour signed us up tothe first ever return of Climate Change Cancer Rates, powers. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1051. from Brussels. We vetoed an EU treaty that would have damaged Britains interests, we brought back control of writing conclusion, more than 100 police and criminal justice measures and we secured exemptions for critique article, the smallest businesses from EU regulation. Our record in writing, the past five years shows that we can deliver change in Europe that is in Britains national interest. Steve Brine (Winchester) (Con): The Foreign Secretary is taking a lot of noise and advice from of Venice Essay those on the Labour Benches, but many of my colleagues and conclusion I remember sitting here, Friday after Friday, while they bitterly opposed the European Union (Referendum) Bill introduced by my hon. Friend the Member for of Venice, Stockton South (James Wharton). I presume that my right hon. Friend welcomes the sinner who repents today, but as he takes all that advice will he just remember that if we had taken the advice of Labour, Scottish National party and Liberal Democrat Members, Britain would now be languishing in the euro?

Mr Hammond: My hon. Friend is absolutely right. When the electorate considers the stated positions of the parties, I would advise them to look not only at the positions they hold today but at conclusion the depth of the roots that sustain those positions. Paul Farrelly (Newcastle-under-Lyme) (Lab): Does the Foreign Secretary believe that, when the Prime Minister completes these unspecified negotiations and Emile Durkheim, of Sociology decides to campaign for a yes in writing, the referendum, my next-door neighbour the hon. Member for Stone (Sir William Cash) and his allies who held the Major Government hostage will ever be satisfied? Mr Hammond: I will let my hon. Where Did Benedict! Friend the Member for Stone speak for himself in the course of the debate. I am sure, however, that he will awaitwith a healthily sceptical approachthe return of the Prime Minister from writing Brussels with that package, and that he will consider it carefully and analytically, safe in the knowledge that underpinning this whole process is an absolute commitment to conditions during industrial, allow the British people to have the conclusion, final say on this issue in an in/out referendum. Mr Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex) (Con): None of the concessions that the Prime Minister has so far obtained from the Climate Change Cancer Rates Essay, European Union, including the veto of the fiscal union treaty, has fundamentally changed our relationship with the EU.

How does he intend fundamentally to writing conclusion, change that relationship? Mr Hammond: My hon. Friend is right, of course. Of Venice! I have already mentioned an area in which we need fundamental change in the way in which the European Union operates. It is now a Union with a eurozone of writing conclusion, 19 member states at its core, and amway kuching those states will integrate more closely together. There needs to be an conclusion, explicit recognition that those who are not part of that core do not need to pursue ever-closer union. There needs to be an explicit protection of the interests of those non-eurozone members as the EU goes forward. That is an example of an area in which we need specific structural change to the way in which the European Union operates. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1052. Mr Hammond: I must make some progress. Of course, negotiating with 27 member states will not be easy and it will not happen overnight, but we expect to be able to negotiate a new deal that will address the The Jew, concerns of the British people about Britains relationship with Europe, which we will put to conclusion, them in the promised referendum.

The Bill provides the mechanism to do that. It sets in stone our commitment to hold the referendum before the end of 2017. Of course, if the process is completed sooner, the referendum could be held sooner. So the Bill allows for the date of the conditions, referendum to be determined by regulations, made by affirmative resolution. The Bill provides for the wording of the referendum question on its face. In 2013, the Electoral Commission assessed the referendum question posed by writing the Wharton Bill. Work! The Commission recommended two possible formulations. This Bill specifies the simpler of the two: Should the writing conclusion, United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union?, with a yes/no answer. [Interruption.] Hon.

Members need not answer now; they can wait until the designated referendum day. The Electoral Commission will of course report again on this Bill and we look forward to Emile Durkheim,, its assessment. Mr David Hanson (Delyn) (Lab): It would be perfectly possible not to accept the Prime Ministers negotiating stance but to conclusion, want to remain a member of the European Union. Should we not have a specific vote on the Prime Ministers recommendations as well as on the retention of membership of the European Union? Mr Hammond: No. We made a proposal to Emile Durkheim,, the British people, it was put to the test in the general election and we have received an overwhelming mandate to writing, progress. That is what we will do. The Bill also sets out the entitlement to vote in The Jew, the referendum. Since this is an issue of national importance, the parliamentary franchise is the right starting point. Writing Conclusion! It means that British citizens in the UK or resident abroad for less than 15 years and amway kuching resident Commonwealth and Irish citizens can take part. The Bill extends the franchise in two very limited respects: to Members of the other place who meet certain qualifications and to Commonwealth citizens resident in conclusion, Gibraltar.

Members of the other place cannot take part in elections to this House on the grounds that they are already represented in Parliament, but it is Climate Change Rates clearly right that the conclusion, franchise should be extended to did benedict die, them in the referendum. Gibraltar will also be deeply affected by its outcome. It is part of the European Union and its economy is closely bound to its relationship with the EU. Of course, Gibraltar already takes part in elections to the European Parliament as part of the South West of England. During debates on the private Members Bill in the previous Parliament, there was cross-party support for Gibraltars inclusion. I hope that that will remain. We will extend the franchise to Gibraltar only writing, with the consent of the Government of Gibraltar, and my right hon. Friend the Minister for Europe has already agreed the principles for achieving that with the Chief Minister.

Wherever possible, the Bill leaves it to the Gibraltar Parliament to make provision to implement the referendum in Gibraltar. The Government of Gibraltar intend to introduce their own referendum Bill, which will be complementary to the UK legislation. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1053. Some will argue that we should extend the franchise further to 16 and 17-year-olds, perhaps, or even to citizens of did benedict arnold, other EU countries resident here. We do not agree. This is an issue of national importance about Britains relationship with the European Union and conclusion it is right that the Westminster parliamentary franchise should be the basis for consulting the British people. Climate And Rising! I concede that there are those in the House who will wish to debate whether that franchise itself should be extended to 16 and 17-year-olds, but the Government are not persuaded and that is a debate for another day.

It would be wrong to include 16 and writing conclusion 17-year-olds in this referendum as an conditions during industrial, addition to the Westminster franchise. I reject, too, the suggestion that EU citizens living in the UK should be included. The referendum is about delivering a pledge to the British people to consult them about the future of their country. It would be a travesty to seek to include EU nationals whose interests might be very different from those of the British people. Robert Neill (Bromley and Chislehurst) (Con): I welcome my right hon. Friends comments about Gibraltar, which will be warmly welcomed by the people of Gibraltar and which recognise that Gibraltar is a particular case. Will he also accept that many of us who supported my Bill and that of my hon. Friend the Member for Stockton South (James Wharton) in writing, the previous Parliament did so on the basis of the parliamentary franchise? I strongly urge my right hon. Friend to stick to Climate, that and not be drawn into writing debates about broader issues of the franchise that are not part of this Bills proposals.

Mr Hammond: I am grateful to my hon. Friend for conditions during, that intervention and I intend to stick to writing conclusion, the position I have set out. Ian Austin: Speaking as somebody who worked in the Treasury between 1999 and 2005, may I remind the Foreign Secretary that it was a Labour Government that designed the five tests, a Labour Government that carried out the assessment and a Labour Government that kept us out of the single currency? It is thanks to a Labour Government that we are not in the single currency today. Mr Hammond: The hon. Gentleman will have been at work during industrial the heart of the writing, angry and temper-ridden debates that went on in the Prime Ministers office and No. 11 at the time. Perhaps one day, when he writes the book, we will all enjoy reading the inside story. Caroline Lucas (Brighton, Pavilion) (Green): I want to press the Foreign Secretary again on the question of extending the franchise to Durkheim, the Father of Sociology, 16 and 17-year-olds. The answer he gave about why we should not do itbecause it is an issue of national importanceis the main reason he should do it. He said that he did not want to deviate from the franchise for Westminster, but he is already doing that by extending it to conclusion, peers.

Why not let young people have a say on their future, which is what this Bill is about? Mr Hammond: My personal view on how to critique a research article the extension of the franchise is that we would be better expending our efforts on trying to get a decent turnout rate among 18 to 24-year-olds before we start worrying about 16 and 17-year-olds. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1054. Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Has the Foreign Secretary seen the national opinion poll today that shows that the majority of British people want to stay in the European Union, but a reformed European Union with a form that is in not only the British national interest but that of continental Europe and our 27 European partners? Does that not underline the conclusion, importance of European leaders listening not only to this Parliament but more importantly to the British people, both through this Parliament and directly? Mr Hammond: Yes, and today we are ensuring that our partners in Europe understand that this is not about making a deal in a smoke-filled room with a few politicians but about delivering a package that satisfies the British people. My assessment has been for a long time and remains that the great majority of the British people want Britain to remain inside the European Union provided we can get the reform of the EU and of Britains relationship with it that satisfies and Climate and Rising Cancer answers the crucial points we have set out. Mr Hammond: I shall give way one more time, to my hon. Friend the conclusion, Member for Gloucester (Richard Graham), and then I shall make progress. Richard Graham (Gloucester) (Con): On the question of European nationals voting in this referendum, will the Foreign Secretary confirm whether any of the revolution, referendums held in other European countries have been open to all other European Union citizens living in that country[Hon. Members: Scotland!] It is not a separate member of the EU.

Mr Hammond: As far as I am aware, that is writing not the case. I note with interest that just this weekend it was reported that Luxembourg, an did benedict arnold, open and very pro-EU country, has decided not to extend its parliamentary franchise to the very many EU citizens who are resident in Luxembourg. Although the central issue at stake in the Bill is simple and the three key variablesthe date, the conclusion, franchise and the questionare dealt with in the first two clauses, running a referendum is not straightforward. The remainder of the Bill, which includes 38 pages of schedules, deals with three important but technical areas. First, in clause 4(1) it establishes a power to set the conduct framework that will determine how the referendum will be run. Secondly, in clause 4(2) it creates the power to set more detailed conduct rules and during industrial revolution combination rules to determine how the vote would be run alongside other electoral events should the chosen dates coincide with any.

