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A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Winning Essay Contest Entries. Or Foil? Essay. Did you know that you can win prizes with your writing? Essay contests are a fun way to turn your creativity and test your command of the written word into great prizes. Mirror. If you#39;d like to up your game and increase your odds of having your entry chosen as the winner, follow these ten steps for winning essay contests. Model Of Social. The very first thing that you should do to help yourself win essay contests is to read the rules thoroughly. Overlooking one small detail could be the difference between winning the Mirror Essay contest and wasting a perfectly good essay. Pay special attention to the start and closing dates, the entry frequency, and any essay requirements like word or character count, the contest#39;s theme, and any other details the sponsor requires. It might help you to print out the 300 word essay sweepstakes rules and highlight the most important elements, or to write down notes and keep them close at hand. If you summarize the relevant rules in a checklist, you can easily check the Mirror requirements off when you have finished your essay to ensure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Many people want to essay example jump right into writing their essay contest entries, but it#39;s a better idea to brainstorm several different ideas. Oftentimes, your first impulse isn#39;t your best.
Consider different ways that you can make the contest theme personal, come at it from a different angle, or stand out from all of the other contest entries. Write all of Essay your ideas down, and don#39;t judge them yet. The more ideas you can come up with, the better. Once you#39;ve finished brainstorming, look over 300 word essay, all of or Foil? Essay your ideas to pick the one you want to develop for your essay contest entry. Socioeconomic Model Of Social Responsibility. When you#39;re deciding, think about what might appeal to the essay contest#39;s sponsor. Do you have a way of Mirror or Foil? Essay working the sponsor#39;s products into your essay? Does your concept fit the sponsor#39;s company image? An essay that might be perfect for overall, a Budweiser contest might fall completely flat when Disney is the sponsor. When it#39;s time to start writing your essay, remember that the first sentence is the most important of all.
If you can start with a powerful, intriguing, moving, or hilarious first sentence, you#39;ll hook your readers#39; interest and stick in their memory when it is time to pick winners. One of my favorite examples of how a good hook can influence judges is the Mirror or Foil? story of how 200 Bananas Made a Woman Queen for a Day. Now is the time to get all of gather your thoughts down on paper (or on Mirror or Foil? your computer). Remember that this is intended to be a first draft, so don#39;t worry about perfect grammar or if you are running over your word count. Instead, focus on whether your essay is hitting the right emotional notes, how your story comes across, whether you are using the right voice, and if you are communicating everything you intend to. Another way first drafts are important is that they help you get over your natural reluctance to write. You are not trying to be good yet, you are trying to simply tell your story. Polishing that story will come later.
In her fantastic book, The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio, Terry Ryan talked about how her mother Evelyn used #34;red mittens#34; to help her be more successful with contest entries. #34;The purpose of the Red Mitten was almost self-explanatory -- it made an entry stand out from the rest. In a basket of mittens, a red one will be noticed.#34; Rhyme, alliteration, inner rhyme, puns, and coined words were some of the red mittens that Evelyn Ryan used to make her entries pop. While Evelyn Ryan mostly entered jingle and ad-type contests, the red mitten concept can be used to make any essay contest entry stand out. Stroop Effect. Your essay#39;s red mitten might be a clever play on words, a dash of humor, or a heart-tuggingly poignant story that sticks in the judges#39; minds. If your first draft is feeling a little bland, consider whether you can add a red mitten to spice up your story. Once you have written the first draft of Essay your essay contest entry, look over it to crisis 1970 ensure that it flows smoothly.
Is your point well-made and clear? Do your thoughts flow smoothly from Mirror or Foil? Essay, one point to another? Do the transitions make sense? Does it sound good when you read it aloud? This is when summary also the Mirror Essay time when you should cut out extraneous words and make sure that you#39;ve come in attachment under the word count limit, which will generally improve your writing. In Stephen King#39;s book, On Writing , the Essay author talks about a rejection notice he once received that read: #34;Formula for success: 2nd Draft #61; 1st Draft – 10%.#34; In other words, the first draft can always use some trimming to make the best parts shine. If you#39;d like some tips on how to improve your first draft, check out these tips about how to reaction self-edit. Mirror Or Foil?. Now that you have a fairly polished first draft of your essay contest entry, put it aside and don#39;t look at it for a little while.
If you have time before the contest ends, put your essay away for at least a week. Let your mind mull over the idea subconsciously for a little while. Many times, people think of bowlby attachment just the thing to add to or Foil? Essay their essay to 300 word make it perfect, right after they have hit the submit button. Letting your entry simmer in your mind for or Foil? Essay, a while gives you the time to come up with these great ideas before it#39;s too late. Now is the time to put the final polish on your essay contest entry. Have you said everything you wanted to for cellular respiration say? Have you made your point? Does the essay still sound good when you read it out loud?
Can you tighten up the prose by making any additional cuts in Mirror or Foil? the word count? If possible, this is the october crisis a good time to enlist the help of Mirror friends or family members. Read your essay aloud to them and check their reactions. Did they smile at the right parts? Did it make sense to when clouds gather them? This is also a good time to Mirror or Foil? ask a friend to double-check your spelling and grammar. Even your computer#39;s spell check programs make mistakes sometimes, so it#39;s helpful to have another person read it through.
If you#39;ve been following these directions, you#39;ve already read through the bowlby contest rules carefully, but now that you#39;ve written your draft and had some time to think things over, it#39;s a good idea to Mirror Essay double-check to make sure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Make a check list of effect all of the essay requirements and Mirror Essay go through it point-by-point with your finished essay in front of the october you to make sure you#39;ve hit them all. And now, you#39;re done! Submit the essay to Essay your contest, and keep your fingers crossed for of social, the results!
Mirrors And Foils - How Characters Reflect And Highlight One Another
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Oracle EBS Financials Ormb/Ccb - Senior Consultant. Sacramento , CA 95816. Deloitte is one of the Essay, leading professional services organizations in the United States, specializing in audit, tax, consulting and financial advisory services with clients in more than 20 industries. When Rain Gather Summary. We provide powerful business solutions to Mirror, some of the world s most well-known and respected companies, including more than 75 percent of the Fortune 100.At Deloitte, you can have a rewarding career on the october crisis 1970, every level. A minimum of Mirror 6 years of experience implementing some combination of Oracle Financials modules including: General Ledger (GL), Sub-ledger Accounting (SLA), Financial Accounting Hub (FAH), Accounts Receivables (AR), Accounts Payables (AP), Cash Management, Fixed Assets, Treasury, EBTax, Advanced Global Intercompany Systems (AGIS), Invoice modules. Demonstrated experience as a senior resource assisting in the definition of systems strategy, gathering and documenting business requirements, leading fit-gap analysis, as-is and to- be business process designs, conference room pilots (CRPs) functional configuration, testing, client user training.
Up to 80% travel required. A Bachelor s degree Preferred: Ability to work independently and manage multiple task assignments + Strong oral and stroop effect test written communication skills, including presentation skills (MS Visio, MS PowerPoint) + Strong problem solving and troubleshooting skills with the ability to or Foil? Essay, exercise mature judgment. Experience mentoring junior staff. An advanced degree in rain clouds, the area of specialization. Experience leading an entire work stream of or Foil? relevant Oracle applications How you ll grow At Deloitte, our professional development plan focuses on helping people at rain clouds gather every level of their career to identify and use their strengths to Essay, do their best work every day. From entry-level employees to senior leaders, we believe there s always room to learn.
Oracle Revenue Management Billing (ORMB) and/or Customer Care Billing (CCB). A minimum of bowlby 6 years of experience implementingsome combination of Oracle Financials modules including: General Ledger (GL),Sub-ledger Accounting (SLA), Financial Accounting Hub (FAH), AccountsReceivables (AR), Accounts Payables (AP), Cash Management, Fixed Assets,Treasury, EBTax, Advanced Global Intercompany Systems (AGIS), Invoice modules. Mirror. Demonstrated experience as a senior resourceassisting in the definition of systems strategy, gathering and documentingbusiness requirements, leading fit-gap analysis, as-is and to- be businessprocess designs, conference room pilots (CRPs) functional configuration,testing, client user training. Up to 80% travel required A Bachelor s degree Preferred: Abilityto work independently and manage multiple task assignments Strongoral and 300 word example written communication skills, including presentation skills (MS Visio,MS PowerPoint) Strongproblem solving and troubleshooting skills with the or Foil?, ability to exercise maturejudgment Experiencementoring junior staff Anadvanced degree in the area of socioeconomic model of social responsibility specialization Experienceleading an Mirror entire work stream of relevant Oracle applications About Deloitte As used in this document, Deloitte means Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries. Create a job alert for overall Oracle EBS Financials Ormb/Ccb - Senior Consultant at Sacramento, CA. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Oracle EBS Financials Ormb/Ccb - Senior Consultant at Sacramento, CA.
Create a job alert for Oracle EBS Financials Ormb/Ccb - Senior Consultant at Sacramento, CA. Senior Principal Consultant Shared Services Netsui. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 An experienced consulting professional who has a broad understanding of or Foil? Essay solutions, industry best practices, multiple business processes or technology designs within a product/technology family. Operates independently to provide quality work products to an engagement. When Rain Gather Summary. Performs varied and complex duties and tasks that need independent judgment, in order to implement Oracle products and technology to meet customer needs. Applies Oracle methodology, company procedures, and leading practices. Operates independently to provide quality work products to an engagement.
Performs varied and complex duties and or Foil? Essay tasks that need independent judgment, in order to rain clouds summary, implement Oracle products and technology to meet customer needs. Applies Oracle methodology, company procedures, and leading practices. Demonstrates expertise to Mirror, deliver functional and 1970 technical solutions on moderately complex customer engagements. May lead the solution design and implementation aspects of Mirror or Foil? engagement(s) ensuring high quality, integrated software solutions within constraints of model of social responsibility time and budget. May act as the team lead on Mirror, projects, providing coaching, guidance and feedback to develop skills of team members.
Effectively consults with management of rain clouds summary customer organizations. Participates in Mirror, business development activities. Develops and leads detailed solutions for moderately complex projects. Stroop. 6-8 years of experience relevant to this position including 3-4 years consulting experience preferred. Mirror Essay. Undergraduate degree or equivalent experience preferred. Effect Test. Product or technical expertise relevant to Mirror or Foil?, practice focus. Ability to communicate effectively.
Ability to build rapport with team members and clients. The October 1970. Ability to travel as needed. *Oracle is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. Or Foil?. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and rain gather summary protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law.* *Transform your career at Oracle NetSuite Global Business Unit (GBU)* At Oracle NetSuite we work hard and we work smart. We hire fierce competitors. Or Foil? Essay. We hire individuals that are fearless trail blazers. Oracle NetSuite employees take the reaction for cellular, hill, we prefer action over inaction, we are tireless in Essay, our mission and we pause only to respiration, celebrate our success. And we DO celebrate, because if you don t have fun along the way, then what s the Mirror or Foil?, point? *Summary:* We are currently seeking a Senior Principal Consultant to work in the Shared Services Group within Oracle NetSuite Professional Services. This position requires heavy interaction with customers, NetSuite application developers, NetSuite implementation teams, and NetSuite partners.
VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 An experienced consulting professional who has a broad understanding of solutions, industry best practices, multiple business processes or technology designs within a product/technology family. Operates independently to provide quality work products to an engagement. Performs varied and overall respiration complex duties and or Foil? tasks that need independent judgment, in order to implement Oracle products and technology to meet customer needs. Applies Oracle methodology, company procedures, and leading practices. Operates independently to provide quality work products to an engagement. Performs varied and complex duties and tasks that need independent judgment, in 300 word essay, order to implement Oracle products and technology to meet customer needs. Essay. Applies Oracle methodology, company procedures, and leading practices. Demonstrates expertise to 300 word, deliver functional and technical solutions on moderately complex customer engagements.
May lead the solution design and Mirror or Foil? Essay implementation aspects of the october 1970 engagement(s) ensuring high quality, integrated software solutions within constraints of time and Mirror budget. May act as the team lead on projects, providing coaching, guidance and model of social responsibility feedback to develop skills of team members. Effectively consults with management of Mirror or Foil? customer organizations. Participates in business development activities. Develops and leads detailed solutions for moderately complex projects. 6-8 years of experience relevant to this position including 3-4 years consulting experience preferred. Undergraduate degree or equivalent experience preferred. Product or technical expertise relevant to practice focus. Ability to communicate effectively. Ability to build rapport with team members and clients.
Ability to travel as needed. Overall Reaction. *Oracle is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to or Foil?, race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law.* This position is for an experienced technical consultant in when summary, the Oracle Cloud HCM space. The candidate will provide leadership and hands-on expertise and execution capability on the delivery of HCM/payroll technical solutions, will provide onshore leadership to offshore resources, perform customer facing activities including conducting discovery sessions, solutioning workshops, presentations, ..etc. The candidate will operate independently to provide quality work products; perform varied and complex duties and tasks that need independent judgment, in or Foil?, order to implement Oracle products and technology to meet customer needs; apply Oracle methodology, company procedures, and leading practices; demonstrate expertise to deliver functional and model technical solutions on moderately complex customer engagements. Mirror Essay. The candidate may lead the solution design and implementation aspects of engagement(s) ensuring high quality, integrated software solutions within constraints of time and budget; act as the team lead on projects, providing coaching, guidance and feedback to develop skills of team members; effectively consult with management of customer organizations; participate in business development activities; develop and the october crisis leads detailed solutions for moderately complex projects Requirements: Applications and Cloud o Prior in-depth experience on Cloud HCM projects implementations: Core HR, Compensation, Benefits, ..etc.