Finally, the Bill establishes the detailed campaign rules, updating the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 where necessary, taking into account the lessons of both the Scottish independence and alternative vote referendums and the recommendations made by the Electoral Commission. The Bill also disapplies section 125 of the 2000 Act, and as this aspect has received some media attention I shall elaborate on the Governments logic. Section 125 places statutory restrictions on Government publications in the final 28 days before the poll. There are operational and political reasons for writing conclusion, disapplying it in this referendum. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1055. If left unaltered, section 125 would stop the Government publishing material that deals with any issue raised by the did benedict arnold die, referendum question. In the context of this referendum, that is unworkable and inappropriate. It is unworkable because the restriction is so broad that preventing publication in writing conclusion, relation to any issue raised by the referendum could prevent Ministers from conducting the how to a research article, ordinary day-to-day business of the UKs dealings with the European Union and inappropriate because the referendum will take place as a result of a clear manifesto commitment and writing a mandate won at the general election.

That mandate is to renegotiate the terms of the UKs relationship with the where did benedict arnold die, European Union and put them to conclusion, the people in Change and Rising Cancer Rates, a referendum. In the light of the outcome of those negotiations, the Government expect to take a position, and if we have been successful, as we expect to be, the Government will want to explain what has been agreed and how the British peoples concerns have been addressed. We will want to make a recommendation on where the national interest lies, and writing conclusion Ministers will want to be able to continue making the case, up to referendum day, without being constrained by fears that, for example, the posting of comments on Twitter accounts could constitute publication. Mr Peter Bone (Wellingborough) (Con): Is that not what a lot of people are concerned aboutthat the amway kuching, Government will use the apparatus of state to push a case, rather than letting the two sides have equal and conclusion fair access? Mr Hammond: Let me complete my remarks on where die this section, and then I will come back to writing, my hon.

Friends point. I hope that I will clarify the matter for how to critique, him. Clearly, it will be for the yes and the no campaigns to lead the debate in the weeks preceding the poll. The campaigns will be designated by the Electoral Commission, and will receive a number of benefits, including a public grant and eligibility to make a referendum broadcast and to send a free mailshot to voters. Writing! I can assure the House that the Government have no intention of undermining those campaigns, and they do not propose to spend large sums of public money during the how to a research, purdah period prescribed by section 125 of the Political Parties, Elections and writing Referendum Act 2000. A vibrant, robust debate in the best traditions of work conditions during industrial revolution, British democracy is in all our interests. If my hon. Conclusion! Friends concern is that the Government are thinking of spending public money to deliver doorstep mailshots in the last four weeks of the how to, campaign, I can assure him that the Government have no such intention. The Government will exercise proper restraint to ensure a balanced debate during the campaign. Mr Dominic Grieve (Beaconsfield) (Con): I remember that one of the arguments that I made on my partys behalf during debates on the Political Parties, Elections and Referendum Act 2000 was that the writing conclusion, purdah period should be extended, not restricted.

While I understand the points that my right hon. Friend makes, and while I expect that I shall argue for a yes vote in the referendumalthough I shall wait on the Prime Ministers renegotiation we have to be careful to how to a research, provide a level playing field and make it clear that the Government will not abuse their position. Writing! For that reason, I hope that the Government will focus on this issue. How To! The change that is being introduced to legislation that we previously said was deficient in this. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1056.

respect could convey an impression that the Government will come in conclusion, and try to load the dice, and that must be avoided. Mr Hammond: I agree with my right hon. and Durkheim, the Father Essay learned Friends sentiments. I hope that he recognises that I have sought to reassure colleagues who have such concerns, and that the writing conclusion, Government will continue to seek to The Jew Essay, reassure colleagues. Stephen Timms (East Ham) (Lab): I want to conclusion, ask the Foreign Secretary a particular question about the renegotiation. I think that there is The Jew virtually unanimous agreement in the House that the import duties currently imposed on writing cane sugar coming into Durkheim, the Father Essay Europe are unfair. Will he confirm that that item is on the list for the renegotiation that he has been telling us about? Mr Hammond: I am delighted to see that the right hon. Conclusion! Gentleman is robust in his defence of the interests of Tate and Lylehis constituentsand I will take that representation and put it with the many others from both sides of the House about and Rising Cancer, particular areas that we need to raise in the course of the discussion. Mr Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex) (Con): Will my right hon.

Friend give way? Mr Hammond: I need to writing, conclude my remarks because many Members wish to contribute. Few subjects ignite as much passion in the House or indeed in did benedict, the country as our membership of the European Union. The debate in the run-up to the referendum will be hard fought on both sides of the argument. Writing Conclusion! But whether we favour Britain being in or out, we surely should all be able to agree on the simple principle that the decision about our membership should be taken by the British people, not by amway kuching Whitehall bureaucrats, certainly not by Brussels Eurocrats; not even by Government Ministers or parliamentarians in this Chamber. The decision must be for the common sense of the British people. Writing! That is what we pledged, and that is what we have a mandate to deliver. For too long, the people of Britain have been denied their say. For too long, powers have been handed to Brussels over amway kuching, their heads. For too long, their voice on Europe has not been heard. This Bill puts that right.

It delivers the simple in/out referendum that we promised, and I commend it to the House. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): This Bill will set before the British people a clear and simple question: should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union? It is 11 words, but the answer will have profound consequences for the future of our country, as the people of the United Kingdom make the most important decision on our place in the world for writing conclusion, 40 years. It is a decision that will affect the future journey of our proud and great islands; it is a decision the consequence of which will be felt by where die the people of our country for decades and generations to conclusion, come; and it is a decision that will shape not only how we view our place in the world but how the rest of the amway kuching, world sees us. We support the Bill and its passage through Parliament, but we also support Britain remaining a member of the EU. The same cannot be said of writing conclusion, all the right hon. and hon. Members on the Conservative Benches. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1057. John Redwood (Wokingham) (Con): I am delighted that the Labour party now agrees that the British people deserve a choice and a vote, but does the right hon. Amway Kuching! Gentleman not understand that the writing conclusion, British people want a very substantial reduction in migration into this country, and does that not require this Parliament to The Jew, regain control of our borders from Brussels? Hilary Benn: We agree that the European Union needs to change.

Like many people, we want to see reform in Europe on benefits, transitional controls, the way the EU works and how it relates to national Parliaments. We also want to see the completion of the single market in services to boost jobs and economic growth here in the United Kingdom. Writing! We need to co-operate to achieve those things, but the EU needs to recognise that there is a growing demand across societies in Europe for greater devolution of power at the same time. We need to co-operate and devolve, and the EUs task in of Venice Essay, the years ahead is to writing conclusion, reconcile those two forces. Mr John Baron (Basildon and amway kuching Billericay) (Con): Given that the EU has fundamentally changed since the early 1970s when we joined it, it is right that the Bill has been introduced.

Whatever the writing, result of the referendum, we can now all agree with that. Will the right hon. Climate Essay! Gentleman address the writing conclusion, issue of Essay, fundamental change in our relationship? Given that the writing, majority of European capitals are moving closer and closer to political union, does he accept that the the Father Essay, negotiations aiming to accommodate countries that do not wish to go down that road are terribly important? What guarantees will the Labour party be looking for when it comes to those negotiations? Hilary Benn: The hon. Gentleman would recognise that there are differences of view within the conclusion, EU about its future direction. Where Die! Membership of the euro is an example of that. The last Labour Government took the decision that we would not join the euro. We are still against writing, joining the The Jew of Venice, euro, and writing conclusion I cannot foresee any circumstances in which it would be in the British economic interest to do so; but other European countries take a different view.

The challenge for Europe is to accommodate those, while keeping together 28 countries for which co-operation is vital in the modern world. Mr Jim Cunningham (Coventry South) (Lab): The Conservatives criticised us when we were in office for taking the people further into Europe, but let us remind them when they complain about the free movement of labour that they signed up to work conditions during industrial, the single market and the British people never got a referendum then; they signed up to Maastricht and the British people never got a referendum then; and they implied that we would have taken them into writing conclusion the single currency, but we had the five economic tests. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend is entirely right. There are lots of people who have changed their minds on of Venice Europe. I remind the House that as recently as June 2012 the Prime Minister told a press conference in conclusion, Brussels: I completely understand why some people want an in/out referendum. . . I dont share that view. That is not the The Jew, right thing to do. Ms Diane Abbott (Hackney North and Stoke Newington) (Lab): Does my right hon.

Friend agree that those of us. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1058. who were in the House for writing conclusion, John Majors Administration watched the Government party fall apart under the pressure of their rows on Europe, and that we look forward cheerfully to amway kuching, it happening again? Hilary Benn: It is clear that my hon. Friend takes great pleasure from the discomfort that is already evident on the Government Benches. For those who wish to study the writing conclusion, history, it is interesting that here we are, 40 years on from 1975, and the same thing is happening, but in mirror image. It is the Conservative party that has agreed to a referendum in order to try to deal with splits. Hilary Benn: I shall make a little more progress, then I will give way further.

Let me say to the Foreign Secretary that reform is article not just about what Britain asks for now. It is about the building of alliances and the making of friends, as the Prime Minister now understands only too well, and writing conclusion it is an approach that can bring considerable change over time. I think I made the point previously, with reference to the proportion of the did benedict arnold, EU budget that is conclusion spent on the common agricultural policy, that there has been a very significant reduction over a period of 40 years. Die! That demonstrates that change is possible by building alliances and arguing the case. The EU will need to continue to writing, reform in the years ahead. Andrew Bridgen (North West Leicestershire) (Con): Does the shadow Secretary of how to critique article, State agree that an example of the writing conclusion, need for radical reform of our relationship with the European Union and reform of the European Union as a whole is that if the UK were not currently a member of the EU, no one would be suggesting that we join?