Consulting experience working with different clients desirable. o Conversions and Interfaces into and out of HCM cloud; FBL and HDL, ADFDi, BIP, OTBI, as well as Web Services o Experience in Fast Formulas, FF, UDTs, HCM Extracts, Personalization, Fusion Security, Dynamic Columns, .. o Prior experience with EBS HR and Mirror or Foil? Essay Payroll and/or PSFT is preferred Technical o Deep understanding of Cloud Architecture o Deep understanding of Cloud Integration Architecture and Strategies o Experience in integration through Web Services o Proficient knowledge and/or development experience in Java and overall J2EE o Development experience in BIP o Development experience in SQL, PLSQL, XML, JSON, .. o Proficient knowledge and/or development experience in Oracle SOA Suite o Soft Skills o Experienced in or Foil?, project implementation and when rain gather summary delivery methodologies, e.g. OUM o Experienced in leading onshore and offshore teams o Excellent communication and presentation skills o Ability to travel 100% US Nationwide - Candidates can live anywhere in Mirror or Foil? Essay, the US but must be able and willing to travel US Nationwide Mon Thurs/Fri o Strong communication and consulting skills o Experience with full lifecycle HCM Cloud implementations and upgrades o Technical Lead experience in one or more projects o Experience working with Offshore and managing developers preferred **Job:** **Consulting* **Organization:** **Oracle* **Title:** *Oracle HCM Cloud - Senior Principal Technical Consultant* **Location:** *United States* **Requisition ID:** *17000KCP* Oracle Sacramento CA. IT Senior Consultant Premium Cloud Operations. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 Work with Oracle*s world class technology to develop, implement, and support Oracle*s global infrastructure. As a member of the when clouds gather summary, IT organization, assist with the Mirror, analyze of for cellular respiration existing complex programs and or Foil? formulate logic for bowlby attachment new complex internal systems. Or Foil?. Prepare flowcharting, perform coding, and test/debug programs. Develop conversion and system implementation plans. Recommend changes to development, maintenance, and system standards. Attachment. Job duties are varied and complex utilizing independent judgment.
May have project lead role. BS or equivalent experience in programming on Mirror Essay, enterprise or department servers or systems. *Oracle is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. Example. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to or Foil?, race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and clouds gather protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law.* Oracle Premium Cloud Operations provides end-to-end Software management solutions to Mirror Essay, our customers utilizing ITIL based processes. Stroop. This team is responsible for or Foil? Essay providing managed services for Fusion Applications provisioning, implementation support, Production support, Migrations and Upgrades, Change management, Release Management, cloning and automation solutions for selected, Premium customers. Oracle Premium Cloud Operations is looking for self motivated individual contributor and respiration dynamic Team player capable of working with our global team. As a member of the Premium Cloud Operations Organization, your focus is to Essay, deliver support and solutions to crisis 1970, the Oracle customer base while serving as an advocate for customer needs. You will offer strategic technical support to assure the highest level of customer satisfaction. A primary focus is to create/utilize automated technology and instrumentation to diagnose, document, and resolve/avoid customer issues.
You are expected to or Foil? Essay, be an expert member of the technical problem solving/problem avoidance team, routinely sought after to address extremely complex, critical customer issues. Frequent on-site visits may required during critical delivery milestones. Work is non-routine and very complex, involving the application of stroop effect test advanced technical/business skills in area of specialization. Or Foil?. Candidates should have 7 years experience with Core products or eight years experience with Applications products. Proven professional experience demonstrating an understanding of Applications at a functional and technical level (preferably Oracle). BS Computer Science/Management Information Systems/Science/ Engineering/Math/Physics/Chemistry with 3.0 GPA You must have two of the top 3 skills listed below: 1. Experience with administration and configuration of Oracle Fusion MW, SOA suite, Portal, SSO, OID and 300 word essay Identity management Suite 2. Experience with administration of one of the Mirror Essay, application management suite such as Fusion Applications, E-business suite, Peoplesoft, Siebel etc. 3. Experience managing Oracle databases including installation, upgrade, patching, cloning, backup and recovery. 4. Troubleshooting skills for critical database, application, networking and system administration issues 5. Experience with Performance Tuning and stroop effect test techniques ( SGA tuning, DB Tuning, Apps tuning ,use of tkprof ,AWR etc.) 6. Excellent communication skills required Experience with Oracle Transparent Data Encryption, Database Vault, or Golden Gate would be a plus. Some of expected Job duties for Essay this Role involves: - Travel to customer sites around critical customer milestones. - Review day to 1970, day Cloud Operation activity for the assigned customer and make sure they are inline with customer's milestones. - Analyze customer's Top issues and Mirror or Foil? Essay troubleshoot as well as channel them to right Oracle group - Being a Operations point of contact for customer, help them in Go live activities - Analyze Environment performance in context with customer plan and suggest correct action by working with internal Oracle team. - Facilitate customer in the october, their Performance Testing. - Take up internal technical projects to improve overall quality of service for all customers. **Job:** **Information Technology* **Organization:** **Oracle* **Title:** *IT Senior Consultant - Premium Cloud Operations* **Location:** *United States* **Requisition ID:** *17000O9I* Oracle Sacramento CA. Oracle EBS Financials Ormb/Ccb - Senior Consultant. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume.
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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on or Foil? Essay candidates, according to attachment, research conducted by TheLadders, an or Foil? online job-matching service for professionals. That means you have to win them over fast. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to bowlby, Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an or Foil? Essay example of an effect excellent resume and allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to Mirror Essay, the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and mid-level professionals with three to five years of 300 word essay example, relevant work experience.. What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of stroop, recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from Essay, having to the october, guess or mistaking you for someone else.
If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to Mirror Essay, differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises.
The same rule applies to an email address. 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an stroop test executive summary. Or Foil?? Replace your fluffy statement with an executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you€™re great at, most interested in, and attachment, how you can provide value to or Foil?, a prospective employer, Augustine says. 6. It uses reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. Of Social? The only time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning.
Many companies use some kind of Mirror or Foil?, screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Effect? Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions. Or Foil? Essay? It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the bowlby description.
This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry. Mirror Or Foil?? As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size €” assuming it's similar to your goals €” and less on discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to crisis 1970, scan through at Essay a time, so make it as easy as possible for them to understand why you're perfect for the job. The October Crisis 1970? Dense blocks of text are too difficult to read, says Augustine.. 10.
Instead, achievements are listed in Mirror Essay two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team€™s projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for example, your employer, deals closed, and or Foil? Essay, projects delivered on the october crisis time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. 12. Mirror Essay? Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by responsibility, employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships.
13. White space draws the or Foil? reader's eyes to overall reaction respiration, important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. Mirror Essay? The key is to format the information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and effect test, relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? Stick to black and white color, says Augustine.
As for bowlby attachment, font, it's best to Mirror or Foil?, stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Socioeconomic Model Of Social Responsibility? Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the or Foil? applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18. Overall Reaction? Education is listed at the bottom.
Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon or Foil? Essay request. Every recruiter knows you're going to crisis, provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line.
Again, remember that space on your resume is Mirror Essay, crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us. Responsibility? Now watch how to ace an interview: SEE ALSO: What Recruiters Look At During The 6 Seconds They Spend On Your Resume. NOW WATCH: The 9 Worst Mistakes You Can Make On Your Resume. Recommended For You Powered by Sailthru. 19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds.
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country essay china The People's Republic of China (China) is the world's most populous country and the second largest energy consumer (after the United States). Mirror? Production and consumption of crisis 1970 coal, its dominant fuel, is the highest in the world. Rising oil demand and imports have made China a significant factor in world oil markets. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? All information contained in this report is the best available as of May 2002 and is subject to change. China is the world's most populous country, with a rapidly growing economy. Economic development has proceeded unevenly, with urban coastal areas, particularly in the Southeast, experiencing more rapid economic development than other areas of the country. 300 Word Essay? China has a mixed economy, with a combination of state-owned and private firms. A number of state-owned firms have undergone partial or full privatization in recent years.
The Chinese government has encouraged foreign investment -- in some sectors of the economy and Mirror Essay subject to constraints -- since the 300 word 1980s, offering several special economic zones in which foreign investors receive preferable tax, tariff, and investment treatment. With China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 2001, the Chinese government made a number of specific commitments to trade and investment liberalization which, if fully implemented, will substantially open the Chinese economy to foreign firms. In the energy sector, this will mean the lifting or sharp reduction of Mirror or Foil? Essay tarriffs associated with imports of rain clouds some classes of capital goods, and the eventual opening to foreign competition of some areas such as retail sales of petroleum products. It still remains to be seen how these commitments will be implemented. Despite moves toward privatization, much of China's economy remains controlled by large State Owned Enterprises (SOE's), many of which are inefficient and unprofitable. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? Restructuring of the SOE sector, including the privatization of bowlby attachment some enterprises, is Mirror or Foil? Essay, a major priority of the government, as is restructuring of the banking sector. Bowlby Attachment? Many Chinese banks have had to write off large amounts of Mirror or Foil? delinquent debts from state-owned enterprises. Quarterly earnings at many SOEs are reported to have fallen sharply in for cellular respiration the first quarter of 2002, after rising in or Foil? Essay 2001. It is unclear how much of this is due to changes in accounting practices, as opposed to other factors such as weak demand for exports. Layoffs have been part of the restructuring of the SOEs, as many were severely overstaffed.
This has created unemployment, and also has been a burden on the government budget, as the government begins to provide social benefits which were previously the responsibility of the SOEs. Large protests against SOE layoffs have taken place in essay early 2002, including in Mirror or Foil? Essay cities closely associated with the oil and coal industries. China's real GDP grew by 7.3% in 2001, according to official Chinese figures, down from 8.0% growth in 2000. Real GDP growth for when rain, 2002 is forecast at Mirror 7.0%. The Chinese government's current Five Year Plan (2001-2005) sets a target of 7.0% real annual GDP growth. Some outside analysts have questioned the reliability of the the october official data, however. Inflows of or Foil? Essay Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into China in test 2001 totalled $46.8 billion, a new record, and data from the first two months of 2002 shows continuing strength. Japan, Taiwan, and the United States are China's most important sources of FDI. In general, China's trade surplus has been falling in recent years, and imports have been rising.
The 2001 trade surplus was $22.6 billion, down from a peak of $43.6 billion in 2001. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? Imports have been increasing, largely capital goods being acquired to refurbish outdated industrial facilities, but also consumer goods. China has several territorial disputes with other regional states which are relevant to the energy sector, particularly the dispute over the potentially hydrocarbon-rich Spratly Islands, which are claimed by China, Vietnam, the Phillipines, Brunei, Taiwan, and Malaysia. Another dispute is over the East China Sea, claimed by overall reaction, Japan. China currently is the or Foil? Essay world's third largest oil consumer, behind the United States and stroop test Japan. Consumption of petroleum products totalled 4.78 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2000, up from 4.36 million bbl/d in 1999. China is expected to surpass Japan as the second largest world oil consumer within the next decade and or Foil? reach a consumption level of 10.5 million bbl/d by 2020, making it a major factor in the world oil market. China's petroleum industry has undergone major changes in when gather recent years. Mirror Essay? In 1998, the Chinese government reorganized most state owned oil and gas assets into two vertically integrated firms -- the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) and the China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec). Before the restructuring, CNPC had been engaged mainly in oil and gas exploration and model responsibility production, while Sinopec had been engaged in refining and distribution. Mirror Essay? In 1998, the of social responsibility Chinese government ordered an asset swap which transferred some exploration and production assets to Sinopec and some refining and distribution assets to CNPC.
This created two regionally focused firms, CNPC in the north and west, and Sinopec in the south, though CNPC is still tilted toward crude oil production and Sinopec toward refining. Other major state sector firms in Mirror or Foil? China include the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), which handles offshore exploration and production and accounts for summary, more than 10% of China's domestic crude production, and China National Star Petroleum, a new company which was created in 1997. The intention of the restructuring was to or Foil? Essay, make these state firms more like similar vertically integrated corporate entities elsewhere. Bowlby? In connection with this process, the firms have been spinning off or eliminating many unprofitable ancillary activities such as running housing units, hospitals, and Mirror or Foil? other services near company facilities. Massive layoffs also have been undertaken, as like many other Chinese SOEs, they were severely overstaffed. Labor unrest has been reported in early 2002 in several locations with CNPC facilties. The three largest Chinese oil and gas firms - Sinopec, CNPC, and CNOOC - all have successfully carried out the october 1970 initial public offerings (IPOs) of stock within the last two years, bringing in billions of Mirror or Foil? dollars in 300 word example foreign capital. Or Foil? Essay? CNPC separated out most of its high quality assets into a subsidiary called PetroChina in early 2000, and carried out its IPO of a minority interest on both the Hong Kong and bowlby attachment New York stock exchanges in April 2000. The IPO raised over $3 billion, with BP the Mirror or Foil? largest purchaser at 20% of the shares offered. Sinopec carried out its IPO in New York and Hong Kong in October 2000, raising about $3.5 billion.
Like the PetroChina IPO, only a minority stake of 15% was offered. About $2 billion of 300 word example this amount was purchased by or Foil?, the three global super-majors - ExxonMobil, BP, and Shell. CNOOC held its IPO of a 27.5% stake in when clouds gather February 2001, after an earlier attempt in September 1999 was canceled. Shell bought a large block of shares valued at around $200 million. Several aspects of these stock offerings were very atypical.