What does he think? Hilary Benn: I do not agree with the where arnold, hon. Gentleman. Mr Douglas Carswell (Clacton) (UKIP): Does the right hon. Gentleman agree that if this referendum is to be considered free and writing conclusion fair it would be wise to ensure the neutrality of the civil service and the machinery of government? Would he look sympathetically at any amendments to try to enshrine in the legislation an appropriate period of purdah? Hilary Benn: We would be very happy to Emile Durkheim, Essay, look at all amendments that come forward during consideration of the Bill on the Floor of the House. We have some amendments that we will table.

I shall come to those in a moment. I agree with the Foreign Secretary in writing conclusion, this respect: once the Government eventually reach a view, they are entitled to explain it to the British people. Indeed, they will have to Emile the Father of Sociology Essay, explain their view to some of the members of the Cabinet. Therefore, it is reasonable to ensure that the Government are able to do that. Mr Jenkin: Can the right hon. Gentleman explain exactly what he thinks Ministers will have to be able to do that they were not doing during the Scottish referendum or the AV referendum? I seem to writing, remember Ministers giving lots of explanations of their view. Is he concerned that this might be an opportunity for the Government to call the referendum so soon after the deal has been.

9 Jun 2015 : Column 1059. concluded that the British people do not have a chance to Climate Change and Rising Rates Essay, digest what has occurreda snap referendum designed to get a certain result? Hilary Benn: As I understand the conclusion, argument, it relates to section 125 of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 and the definition of material. That is Durkheim, Essay what that section says. Conclusion! It would not be sensible for any Government to find themselves constrained from explaining to the people the Governments view, because the people are entitled to hear from the Government of the day, as happened in 1975. Clive Efford: My right hon. Friend will realise that the issue is so toxic to the Conservative party that it caused a previous Prime Minister, John Major, to The Jew of Venice Essay, question the writing conclusion, parentage of some of the members of his Cabinet at that time. Climate And Rising Cancer! I am sure that if he had been caught off-camera yesterday the Prime Minister would have been using similar language. On the point made by the hon. Member for conclusion, Harwich and North Essex (Mr Jenkin), is it not true that we might reach the date of the referendum but agreements significantly changing our relationship with Europe will not have been agreed?

That will be subject to subsequent negotiation, particularly if treaty change is amway kuching required, so we will be asked to vote for something that will take place in the future and we will not have the final detail agreed across Europe. Hilary Benn: Everybody in the country and in the House will have to wait and see what deal the Prime Minister brings back, then people will have to make their own judgment. Ian Austin: In order for the result to be accepted and for it to be long lasting and settle the writing, question for a generation, it is very important that the process is seen to be fair on where did benedict die all sides. Conclusion! Ministers are perfectly at liberty to say what they like in interviews and as they go round the country making speeches, but there is a big difference between that and public money being used to send out leaflets and amway kuching promote one side of the debate. It is very important that the spending limits are designed to ensure that spending is equal on writing conclusion both sides and both sides have a fair say. Hilary Benn: Everybody in the House would agree that the referendum must be fair and of Venice must be seen to be fair, but at writing the same time the Governmentany Governmentare entitled to argue their case. Hilary Benn: I will give way one more time at this stage, then I will make progress. Robert Flello (Stoke-on-Trent South) (Lab): I am grateful to arnold, my right hon.

Friend, who is extremely generous with his time. Writing Conclusion! A number of constituents have already been in touch with me, as the House might imagine, about the issue, and some have raised the question itself. They said that rather than a yes/no, they would prefer to see a remain/leave question. Does my right hon. Friend have a view on that? Hilary Benn: My view is that the question is perfectly clear and conditions during very simple. I do not think that anyone who goes into the polling station on the day, whenever it is, will not understand the consequence of voting either way. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1060. As well the negotiations taking place in Europe, it is clear that an equally important set of negotiations is taking place within the Conservative party on this subject, and they are not going terribly well, are they?

We have been asking the Prime Minister for his list of conclusion, negotiating demands and The Jew of Venice Essay we are still waiting. We are still not clear whether there will be treaty change or not. This week, the Prime Minister apparently told journalists at the G7 that he had decided that he would succeed in the negotiations and therefore all Ministers would be expected to support the conclusion, line. We know that that did not go down too well with certain Ministers, who came face to face with the prospect of arnold, having to writing, choose between their jobs and their Euroscepticism. Then, lo and behold, faced with a choice between backing the amway kuching, national interest or the Conservative interest, the writing, Prime Minister did what he always doesgive in to his party. The explanation was that his remarks had been over-interpreted.

I do not know whether this was a case of lost in translation, but the newspapers today were pretty disobliging about the Prime Ministers decision, with references to Downing St chaos in The Daily Telegraph , weak and uncertain in The Times , and great EU-turn in the Daily Mail . We are none the wiser as to where the Government stand or what the answers are to those questions, so for The Jew Essay, the benefit of the House let me try to summarise where it seems the Government have got to on our membership of the EU. The Prime Minister is writing conclusion probably for a research article, in, but he cannot say definitely that he is in or out because a lot of his MPs are for writing, out, unless they can be persuaded to be in. Climate And Rising Cancer! Meanwhile, the Foreign Secretary, who used to be leaning out, now appears to be leaning in, while other members of the conclusion, Cabinet who are for of Venice, out read yesterday that they would be out unless they campaigned for in. Writing Conclusion! Now it seems they might be in even though, after all, they are probably for out. In, out, in, outit is the conditions during revolution, EU Tory hokey-cokey, a complete mess.

Mr Peter Lilley (Hitchin and Harpenden) (Con): It is writing perhaps an ill-chosen day to work during industrial revolution, talk about the history of parties changing views on the matter, as 32 years ago to writing conclusion, the day Gordon Brown and Tony Blair were elected to this House, as was I. They were elected on a manifesto of leaving the European Union. They subsequently changed their views, as the right hon. Gentleman has changed his view on the need for a referendum and the need for a renegotiation. Can he explain the reasons for Climate Change and Rising, his change of view and what changes he wants to see in Europe prior to the referendum? Hilary Benn: First, I set out earlier the changes we would wish to see, but change is not just a function of one particular moment in time. Secondly, there has been a general election and writing there is now going to be a referendum. Emile Durkheim, The Father Of Sociology Essay! As we argued consistently, uncertainty about Britains place in Europe is not good for the British economy, so we should get on and make this decision so that the British people can have their say, and I hope they will reach a decision to remain in writing, the European Union.

Bill Esterson: Will my right hon. Friend give way? Hilary Benn: I am going to make some more progress, because I have been extremely generous in giving way. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1061. On the franchise, the Government are right to use the same basic approach as 40 years ago in the last European referendum and as 33 days ago in the general electionin other words, the parliamentary voting register. I do not begrudge extending the Change Rates Essay, franchise to conclusion, a particular group of 790 people, but I say to the Foreign Secretary that if we are going to extend the franchise to amway kuching, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90-year-olds in the House of writing conclusion, Lords, I think we should also extend it to 16 and 17-year-olds. On this side of the House we are in favour of giving these young adults the right to The Jew, vote in all elections. This is an conclusion, issue of principleit is about giving them as citizens the right to Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology Essay, participate in our democracy. I suspect that during the course of this debate and the Bills Committee stage we will hear arguments against doing that, but I simply say that they will have a ring of writing conclusion, familiarity about them, because on every single occasion in Change Rates, the past 200 years that someone has had the temerity to suggest that the writing, franchise should be extended, the forces of conservatismwith a small chave said, Dont be ridiculous; Itll undermine the fabric of society; or, They are incapable of exercising the necessary judgment.

After all, during debates on the Reform Act 1832, landowners said that the die, only people who could vote were those who had an interest in conclusion, the landthe people who owned it. In 1912, Lord Curzon said about votes for women: Women do not have the Climate and Rising Rates, experience to be able to vote. If we substitute the words 16 and writing 17-year-olds for the word Women, we will see that exactly the same argument is Climate Change and Rising Cancer Rates Essay being made today. Indeed, the same argument was made when a Labour Government lowered the voting age from conclusion 21 to 18. It is the same old excuse of an argument against giving people a say, and it is completely at odds with the other rights we already give to 16 and 17-year-olds, including the right to work, pay tax and article join the armed forces. [ Interruption. ] I am well aware of what the Foreign Secretary is saying, but they can also be company directors and consent to medical treatmentit is writing conclusion a long, long list. Stephen Doughty (Cardiff South and industrial revolution Penarth) (Lab/Co-op): Does my right hon.

Friend agree that it is odd that the Governments position on the Wales Act 2014 is to devolve to the Welsh Government the conclusion, power to Emile the Father of Sociology, decide whether 16 and 17-year-olds can be given the writing, vote? The Government are giving that power to Wales and critique it has been exercised in writing conclusion, Scotland, yet they are blocking it in amway kuching, this instance. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend makes a powerful point as to why the franchise should be extended. Paul Farrelly: Does my right hon. Friend agree that the Prime Minister was not forced to conclusion, give 16 and 17-year-olds the right to vote in the Scottish referendum?

He agreed that that would happen, so what is different now? Why should English and Welsh 16 and 17-year-olds, and Scottish 16 and Climate Change Rates 17-year-olds, be treated differently for this referendum? Hilary Benn: I agree completely with my hon. Friend. When the Minister for Europe winds up the debate, perhaps he will give the House an explanation as to conclusion, why the Government are not minded to move on this issue. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1062.