First, they all involved only minority stakes. Second, they have not given the Mirror Essay foreign investors a major voice in corporate governace. The Chinese government still holds majority stakes in all three firms, and the foreign investors have not received seats on their boards of 300 word essay directors. Analysts have generally seen these investments as attempts by the supermajors to gain a foothold in China, which will necessarily involve partnerships with the Mirror or Foil? Essay Chinese majors. Even with the opening to foreign investment envisioned in China's commitments for membership in bowlby the WTO, it is or Foil? Essay, still likely that almost all major oil and gas projects in China will involve one of the Chinese majors. The Chinese government stipulated in July 2001 that only CNPC and Sinopec will be allowed to open new retail filling stations prior to fulfillment of bowlby attachment China's market-opening commitment in 2004. Essay? This is seen as an attempt to strengthen their control of retail sales of petroleum products and ensure that foreign firms will have to partner with one or the other of the Chinese majors to enter the retail market, even after 2004. All three of the global supermajors, BP, ExxonMobil, and Shell, are planning to enter the Chinese retail market in partnership with CNPC, Sinopec, or both. As a net oil importer since 1993, China's petroleum industry is focused on meeting domestic demand, but it does still export a modest amount of crude oil. The largest export customer by the october crisis, far is Essay, Japan, which imports Daqing crude oil to burn directly in electric power plants.
As of early 2002, China's exports of Daqing crude oil to crisis 1970, Japan were around 50,000 bbl/d, down substantially from Mirror or Foil? Essay, export levels during the 1990s. Most Chinese oil production capacity, close to 90%, is located onshore. One field alone, Daqing in rain clouds gather summary northeastern China, accounts for Essay, about 1.0 million bbl/d of China's production, out of a total crude oil production of around 3.3 million bbl/d. Daqing is a mature field, however, having begun production in 1963. It is expected to show declining production in the future, but the bowlby attachment discovery of additional small oil-bearing structures at the field and Mirror or Foil? the introduction of enhanced recovery technologies may slow the reaction respiration decline. At China's second-largest producing field, Liaohe in northeastern China, CNPC has solicited proposals from potential foreign partners to help it enhance recovery rates and or Foil? Essay extend production, though no contracts have yet been signed. In December 2000, regulatory changes were announced which will remove some of the barriers to foreign firms forming partnerships with Chinese oil majors. Government priorities focus on stabilizing production in the eastern regions of the country at overall reaction for cellular current levels, increasing production in new fields in the West, and developing the infrastructure required to deliver western oil and gas to consumers in Essay the East.
Offshore development also is a high priority. Chinese officials have said that they expect production in Xinjiang to reach 1 million bbl/d by overall for cellular, 2008, but that seems ambitious, given that transportation of that oil to consumers in the East remains a major obstacle. Recent offshore oil exploration interest has centered on the Bohai Sea area, east of Mirror or Foil? Tianjin, believed to bowlby attachment, hold more than 1.5 billion barrels in reserves, and the Pearl River Mouth area. Phillips Petroleum announced in March 2000 that it had completed its appraisal drilling of the Peng Lai find in Block 11/05, and would proceed with development. Essay? Full scale production at the field is expected to essay, reach more than 100,000 bbl/d by Mirror, 2004. Shell and CNOOC signed a production sharing contract for exploration in the Bonan area of the Bohai Sea in January 2001. Seismic survey work is taking place, and drilling is scheduled to begin in 2003.
CNOOC also signed a production sharing contract with Canadian independent Husky Oil in July 2001 for Block 39-05 in the Pearl River Mouth, near the Wenchang 13-1/13-2 blocks, where Husky Oil and bowlby attachment CNOOC already are producing about 50,000 bbl/d. Another major offshore oilfield has been developed in the Pearl River Mouth area by a consortium including Chevron, Texaco, Agip, and CNOOC. The field began production in February 1999. Meanwhile, improvement in Mirror Essay Sino-Vietnamese relations has opened the way for oil and gas exploration in the Beibu Gulf (known in Vietnam as the Gulf of Tonkin). China and Vietnam signed an agreement in December 2000 which settled their outstanding disputes over sovereignty and economic rights in offshore areas near their border. Stroop? The Spratly Islands in the South China Sea also are suspected to or Foil? Essay, hold oil and gas reserves, but the when rain clouds gather area, as mentioned above, is claimed by Mirror Essay, several neighboring states. With China's expectation of growing future dependence on oil imports, China has been acquiring interests in exploration and production abroad. CNPC holds oil concessions in Kazakhstan, Venezuela, Sudan, Iraq, Iran, and Peru, and the october Azerbaijan. Sinopec also has begun seeking to purchase overseas upstream assets.
The most significant deal thus far is Mirror Essay, CNPC's aquisition of 300 word example a 60% stake in the Kazakh oil firm Aktobemunaigaz, which came with a pledge to invest significantly in the company's future development over Mirror, the next twenty years. Effect Test? While there had been some discussion of a possible oil pipeline from Kazakhstan to China, CNPC has said that it would only be considered if reserves were sufficient and it was economical, which looks doubtful. The Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), the Sudanese oil project in which CNPC owns a stake, began exports in August 1999. The CNPC concession in Iraq cannot be developed until United Nations economic sanctions are lifted, at least to the extent of or Foil? Essay allowing foreign investment in Iraqi oil infrastructure. CNOOC also has purchased an upsteam equity stake in the small Malacca Strait oilfield in Indonesia. Russia's Far East is model of social responsibility, seen as a potential source of Chinese crude oil imports. The Russian and Chinese governments have been holding regular discussions on the feasibility of pipelines to make such exports possible. One proposed major project is a $1.7-billion pipeline from or Foil?, Irkutsk to Beijing being backed by Russia's Yukos Oil, which, if developed, could carry 400,000 bbl/d of oil, mainly from the Tomsk region. CNPC and Yukos signed an agreement in July 2001 to carry out attachment a feasibility study for the project, which is due to be completed in mid-2002.
An alternative plan, proposed by Russian pipeline operator Transneft, would take Russian crude from both West Siberia and East Siberia via a 1 million bbl/d pipeline to or Foil?, an export terminal at the Pacific coast port of Nakhodka. China would presumably be one of the major consumers of oil from such a project, but it would also give Russia increased access to the Japanese, South Korean, and other East Asian markets. Downstream infrastructure development in China centers primarily on upgrading existing refineries rather than building new ones, due to 300 word example, current overcapacity. In the late 1990s, the Chinese government shut down 110 small refineries, which generally made inferior quality petroleum products. 62 other small refineries owned by or Foil? Essay, provincial and local governments also are likely to be merged into CNPC and Sinopec in the near future. When Rain Summary? Another major issue in the Chinese downstream sector is the or Foil? Essay lack of socioeconomic responsibility adequate refining capacity suitable for Mirror or Foil?, heavier Middle Eastern crude oil, which will become a necessity as Chinese import demand rises in the mid-term future. Several existing refineries are being upgraded to handle heavier and more sour grades of crude oil. Chinese officials have spoken of their intention to the october 1970, build a national strategic petroleum reserve, but no formal policy announcement has taken place, and it is unclear whether China would build a government-held reserve of crude oil like the U.S.
Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) or make the maintenance of a minimum stock level a regulatory requirement of doing business as a refiner, which is the basis for or Foil? Essay, strategic reserves in Japan and South Korea. Historically, natural gas has not been a major fuel in China, but given China's domestic reserves of crisis 1970 natural gas, which stood at 48.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) at Mirror Essay the beginning of 2002, and the environmental benefits of using gas, China has embarked on a major expansion of its gas infrastructure. Until the 1990s, natural gas was used largely as a feedstock for fertilizer plants, with little use for electricity generation. Gas currently accounts for only slightly more than 3% of total energy consumption in China, but consumption is expected to more than triple by 2010. This will involve increases in domestic production, and imports, by pipeline and in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG).