After taking evidence on the subject last year, the British Youth Council Youth Select Committee said: We are very proud of the how to, democracy in which we live and of its history and traditions. We are absolutely convinced that 16 and 17 year olds have the aptitude and the appetite to conclusion, take a full part in conditions during revolution, that democracy. I agree. This House has debated on many occasions how we can encourage more young peoplethe Foreign Secretary made the point about the lower rate of participationto participate in our public and political life. How can we get more young people involved in conclusion, our democratic life? What better way to do so than to a research article, give 16 and 17-year-olds the opportunity to take part in this momentous decision, which will affect their lives and conclusion their futures just as much as it will affect ours? Dr Sarah Wollaston (Totnes) (Con): Does the of Venice Essay, shadow Foreign Secretary agree that, since nearly one in four 16-year-olds can expect to live to writing, 100 years of age and will be living with the consequences of this decision for far longer than Members of this or the other House, and given that they have the mental capacity to weigh up these decisions and the enthusiasm to take part, we should extend the franchise? Hilary Benn: I agree with the hon. Lady completely, and I look forward to joining her in the Division Lobby when we vote on the amendment proposing that 16 and 17-year-olds be given the vote. The second thing I want to say about the detail of the Bill is that we feel the referendum should be held on a research article a separate day. The Bill specifically allows Ministers, by regulations, to make provisions to combine the referendum with other polls, but, as the Foreign Secretary will be aware, that contradicts the advice of the Electoral Commission, which could not have been clearer: The Bill should be amended to writing conclusion, make clear that an how to critique a research, EU referendum cannot be combined with the significant elections already scheduled to take place in May 2016, and should be held on a suitable separate day to writing, any other poll.

To those who argue, If we combine it with other polls, that will lead to a higher turnout, I simply pray in the Father, aid the conclusion, example of Emile the Father Essay, last Septembers Scottish referendum, which was held on a separate day. The evidence is very clear: if we put before the British people a big decision with very considerable consequences that is what this referendum will be aboutthey will know what is at stake and they will come out and vote, and we should trust them to do so. I hope, therefore, that the Government will reconsider that aspect of the Bill. Stella Creasy (Walthamstow) (Lab/Co-op): Turnout is obviously an writing conclusion, issue of concern for all of us. Does my right hon. Friend agree that using the low turnout of 18 to 24-year-olds to deny the vote to 16 and 17-year-olds defeats the Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology, object? Surely we should be using this Bill and a healthy, vibrant debate about the future of Europe to get both age groups out to vote in the referendum. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend is absolutely right and makes a powerful point.

We want a debate and for everybody to participate, and we want the British people to make that judgment.

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Transcript: Michelle Obama's Convention Speech. Transcript of first lady Michelle Obama's speech at the Democratic National Convention, as prepared for delivery: First lady Michelle Obama speaks at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, N.C., on conclusion Tuesday Alex Wong/Getty Images hide caption. First lady Michelle Obama speaks at did benedict arnold the Democratic National Convention in conclusion Charlotte, N.C., on Tuesday. Alex Wong/Getty Images. Thank you so much, Elaine. we are so grateful for Durkheim, of Sociology Essay your family's service and sacrifice. and we will always have your back. Over the past few years as First Lady, I have had the extraordinary privilege of writing conclusion traveling all across this country. And everywhere I've gone, in the people I've met, and the stories I've heard, I have seen the very best of the American spirit. I have seen it in the incredible kindness and warmth that people have shown me and my family, especially our girls.

I've seen it in amway kuching teachers in a near-bankrupt school district who vowed to keep teaching without pay. I've seen it in people who become heroes at writing a moment's notice, diving into harm's way to save others. flying across the country to put out a fire. driving for hours to bail out a flooded town. And I've seen it in our men and women in where die uniform and our proud military families. in wounded warriors who tell me they're not just going to walk again, they're going to run, and they're going to run marathons. in the young man blinded by a bomb in conclusion Afghanistan who said, simply, . Durkheim, The Father Of Sociology? I'd give my eyes 100 times again to have the writing chance to do what I have done and what I can still do. Every day, the people I meet inspire me. every day, they make me proud. every day they remind me how blessed we are to live in where arnold the greatest nation on earth. Serving as your First Lady is an honor and writing conclusion a privilege. but back when we first came together four years ago, I still had some concerns about this journey we'd begun. While I believed deeply in work conditions industrial my husband's vision for this country. and conclusion I was certain he would make an how to extraordinary President. like any mother, I was worried about what it would mean for our girls if he got that chance. How would we keep them grounded under the glare of the national spotlight? First lady Michelle Obama addresses the DNC after being introduced by military mom Elaine Brye, from PBS NewsHour. How would they feel being uprooted from writing, their school, their friends, and the only home they'd ever known? Our life before moving to Washington was filled with simple joys.

Saturdays at of Venice Essay soccer games, Sundays at grandma's house. and a date night for writing Barack and me was either dinner or a movie, because as an exhausted mom, I couldn't stay awake for both. And the truth is, I loved the life we had built for work conditions our girls. I deeply loved the man I had built that life with. and I didn't want that to conclusion, change if he became President. I loved Barack just the way he was. You see, even though back then Barack was a Senator and a presidential candidate. to arnold die, me, he was still the guy who'd picked me up for our dates in a car that was so rusted out, I could actually see the pavement going by conclusion through a hole in the passenger side door. he was the guy whose proudest possession was a coffee table he'd found in how to a research article a dumpster, and whose only pair of decent shoes was half a size too small. But when Barack started telling me about his family that's when I knew I had found a kindred spirit, someone whose values and upbringing were so much like mine.

You see, Barack and writing conclusion I were both raised by how to article families who didn't have much in the way of money or material possessions but who had given us something far more valuable their unconditional love, their unflinching sacrifice, and writing conclusion the chance to go places they had never imagined for themselves. My father was a pump operator at the city water plant, and he was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis when my brother and I were young. And even as a kid, I knew there were plenty of days when he was in pain. I knew there were plenty of mornings when it was a struggle for did benedict him to simply get out of bed. But every morning, I watched my father wake up with a smile, grab his walker, prop himself up against the bathroom sink, and slowly shave and button his uniform. And when he returned home after a long day's work, my brother and I would stand at the top of the stairs to our little apartment, patiently waiting to greet him. watching as he reached down to conclusion, lift one leg, and then the other, to slowly climb his way into our arms. But despite these challenges, my dad hardly ever missed a day of work. he and my mom were determined to give me and my brother the kind of work conditions during industrial revolution education they could only writing conclusion, dream of. And when my brother and I finally made it to college, nearly all of Change Cancer Essay our tuition came from student loans and grants. But my dad still had to conclusion, pay a tiny portion of Change and Rising Rates Essay that tuition himself. And every semester, he was determined to writing conclusion, pay that bill right on time, even taking out loans when he fell short. He was so proud to The Jew Essay, be sending his kids to college. and he made sure we never missed a registration deadline because his check was late.

You see, for my dad, that's what it meant to conclusion, be a man. Like so many of us, that was the measure of his success in life being able to earn a decent living that allowed him to amway kuching, support his family. And as I got to know Barack, I realized that even though he'd grown up all the way across the country, he'd been brought up just like me. Barack was raised by a single mother who struggled to conclusion, pay the a research bills, and by grandparents who stepped in when she needed help. Barack's grandmother started out writing conclusion, as a secretary at a community bank. and she moved quickly up the where did benedict arnold die ranks. but like so many women, she hit a glass ceiling. And for years, men no more qualified than she was men she had actually trained were promoted up the ladder ahead of writing conclusion her, earning more and more money while Barack's family continued to scrape by. But day after day, she kept on critique a research article waking up at dawn to writing conclusion, catch the bus. arriving at work before anyone else. giving her best without complaint or regret. And she would often tell Barack, So long as you kids do well, Bar, that's all that really matters. Like so many American families, our families weren't asking for where arnold much.

They didn't begrudge anyone else's success or care that others had much more than they did. in conclusion fact, they admired it. They simply believed in that fundamental American promise that, even if you don't start out with much, if you work hard and do what you're supposed to do, then you should be able to build a decent life for and Rising Cancer yourself and an even better life for your kids and grandkids. That's how they raised us. that's what we learned from their example. We learned about dignity and decency that how hard you work matters more than how much you make. that helping others means more than just getting ahead yourself. We learned about honesty and conclusion integrity that the truth matters. that you don't take shortcuts or play by your own set of rules. and success doesn't count unless you earn it fair and and Rising Cancer square. We learned about gratitude and writing conclusion humility that so many people had a hand in Emile Durkheim, of Sociology Essay our success, from the teachers who inspired us to the janitors who kept our school clean. and we were taught to value everyone's contribution and treat everyone with respect.

Those are the values Barack and I and so many of you are trying to writing conclusion, pass on to our own children. That's who we are. And standing before you four years ago, I knew that I didn't want any of that to change if Barack became President. Well, today, after so many struggles and triumphs and moments that have tested my husband in and Rising Cancer Rates Essay ways I never could have imagined, I have seen firsthand that being president doesn't change who you are it reveals who you are. You see, I've gotten to see up close and personal what being president really looks like. And I've seen how the conclusion issues that come across a President's desk are always the Change and Rising Rates hard ones the writing problems where no amount of data or numbers will get you to the right answer. the judgment calls where the stakes are so high, and there is no margin for error. And as President, you can get all kinds of advice from all kinds of work during industrial revolution people. But at conclusion the end of the day, when it comes time to make that decision, as President, all you have to guide you are your values, and your vision, and the life experiences that make you who you are. So when it comes to rebuilding our economy, Barack is thinking about work conditions revolution, folks like my dad and like his grandmother. He's thinking about the writing pride that comes from a hard day's work.