The country's largest reserves of natural gas are located in western and north-central China, necessitating a significant further investment in pipeline infrastructure to carry it to eastern cities. Bowlby? China is planning to build a pipeline, the Mirror or Foil? Essay West-to-East Pipeline, from gas deposits in the western Xinjiang province to Shanghai, picking up additional gas in the Ordos Basin along the way. Reaction Respiration? Shell was chosen in February 2002 as the lead firm for the project, and Gazprom and ExxonMobil will hold significant stakes. Sinopec also is Mirror Essay, likely to be added as an equity partner, but only for a 5% stake. Though construction had been scheduled to begin in bowlby 2001, it is unclear how long it will take to finalize terms for the contract. Some of the potential foreign partners in the project are reported to have concerns about the $18 billion project's commercial viability, even though letters of intent have been signed with several of the project's intended customers. The concern stems from the possibility that the Mirror or Foil? Essay Tarim Basin gas deposits may provide enough gas for only 20 years of operation, while close to 40 years of operation could be needed to make it profitable, given the massive construction costs. While it is bowlby, unlikely to Essay, happen in the near future, the West-to-East Pipeline eventually could serve as a trunkline which could be extended to receive gas from Central Asia. China announced a discovery of the october 1970 a major gas field at Sulige in the Ordos Basin in or Foil? Essay the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, adjacent to the Changqing oilfield, in 2001. 300 Word? While the field is Mirror Essay, still under evaluation, recent unofficial reserve estimates cited in crisis the trade press put reserves in the range of 16-21 Tcf, substantially more than was assumed when the Mirror or Foil? discovery was first announced. Some natural gas from from the Ordos Basin is likely to be put into the West-to-East Pipeline, which was to run through the area in test any case, and help make it economically viable.
A pipeline was completed in 1997 between the Ordos Basin and Beijing, and a second pipeline is or Foil?, planned in when gather summary the near future, as demand for natural gas in Mirror Beijing, Tianjin, and socioeconomic of social responsibility nearby Hebei province already is outstripping the capacity of the original pipeline. Another proposed pipeline project would link the Mirror or Foil? Essay Russian natural gas grid in Siberia to test, China and possibly South Korea via a pipeline from the Kovykta gas fields near Irkutsk, which hold reserves of more than 50 Tcf. The cost of the project has been estimated at $12 billion, and a feasibility study is underway. The pipeline would have a planned capacity of 2.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), of which China would likely consume about 1.9 Bcf/d and South Korea 1 Bcf/d. Mirror Essay? The main South Korea gas company, Kogas, formally joined the feasibility study in socioeconomic of social November 2000. The main foreign backer of the project is BP, which owns a 30% stake in Rusia Petroleum , the license holder for Mirror or Foil? Essay, the Kovykta gas field. The project faces some hurdles, however, as it would involve South Korea becoming dependent on gas supplies routed through China and North Korea. The project seems to have made little progress in the last year, due to tensions on the Korean peninsula and possibly Chinese expectations of bowlby additional domestic supplies for northeastern China based on the large new natural gas find in the Ordos Basin. It is not clear that the project would be economical if it is not extended to South Korea. Aside from these huge projects, other pipelines are being developed to link smaller natural gas deposits to other consumers. A pipeline was completed in early 2002 linking the Sebei natural gas field in the Qaidam Basin with consumers in the city of Lanzhou.
Another planned project would link gas deposits in Sichuan province in Mirror or Foil? Essay the southwest to consumers in Hubei and Hunan provinces in central China at gather summary an estimate cost of Mirror $600 million. One major hurdle for natural gas projects in China is the lack of a unified regulatory system. Currently, natural gas prices are governed by a patchwork of local regulations. The Chinese government is in attachment the process of drafting a new legal framework for the natural gas sector, which has become an urgent priority to reassure Shell and Mirror or Foil? Essay other potential foreign investors in the West-to-East Pipeline that there will be a stable regulatory environment. Offshore gas projects also are becoming a significant part of China's gas supply. The Yacheng 13-1 field, developed in the mid-1990s, has been producing gas for when rain clouds gather, Hong Kong and Hainan Island since 1996.
The Chunxiao gas field in the East China Sea, being developed by China National Star Petroleum, is also expected to become a significant producer within the next decade. Or Foil? Essay? The company puts the field's reserves at 300 word example more than 1.6 Tcf. Another area where where exploratory drilling is planned is the Essay Xihu Trough, in the East China Sea about 250 miles east of bowlby attachment Shanghai. Imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) will be used primarily in China's southeastern coastal region. Mirror Essay? Guangdong province already has launched a project to build six, 320-megawatt (MW) gas-fired power plants, and to convert existing oil fired plants with a capacity of 1.8 gigawatts (GW) to LNG. In March 2001, it was announced that BP had been selected to build China's first LNG import terminal, to be located near the city of Guangdong. BP will take a 30% equity stake in the project, with CNOOC holding 31% and the rest held by local firms from Guangdong and socioeconomic responsibility Hong Kong. Proposals for supplies of LNG to the terminal were received in May 2002 from three potential suppliers, RasGas of Qatar, Shell's Northwest Shelf LNG project in or Foil? Essay Australia, and 1970 BP's planned Tangguh LNG project in Mirror or Foil? Indonesia. A second LNG import terminal is planned for rain, Fujian province, to be completed in 2005 or 2006.
Coal makes up the bulk, over Mirror or Foil?, 63%, of China's primary energy consumption, and China is test, both the largest consumer and producer of coal in Mirror or Foil? Essay the world. China's coal consumption in 2000 was 1.27 billion short tons, or over 24% of the world total. The Chinese government has recently made a major upward revision to coal production and consumption figures covering the last several years. While the new figures still show coal use declining significantly, the decline is much less than the previously published figures. China's coal industry has had a serious oversupply problem in recent years, particularly in the late 1990s, and the government has begun implementing major reforms aimed at reducing the oversupply, returning large state-owned mines to profitability as a prelude to possible future privatization, and attachment reducing mine accidents. Large state-owned coal mines had experienced buildups of Mirror unused inventories in the mid-to-late-1990s, and many were operating at a financial loss. A large number of small, unlicensed mines also have added to the oversupply. In 1998, the government launched a large-scale effort to effect test, close down the small mines. Many small coal mines have been closed, and the effort is Mirror or Foil? Essay, continuing.
As a result of the closures, depressed local coal prices have started to recover, and combined with cost-cutting measures, some of the large-scale mines returned to profitability in for cellular 2000. It has become clear, however, through much anecdotal evidence, that not all of the or Foil? Essay closed mines have actually ceased operation, and the recent revision to the october 1970, the Chinese State Statistical Bureau's production and consumption figures appears to reflect this. China also is increasingly seeking export markets for its coal as a way of dealing with its surplus production. According to Mirror Essay, figures published by the Chinese government, China's net coal exports for 2001 rose by 46% from the previous year. Japan and South Korea are the primary markets, and China is beginning to emerge as a serious competitor to overall for cellular respiration, Australia for Mirror or Foil? Essay, Japanese coal imports. Socioeconomic Model Responsibility? India also has been importing modest quantities of Chinese coal.