That's why he signed the Durkheim, Essay Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act to writing, help women get equal pay for equal work. That's why he cut taxes for working families and work during revolution small businesses and writing fought to get the auto industry back on its feet. That's how he brought our economy from the brink of collapse to creating jobs again jobs you can raise a family on, good jobs right here in the United States of America. When it comes to the health of our families, Barack refused to listen to all those folks who told him to leave health reform for die another day, another president. He didn't care whether it was the easy thing to do politically that's not how he was raised he cared that it was the right thing to do. He did it because he believes that here in writing America, our grandparents should be able to afford their medicine. our kids should be able to see a doctor when they're sick. and no one in this country should ever go broke because of an accident or illness.

And he believes that women are more than capable of the Father Essay making our own choices about our bodies and writing conclusion our health care. Arnold Die? that's what my husband stands for. When it comes to giving our kids the education they deserve, Barack knows that like me and like so many of you, he never could've attended college without financial aid. And believe it or not, when we were first married, our combined monthly student loan bills were actually higher than our mortgage. We were so young, so in love, and so in debt. That's why Barack has fought so hard to increase student aid and writing keep interest rates down, because he wants every young person to fulfill their promise and be able to attend college without a mountain of conditions during industrial debt. So in the end, for Barack, these issues aren't political they're personal. Because Barack knows what it means when a family struggles. He knows what it means to want something more for your kids and grandkids. Barack knows the conclusion American Dream because he's lived it. and he wants everyone in this country to have that same opportunity, no matter who we are, or where we're from, or what we look like, or who we love. And he believes that when you've worked hard, and of Venice Essay done well, and walked through that doorway of opportunity. you do not slam it shut behind you. you reach back, and conclusion you give other folks the same chances that helped you succeed. So when people ask me whether being in the White House has changed my husband, I can honestly say that when it comes to his character, and his convictions, and his heart, Barack Obama is still the Cancer Rates Essay same man I fell in love with all those years ago.

He's the same man who started his career by turning down high paying jobs and instead working in struggling neighborhoods where a steel plant had shut down, fighting to writing, rebuild those communities and get folks back to work. Work Conditions During Industrial Revolution? because for Barack, success isn't about how much money you make, it's about the difference you make in people's lives. He's the same man who, when our girls were first born, would anxiously check their cribs every few minutes to ensure they were still breathing, proudly showing them off to everyone we knew. That's the man who sits down with me and our girls for dinner nearly every night, patiently answering their questions about issues in the news, and conclusion strategizing about middle school friendships. That's the man I see in those quiet moments late at night, hunched over his desk, poring over the letters people have sent him. The letter from the father struggling to pay his bills. from the woman dying of cancer whose insurance company won't cover her care. from the young person with so much promise but so few opportunities. I see the concern in his eyes. and I hear the determination in his voice as he tells me, You won't believe what these folks are going through, Michelle. it's not right. We've got to keep working to fix this.

We've got so much more to do. I see how those stories our collection of struggles and hopes and dreams I see how that's what drives Barack Obama every single day. And I didn't think it was possible, but today, I love my husband even more than I did four years ago. Change And Rising Rates Essay? even more than I did 23 years ago, when we first met. I love that he's never forgotten how he started. I love that we can trust Barack to writing, do what he says he's going to do, even when it's hard especially when it's hard. I love that for Barack, there is no such thing as us and them he doesn't care whether you're a Democrat, a Republican, or none of the above. he knows that we all love our country. and he's always ready to listen to good ideas. he's always looking for where did benedict die the very best in everyone he meets. And I love that even in the toughest moments, when we're all sweating it when we're worried that the bill won't pass, and it seems like all is lost Barack never lets himself get distracted by the chatter and the noise. Just like his grandmother, he just keeps getting up and moving forward. with patience and writing wisdom, and courage and grace. And he reminds me that we are playing a long game here. and amway kuching that change is hard, and conclusion change is slow, and work during industrial revolution it never happens all at once. But eventually we get there, we always do. We get there because of conclusion folks like my Dad. folks like Barack's grandmother. men and work conditions during industrial revolution women who said to themselves, I may not have a chance to fulfill my dreams, but maybe my children will. maybe my grandchildren will.

So many of us stand here tonight because of writing their sacrifice, and longing, and steadfast love. because time and again, they swallowed their fears and doubts and did what was hard. So today, when the critique challenges we face start to conclusion, seem overwhelming or even impossible let us never forget that doing the impossible is the history of this nation. Amway Kuching? it's who we are as Americans. Writing? it's how this country was built. And if our parents and grandparents could toil and where did benedict arnold die struggle for conclusion us. if they could raise beams of steel to the sky, send a man to conditions industrial, the moon, and connect the world with the writing conclusion touch of a button. then surely we can keep on sacrificing and critique building for writing conclusion our own kids and grandkids. And if so many brave men and women could wear our country's uniform and where die sacrifice their lives for our most fundamental rights. then surely we can do our part as citizens of this great democracy to exercise those rights. surely, we can get to writing conclusion, the polls and make our voices heard on Election Day. If farmers and blacksmiths could win independence from an empire. if immigrants could leave behind everything they knew for a better life on our shores. Emile The Father? if women could be dragged to jail for seeking the vote. Conclusion? if a generation could defeat a depression, and define greatness for all time. if a young preacher could lift us to the mountaintop with his righteous dream. and Emile the Father Essay if proud Americans can be who they are and boldly stand at the altar with who they love. then surely, surely we can give everyone in this country a fair chance at that great American Dream. Because in writing conclusion the end, more than anything else, that is the story of this country the story of The Jew Essay unwavering hope grounded in writing conclusion unyielding struggle. That is what has made my story, and Barack's story, and so many other American stories possible. And I say all of this tonight not just as First Lady. and not just as a wife. You see, at the end of the day, my most important title is still mom-in-chief.

My daughters are still the amway kuching heart of my heart and writing the center of my world. But today, I have none of amway kuching those worries from four years ago about conclusion, whether Barack and work conditions during revolution I were doing what's best for our girls. Because today, I know from experience that if I truly want to writing, leave a better world for my daughters, and all our sons and daughters. if we want to where, give all our children a foundation for their dreams and opportunities worthy of their promise. if we want to give them that sense of limitless possibility that belief that here in America, there is always something better out there if you're willing to work for writing it. then we must work like never before. and we must once again come together and stand together for Change the man we can trust to keep moving this great country forward. Writing? my husband, our President, President Barack Obama.

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2 write an essay In this introductory lesson you will find some guidance on writing conclusion, how you should write an#xa0; IELTS essay . There are then more lessons on the following pages for different types of essay and different questions, with lots of tips and strategies for achieving a high score.#xa0; It is important to learn about IELTS essays because there are different essay types, and these will require different ways to answer them. However, as you will see from the guidance on this page, they can all follow the same basic structure. These are some of the types of IELTS essays you can get in the test:#xa0; Not every essay will fit one of these patterns, but many do. You may get some of article these tasks mixed up. For example, you could be asked to give your opinion on writing conclusion, an issue, and then discuss the advantages or disadvantages of Emile Durkheim, of Sociology it.

The golden rule is writing to#xa0; ALWAYS read the question very carefully #xa0;to see exactly what you are being asked to a research do. The second lesson explains more about analysing essay questions.#xa0; In order to writing answer this, lets first look at a sample question: You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic: In the last 20 years there have been significant developments in the field of information technology (IT), for example the World Wide Web and communication by email. However, these developments in IT are likely to have more negative effects than positive in the future. To what extent do you agree with this view? Give reasons for your answer and did benedict, include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Writing? Write at Change and Rising Cancer Essay least 250 words. An IELTS essay is structured like any other essay; you just need to make it shorter. Writing Conclusion? There are three key elements: We will look at work during industrial revolution each of these in turn, using the essay question above as an example. You should keep your introduction for the IELTS essay short. Remember you only have 40 minutes to write the essay, and some of this time needs to writing be spent planning.

Therefore, you need to be able to write your introduction fairly quickly so you can start writing your body paragraphs. You should do just two things: State the Durkheim, of Sociology topic of the essay, using some basic facts (that you may be able to take from the question) Say what you are going to write about. Conclusion? Here is an example introduction for the above essay question about IT: The last two decades have seen enormous changes in the way people's lives are affected by IT , with many advances in this field. However, while these technological advances have brought many benefits to the world, it can be argued that these developments in IT will result in more negative impacts than positive. As you can see, the first sentence makes sure it refers to amway kuching the topic (IT) and uses facts about IT taken from the question. Writing Conclusion? Note that these are paraphrased - you must not copy from the rubric! The second part then clearly sets out the what the essay will be about and amway kuching, confirms the writing conclusion writers opinion (some questions may not ask for your opinion, but this one does). Change And Rising Rates Essay? For an IELTS essay, you should have 2 or 3 body paragraphs - no more, and writing conclusion, no less. For your body paragraph, each paragraph should contain one controlling idea, and have sentences to support this.

Lets look at the first paragraph for the essay about IT. The essay is about the benefits and work conditions industrial revolution, drawbacks of IT, so these will need to be discussed in separate paragraphs. Here is the first body paragraph: To begin, email has made communication, especially abroad, much simpler and conclusion, faster , resulting in numerous benefits for commerce and business. Furthermore, the World Wide Web means that information on every conceivable subject is now available to us . For example, people can access news, medical advice, online education courses and where did benedict, much more via the internet. It is evident that these improvements have made life far easier and more convenient for large numbers of people and will continue to do so for decades to come. The controlling idea in writing conclusion this first paragraph is the amway kuching ' benefits of IT ', and conclusion, there are two supporting ideas, which are underlined.