Over the longer term, China's coal demand is projected to rise significantly , roughly doubling by the year 2020. While coal's share of overall Chinese energy consumption is or Foil?, projected to fall, coal consumption will still be increasing in when rain clouds gather absolute terms. Several projects exist for the development of coal-fired power plants co-located with large mines, so called coal by wire projects. Other technological improvements also are being undertaken, including the first small-scale projects for coal gasification, and a coal slurry pipeline to transport coal to the port of Qingdao. Coalbed methane production also is being developed, with recent American investors in or Foil? this effort including BP, Texaco, and overall for cellular respiration Virgin Oil, which was awarded a concession for exploration in Ningxia province in January 2001. Texaco is the largest foreign investor in coalbed methane, with activities in several provinces. Coalbed methane production is expected to Essay, reach 0.4 billion Tcf by 2010. In contrast to the past, China is gather summary, becoming more open to foreign investment in the coal sector, particularly in modernization of existing large-scale mines and the development of Essay new ones. The China National Coal Import and Export Corporation is the primary Chinese partner for clouds summary, foreign investors in Mirror Essay the coal sector. When Gather? Areas of interest in foreign invesment concentrate on new technologies only recently introduced in China or with environmental benefit, including coal liquefaction, coal bed methane production, and slurry pipeline transportation projects.
Over the or Foil? longer term, China plans to aggregate the large state coal mines into seven corporations by the end of 2005, in a process similar to the creation of CNPC and Sinopec out of state assets. Such firms might then seek to pursue foreign capital through international stock offerings. China has expressed a strong interest in coal liquefaction technology, and would like see liquid fuels based on crisis, coal substitute for some of its petroleum demand for transportation. The first pilot coal liquefaction plant is planned to be operational in coal-rich Shanxi in Mirror or Foil? Essay late 2001. Shell also signed an agreement in December 2001 for a coal gasification project in Yueyang in Hunan province, which is to replace naphtha as a feedstock for a large fertilizer plant. As with coal, China's electric power industry experienced a serious oversupply problem in 1998-99, due largely to demand reductions from closures of inefficient state-owned industrial units, which were major consumers of electricity.
The Chinese government responded to the short-term oversupply in part by implementing a drive to close down small thermal power plants and by imposing a moratorium (with a few exceptions) on approval of new power plant construction, which ran through January 1, 2002, and there have not been a large number of new projects approved since then. Most of the small power plants closed were diesel or coal-fired plants which were opened by provincial or municipal governments as demand grew in the 1980's, and were relatively inefficient and polluting. Even with the moratorium on crisis 1970, new construction approvals, many power plants have been coming online, due to the very large backlog of power generation projects approved prior to the moratorium. When the moratorium took effect, there was a total of or Foil? Essay 70 GW of new capacity under construction or with final approval, much of which is still under development. The largest project under construction, by far, is the Three Gorges Dam, which, when fully completed in 2009, will include 26 separate 700-MW generators, for a total of 18.2 GW. Socioeconomic Model? Plans were announced in Essay March 2002 to of social, reorganize the Three Gorges project into the China Three Gorges Electric Power Corporation. The corporation is expected to or Foil?, seek capital through an equity offering open to foreign investors, similar to those already carried out by socioeconomic of social responsibility, the major Chinese oil companies, in Mirror Essay 2003. Another large hydropower project involves a series of 300 word essay dams on the upper portion of the Yellow River. Shaanxi, Qinghai, and Gansu provinces have joined to create the or Foil? Essay Yellow River Hydroelectric Development Corporation, with plans for the eventual construction of 300 word 25 generating stations with a combined installed capacity of or Foil? Essay 15.8 GW. Seven of these stations are either under construction or currently in operation.
Most of the major developments taking place in test the Chinese electricity sector in 2002 involve nuclear power. Several nuclear projects are under construction, with the involvement of Russian, French, and Essay Canadian firms. The first generation unit of the Lingao nuclear power plant in Guangdong province began commercial operation in May 2002, with a capacity of 1-GW. Attachment? The second 1 GW generating unit is Mirror Essay, expected to begin operating in March 2003. When Rain Gather Summary? An additional 600-MW generating unit at or Foil? Essay the Qinshan nuclear power plant in Zhejiang province began operation in February 2002, and overall another 600-MW unit at the same site is scheduled to begin delivering electricity in late 2002. A major issue for China's electric power industry is the distribution of generation among power plants. China's stated intention eventually is to create a unified national power grid, and to Mirror or Foil? Essay, have a modern power market in bowlby attachment which plants sell power to or Foil?, the grid at overall for cellular market-determined rates. Or Foil?? In the for cellular respiration short term, though, traditional arrangements still hold sway, and state-owned power plants which have government connections tend to have a higher priority than independent private plants. Additionally, some private plants with take-or-pay contracts, which provide for guaranteed minimum sales amounts, have had trouble getting the provincial authorities running the Mirror Essay local grids to honor those terms.
In the short term, oversupply and uncertainty are likely to reduce foreign investment in China's power sector. In the socioeconomic model of social longer term, though, growth in Mirror electricity consumption is projected at 5.5% per year through 2020. The largest gainer in terms of fuel share in the future is expected to attachment, be natural gas, due largely to environmental concerns in China's rapidly industrializing coastal provinces. Mirror Or Foil?? If a truly competitive market for effect test, electric power develops as planned, the Mirror Chinese market may once again become attractive to gather, foreign investment. At present, foreign direct investment is allowed only in power generation, but loan financing has been obtained for some power transmission projects. The Chinese government is in the early stages of or Foil? Essay formulating a fundamental long-term restructuring of their electric power sector, embodies in socioeconomic model responsibility the National Power Industry Framework Reform Plan promulgated by the State Council in April 2002. As with many other countries reform programs, generating assets are to or Foil? Essay, be largely separated from transmission and distribution. The State Power Corporation (SPC) will divest most of its generating assets (though retaining about 20%), and the october 1970 then be split into regional transmission and distribution companies. Electricity prices will still be regulated, but there are likely to be major changes in tarriffs and Essay the overall regulatory structure for electricity pricing.
The process is at an early stage, and many of the model responsibility details remain to be worked out. China suffers from major energy-related environmental problems. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), seven of the Mirror world's ten most polluted cities are in China. The country's heavy use of unwashed coal leads to effect, large emissions of sulfur dioxide and Mirror particulate matter. China also is important to any effort to curb emissions of greenhouse gases, as it is projected to 1970, experience the largest absolute growth in carbon dioxide emissions between now and the year 2020. China is a non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, meaning that it has not agreed to binding targets for reduction of carbon dioxide emissions under the Kyoto Protocol.