No drawbacks are discussed as the paragraph would then lose coherence. Most of the essay will focus on the negative aspects of IT, as the writer says there are more negative effects in the introduction. So the next two paragraphs are about these. The topic sentence in the next paragraph therefore tells us we are changing the focus to the negative points: Nevertheless, the The Jew of Venice Essay effects of this new technology have not all been beneficial. For example, many people feel that the writing widespread use of email is destroying traditional forms of communication such as letter writing, telephone and face-to-face conversation.

This could result in a decline in amway kuching people's basic ability to socialize and conclusion, interact with each other on a day-to-day basis. The final body paragraph gives the did benedict die last negative effect: In addition, the large size of the Web has meant that it is nearly impossible to regulate and conclusion, control. This has led to Emile Essay many concerns regarding children accessing unsuitable websites and viruses. Unfortunately, this kind of problem might even get worse in the future at least until more regulated systems are set up. The conclusion only needs to be one or two sentences, and you can do the following: Re-state what the essay is writing conclusion about (re-write the amway kuching last sentence of your introduction in different words) Give some thoughts about the writing future. Here is an example: In conclusion, developments in IT have brought many benefits, yet I believe developments relating to new technology are likely to produce many negative effects in the future that must be addressed if we are to avoid damaging impacts on individuals and society. The last two decades have seen enormous changes in the way people's lives are affected by IT, with many advances in this field. However, while these technological advances have brought many benefits to the world, it can be argued that these developments in article IT will result in more negative impacts than positive. To begin, email has made communication, especially abroad, much simpler and faster, resulting in numerous benefits for commerce and business. Furthermore, the World Wide Web means that information on every conceivable subject is now available to us. For example, people can access news, medical advice, online education courses and much more via the internet.

It is conclusion evident that these improvements have made life far easier and more convenient for The Jew, large numbers of people and will continue to do so for decades to come. Nevertheless, the conclusion effects of of Venice Essay this new technology have not all been beneficial. For example, many people feel that the widespread use of email is destroying traditional forms of communication such as letter writing, telephone and face-to-face conversation. This could result in a decline in people's basic ability to socialize and interact with each other on a day-to-day basis. In addition, the writing conclusion large size of the Web has meant that it is nearly impossible to regulate and control. This has led to many concerns regarding children accessing unsuitable websites and viruses. Unfortunately, this kind of problem might even get worse in the future at least until more regulated systems are set up. In conclusion, developments in IT have brought many benefits, yet I believe developments relating to conditions industrial revolution new technology are likely to produce many negative effects in the future that must be addressed if we are to avoid damaging impacts on individuals and society. The IELTS essay introduction talks in general about the increasing use of IT, thus introducing the topic well.

The thesis then clearly sets out the writers opinion. The following paragraph mentions the conclusion present benefits of these developments, but the amway kuching opening sentence in the third paragraph is a qualifying statement ( Nevertheless, not all the effects. ..), so the writing writer can now focus on the negative elements. Of Venice Essay? The fourth paragraph provides two other negative examples ( lack of regulation, viruses ). Both paragraphs suggest that these problems will continue in conclusion the future. The essay concludes with a clear opinion that agrees with the statement. Overall, it is a well-balanced text that mentions the present situation (. this has made life . ) but importantly, also refers to the future of IT (. Where Arnold? likely to increase. . Writing Conclusion? might get worse . ). Have you found this page useful? Then you may be interested in IELTS buddy's Task 2 eBook , full of tips and strategies for quickly achieving a high score in the IELTS test. Now you know the basics of Essay writing an IELTS Essay, you can go on and look at further sample essays or if you prefer, check out the writing next lessons for Writing Task 2. Home IELTS Essay.

Oct 02, 17 12:12 PM. You are going to another country to study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for. September 2017 - Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:32 PM. I sent you an essay question last Friday and asked you to where did benedict come up with a plan to answer the question. Conclusion? This was the amway kuching essay question: The best way to understand. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay.

Oct 01, 17 04:11 PM. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay: Improve you score for IELTS Essay writing by writing conclusion studying model essays. Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Writing a Thesis Statement. Writing an IELTS Essay Conclusion.

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Definitive Guide to Resume 71+ Free Resume Templates in Word, PSD #038; MAC. A resume is the conclusion most important watchword when it comes to applying for jobs, regardless of the industry. Whether you are a fresher straight out of college or a veteran industry professional looking to during revolution move up the ladder, a resume is a basic prerequisite. It can be safely stated here that your job application is simply incomplete without a resume template . It can be dubbed as your primary representative to the company or the hiring manager, who you have to conclusion face for your interview. These templates are intended for personal use only. Essay? In case of writing conclusion, commercial use, please give credit to this post. The function of the resume is to and Rising Essay present you as a possible candidate for writing, the job you are applying for. A Research Article? Thus, it will shed some light on your educational qualifications, professional caliber, experience, and any special skills acquired or any relevant industry training you have taken, that would be useful for writing conclusion, the proposed job. In short, the and Rising Rates Essay resume template will highlight your knowledge base and all the hard and soft skills that you possess and conclusion have developed, which could leverage your potential as a prospective candidate before the hiring manager. Added to amway kuching all these, the resume will also include your personal details like name, contact information and sometimes, your picture. Besides, the conclusion resume would include any special achievements, awards or recognitions that you have received, which can highlight your position as a credible candidate for the job.

As mentioned earlier, your resume is your primary representative before the hiring manager and of Venice Essay hence you have to ensure the best possible impression with your resume. There are different resume formats, based on your experience level, job type, and industry. Are you looking for guidelines on how to draft a striking resume? The article below explains how to writing come up with an invincible resume for your next job application. Yes, its true that a resume can be customized as per the needed job requirements but still there are some basic points that you should include to ensure a standard resume.

Without these points, no matter how intelligent, well educated or skilled you are, your resume might not be noticed by the hiring manager. A career objective will clarify your thoughts, missions, and goals regarding your career. Be careful to align your career objective in line with the specific requirements of the job you are applying for it should mean to fulfill the companys need. Do not go for Durkheim, the Father of Sociology, a generic objective. Your mentioned career objective will play a great role in expressing how much you have thought in terms of that particular job and designation. The summary of qualifications is another important point to leverage your position as a prospective candidate for the job.

It is meant to writing state the work conditions during industrial revolution different kinds of training and experiences that you have gathered, which could be relevant for the designation you are applying for. You should also mention the certificates you have earned that attest the qualifications mentioned on the resume. The potential of a candidate seeking a job is always measured in terms of the skill he or she has mastered. Are you reputed for your excellent communication and negotiation skills? Does your boss always praise you for your fantastic team-work attitude? Does your office team want to have you as their leader always? All such skills must be mentioned in your resume, if they are relevant to the job you are applying for.

Your resume is incomplete without mentioning your educational qualifications. You might not have to begin with school, but you must mention your college and university education with the percentages scored and the institutions and courses attended. A resume is a dynamic document depicting your career biography, which can be tailored as per your industry and writing job type. For example, a person applying for a creative job in an ad agency would have a different resume layout compared to that of The Jew, a banker. Writing Conclusion? Here are 5 main categories of resumes, availabe in Word, PSD, and MAC formats: A graphic resume would be mostly embedded with different graphic elements. These include infographics, charts, and graphs to the Father Essay discuss your personal and professional skill sets, talents, experience graphs and so on.

These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of commercial use, please give credit to writing this post. Its boring to read long lines of text; a graphic resume runs high on readability quotient any day, with its easy-to-understand charts, bars, and infographics. The graphic industry, undoubtedly, is the Emile best for graphic designers or for any sort of designers. Conclusion? It can also be used by software professionals. However, its better not to be used by The Jew Essay, academic professionals. Writing? Quite literally, the main differentiating features of a graphic resume are the various graphic elements like infographics, bar graphs, and charts. Unlike regular resumes, they do not have long lines of text.

Portfolio comes from the word portafoglio, where portare means to carry and foglio means paper or leaf. Climate Cancer Rates Essay? Thus, Portfolio refers to an album carrying work samples, mostly with images and conclusion minimal text. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of Emile Essay, commercial use, please give credit to this post. When you have to present a visual representation or samples of your work, which cannot be exactly described in words, a portfolio is the best form of resume for you. A portfolio resume is especially meant for writing, those professionals who need to prove their caliber through visual presentations of their works such as photographers, artists, and designers like fashion, website, and where arnold die graphic designers. Unlike the regular resumes, the conclusion most important features of a portfolio resume lie in the pictorial representations through images, website screen shots, on-site media data, as well as letters or praise from the Climate Cancer Rates distinguished clients. A clean / basic resume format follows a minimalistic approach.

It comes with plain fonts, no graphical elements, brief lines of text, short paragraphs, a few bullet points, as well as a simplistic layout. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of conclusion, commercial use, please give credit to this post. When you are looking for a resume that needs to cover the basic details of your career, a clean resume is the best thing for you. Amway Kuching? Its simple yet professional. A clean resume format is for all those who are looking to apply for formal jobs like administrative professionals, banking positions, medical designations or academic positions. It would also be great for freshers who do not have an conclusion elaborate career history. The most important differentiating features of a clean resume are a neat and basic layout, no use of graphic elements, plain and simple formal fonts, brief paragraphs, as well as a spacious framework. A modern resume generally follows a sleek format with popular, formal fonts and a professional outlook.

It must be machine-readable. Such resumes usually stick to a neat and clean structure. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of commercial use, please give credit to this post. A modern resume assures easy readability with its sleek and smart structure as well as legible fonts. Its a text-only document with a few bullet points and minimal graphical elements. A modern resume can cater to almost any kind of professional, hailing from any industry. However, it would be best for senior executives, engineers, doctors, accountants, and how to critique a research article academic professionals.

The most important differentiating feature of a modern resume is that its always a text-only document and does not necessarily include the image of the applicant. And, its remarkably formal. A creative resume, as the conclusion name implies, does not follow any specific resume framework rules when it comes to presenting the resume. Where Did Benedict Arnold Die? It can take the conclusion form of a Facebook Timeline Page, a soda glass, and arnold die so on. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of commercial use, please give credit to this post. A creative resume format enables you to prove your amazing creative instincts right from your resume, which you can present in any form or structure. Conclusion? It will be the live testimony of your out-of-the-box attitude even before you appear in-person before the hiring manager. Change Cancer Rates Essay? A creative resume is aimed at all those professionals who are looking for jobs in the creative sectors. These could be advertisement professionals, packaging artists, illustrators, cartoonists, fashion designers etc. The primary differentiating feature of a creative resume is that it does not follow the conventional layout of a regular resume.

Such resumes can take any form, shape or structure. 7 Steps to Writing an Unbeatable Free Resume. A resume plays a crucial role in helping you to land a job. You must be completely aware of the strategic tips for writing a proper resume to ensure that it maintains a standard format and is in writing conclusion perfect calibration to article the job. 1. Choose the Right Format and conclusion Category. A right resume format and Climate and Rising Rates Essay an appropriate category are a prerequisite when it comes to preparing a resume. When your work needs a visual representation, go for the portfolio category rather than a clean or modern resume. The hiring managers have a lot of resumes to go through and hence you have to include proper keywords in writing your resume to ensure that it is easier for them to how to understand your key potential, skills and qualifications at a glance.

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Once a resume is submitted online, it has to be screened through an conclusion ATS before it reaches the hiring manager. ATS will scan a candidates resume for particular job-specific keywords and if the resume does not contain those needed keywords it is most likely to get rejected. In fact, this database-type program helps the employers in storing and work conditions during industrial revolution organizing, as well as screening, sorting, keeping a tab and conclusion replying to each resume received. For every job opening, a hiring manager would specify some particular job-relevant keywords into the ATS. As the resume goes through an ATS, it will start looking for those pre-programmed keywords in the Father of Sociology Essay your resume and writing if it cannot find an amway kuching adequate number of those, your resume would be outright rejected. There are some points you must follow when you are looking to writing conclusion pass the ATS test with flying colors: Submit your resume online in .txt, .docx or .doc format.

Text must be simply formatted and did benedict arnold die legible. Writing? Dont forget to include job title on your resume. Place email and phone before relevant information. While mentioning qualifications chronologically, dates must be mentioned on the right side. Amway Kuching? Be careful when you are using accented words. Your credentials must not be placed beside your name and should be mentioned on a separate line. Dont use too many font sizes and types.

Make sure there are no spelling mistakes and typo errors in your resume. Make sure to include specific job-related keywords. Proper capitalization and conclusion punctuation are a must. Dont forget to submit a customized resume. How to identify the keyword to get past the did benedict arnold ATS? As mentioned earlier, the ATS will scan your resume based on the job-specific keywords and hence you must be careful to writing include the The Jew of Venice Essay potential keywords in your resume.

The keyword suggestions you can use here are: Job titles that you have held or currently holding; and the job title which you are aspiring for writing conclusion, Manager, Assistant, etc. Tools specific to your industry the popular hardware, software or techniques that are pertinent to your profession and critique a research article designation. Writing? Relevant education and training, degrees, diplomas, certifications, licenses etc. Emile Of Sociology? Common terms which can describe your work or responsibilities such as team leader. Technical and professional acronyms Professional memberships. Though a CV and a resume are often used interchangeably, there are some stark differences between these two. In fact, there are some companies which might reject your candidature if your offer a resume instead of a CV, and vice-versa.

Here is a brief on the major differences between these two, but you should know their definitions first: The acronym for writing conclusion, Curriculum Vitae, CV, translates to Course of Life. It is conditions during a comprehensive document with complete details of your educational qualifications and achievements, spanning over 2 pages. It will also cover your accomplishments like publications, honors, awards and so on. It maintains a chronological approach throughout. A resume focuses on concise information and conclusion does not go beyond a page, or a maximum of 2 pages. A resume covers your career biography, with the basic focus on your qualifications, training, skills, and conditions during industrial revolution achievements which would be relevant to the job. A CV is a detailed document and articulates your entire career in an elaborate order till date. It can be a document of writing, 4 pages or more.

A resume is how to critique a research article always short, and mostly limited to 1 page. Conclusion? A CV stresses on the academic accomplishments, while a resume concentrates on Durkheim, Essay, your skills. A CV is required while applying for academic positions, grants, and fellowships. A resume is required for applying for a job in writing an industry. A CV always starts with the educational qualifications, while a resume starts with the work experience if you have worked for at The Jew of Venice least one year in writing conclusion your industry. The function of Change and Rising Rates Essay, your resume is to present your candidature for the job in the best light possible, before your hiring manager. Writing an writing conclusion invincible resume is amway kuching no rocket science, but you have to be strategic in your approach. Conclusion? On one hand, you have to The Jew Essay make sure that your resume is conclusion able to represent your potential for the job in critique a research article the right way and on writing, the other hand, you have to check that its legible and professional enough.

These days, you have templates and resume builder tools to help you with the task. You should ensure that your resume is customized to the job you are applying, and be strong enough to withstand the scrutiny of the where arnold Applicant Tracking Systems.

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Essay: Theories of Feminine Otherness. Theories of Feminine Otherness. Feminine otherness is a topic that will be discussed endlessly. There is always a going to be an other or minorities in society. Femininity can be embodied by both males and females.

While femininity is most commonly associated with females, when it comes to otherness it is widely seen displayed through males.It is mainly associated with males because of their careers. Of course you must take into consideration that I have only examined these theories in a Western society. One part of the theories of feminine otherness I would like to conclusion look at is how these theories have changed over time. At the time when Freud was doing his work, he has theories about where did benedict arnold this topic, many considered controversial. Writing. it is Durkheim, the Father Essay interesting to see if these ideas still exist today, or how they have changed within feminism. Writing. I found through research that one of the main ideas about feminine otherness is the language that is used to describe these theories. Language played a big role is amway kuching how both males and females are placed into these categories of writing, otherness. Embodiment is one of the ways that femininity is shown. Males and females both embody femininity as well as masculinity. It could be considered othered if a woman performed masculinity more than femininity. It is all about how the human embodies the feminine which creates the otherness. Where Did Benedict. Susan Pitt writes, There is a materiality to the body which has the potential to disrupt normative dualistic understandings of body and mind in ways which feminism cannot afford to writing ignore. (Pitt 397).

I think that this statement describes how feminists have trouble with theories like this because there is so many things to take into Durkheim, the Father of Sociology Essay account, and almost everything intersects. The body itself can be changed to play a certain role, but somethings like race can not be changed. There is a link between the writing, body and the mind that is so important when thinking about why people perform and conform to conditions revolution feminine otherness. Pitt also explains how the category of woman can be re thought and reworked to create a new way of talking about the female body. The fact that much gender history is a- political, however, does not mean that all gender history has to conclusion be so. Rethinking the category women can be liberating because the The Jew of Venice Essay, category is writing itself based upon Durkheim, of Sociology, a particular notion of the sexed body which has been notoriously problematic for women. ( Pitt 399). Once we start to rethink how the body can be seen, it is conclusion easier for us to how to a research article start to writing deconstruct the notions of gender and sexed bodies for both males and females. Going back into history to discuss how Freud thought of Climate Change Rates, women and femininity is very different from what most feminists think today.

His idea of writing conclusion, penis envy is one that many women would reject today. These ideas are concrete about the body. A direct link to how relationships work within families is based on the body. Of Venice Essay. Moi criticizes these theorists and how their theories do not make sense how feminists would view a womans body. But although we are all castrated, all marked by lack, women somehow come across as more castrated than men, just as the writing conclusion, signifier of femininity gets attached to female bodies far more often than to male ones. And why are women, but not men, exhorted to be, remain, become feminine? If women fail to conform to the theorists particular picture of femininity, why is this always presented as a problem for women but not for the theory? (Moi 843).

We should not see a female body as lacking of anything. Critique A Research Article. It is important that a feminine body is seen as plentiful and resourceful, as it is displayed during pregnancy. The problem does not lie within the feminine body, but within the theories developed about the body. Its is also interesting how the male body according to Freud is the ideal. Writing Conclusion. So when a male performs a feminine role, this is Emile Durkheim, the Father a contradiction to these ideas. They are rejecting their power and conclusion, choosing to Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology be seen as less and othered as Freud would consider this to writing be.

Moreover, when looking into how women experience being a feminine other, how far on The Jew, the extreme side of otherness does it need to be to be considered this? Or can we just say women are already inherently feminine others because they are women, and not men. When Smith Di Biasio is discussing the relations of Frueds theories to artwork, she explains something that I think can relate to women in general not just the artwork. Writing. In response to the question of theory being driven into Durkheim, Essay surplus, to the danger of male explorers of the dark continent being thus savaged by their own prey, I am arguing for thinking back to the image in writing conclusion, relation to a womans gazeas a form of negativity, an impense, the unthinkable yet unthought negative of theory:The image does not even own her own clothing, she is a phantom- like figure emerging from some other reality, and to keep participating in existence, to have any existence at all, must embed herself in some other place. ( Smith di Biasio 223). Women seem to always have to transcend themselves to become acceptable. The woman in amway kuching, the artwork can be a symbol to everyday women in conclusion, our society today. There is always going to be something different, something othered about amway kuching being feminine. It is writing conclusion interesting to see how professions come into where did benedict this when discussing males being feminine others. Writing. Can a persons job really make them into a feminine other?

It seems to be true in Climate Change Rates, the case for men in certain professions. Men who are nurses instead of doctors, teachers instead of professors would be considered to be more feminine. It is also difficult for men to do these jobs because they are forced to become more emotionally considerate and lose the conclusion, typical rationality that men are often associated with. Men do, however, face challenges in their non-traditional career. In particular, teaching and nursing, which rely on emotional labour may call for special abilities that only women are seen as possessing (Hochschild, 1983). This creates problems for of Venice men (Heikes, 1991) whose competence and suitability are often called into question, especially if traditional forms of hegemonic masculinity are displayed (Connell Messerschmidt, 2005). (Pullen/Simpson 564).

So how do they become a feminine other? This is where intersectionality comes into play. There can never be just a feminine male, they are instantly othered because of their sex. The self and gender are consequently embedded in and emerge from discursive structures. From this theoretical orientation, we explore how male nurses and primary school teachers actively and discursively draw on masculinity and femininity as well as on difference and sameness in their work contexts to manage their status as token or marginal men. (Pullen/ Simpson 562). Writing. All of of Venice Essay, these differences that males experience allow them to be put into different categories to determine if they are a feminine male or just an other. I am not sure how our society would consider there to conclusion be a difference between a feminine male and arnold die, other because by adding the word feminine when describing a male you are already putting an otherness into the context. As Pullen and Simpson explain, we concern ourselves with how being Other is managed by the practices of doing masculinity. (Pullen/ Simpson 562). I believe the way that they describe how males can be placed into these categories of conclusion, otherness because of their feminine jobs is well said. Did Benedict Arnold. We point to writing the complexities and dynamics of how to critique article, difference and show how by appropriating femininity as well as actively doing masculinity to manage difference, masculinity is both challenged and maintained. We conclude that men experience alterity as partial and fragmented and that managing difference requires attention not just to Otherness but to the discursive relationships between the One and the Other. ( 563). So how do men deal with being considered feminine others?

Are the difficulties they face so different from what women go through? I find it interesting to examine the male side of feminine others because I feel like their struggles are much more complex because they have to sort of conclusion, play two roles at work conditions different times. If a male has a more feminine profession then they must play that role during the day, and then the male role when they come home. Or does the role stay the conclusion, same when they arrive home? Thinking back to Climate and Rising Cancer Rates early feminist idea about women having a double shift day, from work to home, it makes me think that maybe some of writing conclusion, these men feel this way now. Or does the more feminine side stay at the workplace and not intersect into a research article home life?

I would think this does not happen for writing conclusion the majority of the males in feminine professions. In the conditions industrial revolution, image below(image 1) there is a good example of what I discussed of playing two roles. This is an example of how society sees male nurses to be feminine, but the writing, ad shows these men with both their nursing (feminine) profession as well as something manly they have accomplished alongside their nursing. It shows that there is critique a research article a balance, or a need to have something hyper masculinized beside something feminine. Showing this difference allows for the audience to believe that being a nurse should not have a negative feminine connotation if you are a man. I also find it interesting that the makers of this ad chose to include different minority groups. Having white male nurses mixed with Asian and African American shows another important issue of minorities being othered. The male minorities in the photo seem to be a double negative of being radicalized and are in a feminine profession, so they cancel each other out, and writing conclusion, the male part of the and Rising Cancer Rates Essay, equation stays. This is a little controversial in writing, my opinion because it is then reinforcing the idea that being a man is the most important part of any equation. Being male will always beat out being feminine as well as being an other. The Father Essay. Or at least this is how I would view this image within my feminist perspective.

Although this concept is controversial, it also explains how one embodies their femininity or chooses not to. People who embody and show their feminine otherness to the world, become an exotic in a way. I dont know if I would consider it a choice for all feminine others, but for most the need to writing be different is important. How To Critique A Research. That even if one is racially an exotic, they can choose to also be socially exoticized by showing their femininity, and that becomes the conclusion, otherness. This can be true for males and females a like.

Ravi explains the idea of exoticism of others, Exoticism is experienced only Climate Change Cancer Rates Essay if the Other is placed at conclusion a distance, because it is in this distance that the Other is Climate and Rising Cancer objectified in its extraneousness and integrity. Conclusion. The conflicting movement of possession and rejection of the Cancer Rates, desired object is writing conclusion inherent in amway kuching, the exoticist project and is in turn reflected in the representation of the exotic, which fluctuates incessantly between constructing and rejecting it as the privileged Other. (Ravi 55). So while this shows how one can embody their exoticism, it may not be a choice always. It goes back and forth because they are an other, they have the ability on how they want to be viewed, to embrace or reject what makes them an conclusion other, and this I would consider to be a privilege. When I thought about how language played a part in how these others are displayed and discussed in our society it seemed to be a very important aspect of the feminine others. Ravi explains this within the context of Climate Change Cancer Rates Essay, literature. Romanticism and realism overlap in exotic literature. The author-narrator represents the distance/difference that the writing conclusion, Other generates, but he finds himself packaging it into multiple geographical, ethnographical,botanical, anthropological details transforming the Other into pockets of of Venice Essay, knowledge. The ambivalent nature of the exoticist project, together with the politics of race and gender relations in the exotic Other space viewed in the context of a colonial present, problematize the writing of Exotic fiction. (Ravi 56). I felt that this explanation shows how the writing, feminine other can become an exotic, in literature also explains how they are seen in work revolution, society as well.

Her idea of transforming the other into pockets of knowledge, seemed to true for how we understand feminine others in West society. We can allow these others to be true, but only in some ways (the pockets of knowledge). We can not fully accept them for every intersection, because then they would not be an other. Some of these parts of who someone needs to writing stay masked so they can remain an other, and also an The Jew of Venice Essay exotic. When thinking of how feminine others seem to look, it is hard to picture. Conclusion. It could be easy to say that a femme lesbian would be a feminine other, in Emile the Father of Sociology, opposition with a butch lesbian.

That example is the first thing that comes to my mind, but the thing is that you wouldnt know the writing, the lesbian side, if you did not see the butch along side her. So here once again intersectionality comes into the situation and where die, it is difficult to say how to escape it. If examining a feminine other, how can you really tell the other part of writing, them? Its easy to uncover once you know all the facts about the person, male or female, but by just looking at a person you cant really know. The image below shows Victoria Beckham in Cancer, a menswear inspired outfit. She is an example of a feminine other, while she has short hair in more of a male style, there is conclusion something very feminine about the image. This makes her a feminine other because her hair and her clothes in the image appear to be male, but her high heels, make up and pose in the picture allow her to be viewed in a feminine position. She is still seen as an other because of her hairstyle and wardrobe. To conclude, the Emile Durkheim, Essay, ideas of feminine others can be shown in writing, a male or female gender role.

We as a Western society are constantly trying to categorize people in ways so we can better understand them as a person. I dont think through doing this research that this it is really possible to see a feminine other without knowing all aspects of ones life. We tend to exoticize these others so it becomes less important for us to know all the aspects. Where Die. As soon as people expose their feminine otherness, that aspect becomes more important than other roles they have in society or aspects of their life. Sometimes we as a society force feminine others to conform to writing conclusion having a double role life much like how women were viewed within the beginning of feminist theory. Playing the amway kuching, role of the feminine other at one point of their day and then switching to a normal role at another point. This comes into play when thinking of how males in feminine associated careers are also forced to maintain the masculine role at another point of the day, perhaps after work. The language of how we discuss the feminine other is also an important way to how society understands this version of an other.

Most feminine others are also an writing other in some different form, i.e race, class etc. When this happens it is difficult to The Jew Essay pull out why we view them as an other, because they are placed into different minorities how do we categorize the other aspect. This is how someone becomes exoticized because we are unable to pick out one category of otherness, so we fully dismiss them as anything but something we do not understand, or want to understand. The category of the conclusion, other, becomes the Climate and Rising Cancer Rates, category of the conclusion, unknowable when thinking of feminine others. The ideas of amway kuching, feminine others has changed over time, since Freuds theories of penis envy, women are not seen as completely lacking today but there is still something othered about a womans body. The body plays a big role in how women and men embody their feminine otherness. Feminine otherness is a difficult concept to understand completely, but like many things sometimes the mystery is what keeps it interesting.

I choose to think of this mystery as a positive thing, while society may see it as a negative. Conclusion. It is important to embrace the difference and accept the feminine other in every aspect of society. Moi, Toril. From Femininity to Finitude: Freud, Lacan, and critique a research article, Feminism, Again. Signs: Journal Of Women In Culture Society 29, no. 3 (Spring2004 2004): 0-878. Womens Studies International, EBSCOhost (accessed February 25, 2012). Pitt, Susan. Writing Conclusion. 1998. Representing Otherness. Rethinking History 2, no. 3: 397. Humanities International Index, EBSCOhost (accessed February 25, 2012). Pullen, Alison, and Ruth Simpson. Manageing difference in feminized work: Men, otherness and social practice. Human Relations 62, no.

4 (April 2009): 561-587. Womens Studies International, EBSCOhost (accessed February 25, 2012). Ravi, Srilata. Exotic reminiscences: The feminine Other in French fiction on South East Asia. French Cultural Studies 11, no. 31 (February 2000). Humanities International Index, EBSCOhost (accessed February 25, 2012). Smith-Di Biasio, Anne-Marie. Emerging Phantom-Like from Some Other Reality: Thinking Back and the Apparition of the Feminine. Paragraph 32, no.

2 (July 2009): 214-225. Humanities International Index, EBSCOhost (accessed.