While the Chinese government is Mirror Essay, concerned with its environmental problems, it tends to bowlby, be more concerned with local problems, such as particulate matter and sulfur dioxide emissions. Thus, it is undertaking efforts to lessen emissions of pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, through improved pollution controls on Essay, power plants as well as policies designed to increase the share of natural gas in the country's fuel mix, particularly around major metropolitan areas. President: Jiang Zemin (since March 1993) Premier: Zhu Rongji (since March 1998) Population (July 2001E): 1.3 billion. Location/Size: Eastern Asia/3.7 million square miles (9.6 million square kilometers, slightly smaller than the United States) Major Cities: Beijing (capital), Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Wuhan, Chengdu, Hong Kong. Languages: Mandarin (official), many local dialects. Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese (92%); Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, others (8%)
Religion: Officially atheist; Daoism, Buddhism, Muslim (2-3%); Christian (1%) Defense (8/98): Army (2.1 million), Navy (260,000), Air Force (470,000), reserves (1.2 million), People's Armed Police (1 million) Exchange Rate (6/2/02): US$1 = 8.3 Yuan/Renminbi. Gross Domestic Product (2001E): $1.18 trillion (2002F): $1.27 trillion. Real GDP Growth Rate (2001E): 7.3% (2002F): 6.7% Inflation Rate (2002F): 0.6%
Current Account Surplus (2002F): $20.3 billion. Major Trading Partners: Japan, United States, European Union, South Korea, Taiwan. Merchandise Exports (2002F): $303.6 billion. Merchandise Imports (2002F): $254.1 billion. Merchandise Trade Surplus (2002F): $33.1 billion. Major Export Products: Light industrial and textile products, mineral fuels, heavy manufactures, agricultural goods. Major Import Products: Machinery, steel, chemicals, miscellaneous manufactures, industrial materials, grain. Monetary Reserves (2002F, non-gold): $174.2 billion. External Debt (2002F): $164.1 billion. Proven Oil Reserves (1/1/02E): 24 billion barrels.
Oil Production (2001E): 3.3 million barrels per day (bbl/d) Oil Consumption (2001E): 4.9 million bbl/d. Net Oil Imports (2001E): 1.6 million bbl/d. Crude Oil Refining Capacity (1/1/02E): 4.5 million bbl/d. Natural Gas Reserves (1/1/02E) : 48.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) Natural Gas Production (2000E): 0.96 Tcf. Natural Gas Consumption (2000E): 0.96 Tcf. Recoverable Coal Reserves (1/1/96E): 126.2 billion short tons. Coal Production (2000E): 1.27 billion short tons.
Coal Consumption (2000E): 1.31 billion short tons. Electric Generation Capacity (1/1/00E): 294 GW (222 GW thermal; 70 GW hydro; 2 GW nuclear) Electricity Generation (1999E): 1,308 billion kilowatthours (1,070 conventional thermal; 220 hydro; 16 nuclear) Statistical note: All data reported here exclude Hong Kong, a former British colony which reverted to China on stroop test, July 1, 1997. Minister of Land and Natural Resources: Yongkang Zhou. Minister of Water Resources: Shucheng Wang. Total Energy Consumption (2000E): 36.7 quadrillion Btu (9.2% of world total energy consumption) Energy-Related Carbon Emissions (2000E): 775.0 million metric tons of Mirror or Foil? Essay carbon (12.0% of world carbon emissions)
Per Capita Energy Consumption (2000E): 28.8 million Btu (vs. Bowlby Attachment? U.S. value of 351.0 million Btu) Per Capita Carbon Emissions (2000E): 0.61 metric tons of carbon (vs. U.S. Mirror? value of stroop effect test 5.6 metric tons of carbon) Energy Intensity (2000E): 35,201 Btu/$1995 (vs. U.S. value of 10,918 Btu/$1995)** Carbon Intensity (2000E): 0.74 metric tons of carbon/thousand $1995 (vs. U.S. value of 0.17 metric tons/thousand $1995)**
Sectoral Share of Energy Consumption (1998E): Residential (28.3%), Industrial (59.9%), Transportation (7.4%), Commercial (4.4%) Sectoral Share of Carbon Emissions (1998E): Transportation (8.6%), Industrial (75.1%), Commercial (5.3%), Residential (10.9%) Fuel Share of Energy Consumption (2000E): Oil (26.8%), Natural Gas (3.0%), Coal (63.6%) Fuel Share of Carbon Emissions (2000E): Oil (22.0%), Natural Gas (2.1%), Coal (75.9%) Renewable Energy Consumption (1998E): 10,895 trillion Btu* (2% increase from 1997) Number of People per Motor Vehicle (1998): 125 (vs.
U.S. value of 1.3) Status in Climate Change Negotiations: Non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (ratified January 5th, 1993). Signatory to the Kyoto Protocol (signed May 29th, 1998 - not yet ratified). Major Environmental Issues: Air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from the overwhelming use of high-sulfur coal as a fuel, producing acid rain which is damaging forests; water shortages experienced throughout the country, particularly in urban areas and in the north; future growth in water usage threatens to outpace supplies; water pollution from industrial effluents; much of the population does not have access to potable water; less than 10% of sewage receives treatment; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of or Foil? agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and overall for cellular respiration economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species. Major International Environmental Agreements: A party to or Foil?, the Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the bowlby attachment Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 and Wetlands. Has signed but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban. * The total energy consumption statistic includes petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, net hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, wood and waste electric power.
The renewable energy consumption statistic is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) data and includes hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal, solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids, industrial and Essay municipal wastes. Sectoral shares of energy consumption and carbon emissions are also based on IEA data. **GDP based on overall reaction, EIA International Energy Annual 2000. Organization: Coal - China National Local Coal Mines Development Corp., China Northeast NEI-Mongolia United Coal Co., numerous local state-owned mines and rural collectives; Coal import/exports - China Coal Import and Export Group; Petroleum - China National Petroleum Corp. Or Foil? Essay? (CNPC, PetroChina is its publicly traded subsidiary), China National Offshore Oil Corp. Model Of Social? (CNOOC), China National Oil Gas Exploration Development Corp. (CNODC), China National Star Petroleum (Star); China National Petrochemical Corp. Mirror Or Foil? Essay? (SINOPEC); Oil imports/exports - China National Chemicals Import and Export Corporation (SINOCHEM), China United Petroleum Corporation (China Oil), China United Petrochemical Corp. (UNIPEC); Electric power - China State Power Corp., Huaneng Group, Inc., China National Power Industry Corp. (CNPIC), regional electric power corporations, China National Nuclear Industry Corp., China International Water and Electric Corp. (CWE).; Energy Finance - China National Energy Investment Corp. Major Producing Oil Fields (2000 Production): Daqing (1.1 MMBD), Shengli (0.5 MMBD), Liaohe (0.3 MMBD) Major Refineries (1/1/02 Capacity): Fushun (184,800 bbl/d), Maoming (170,700 bbl/d), Qilu (160,700 bbl/d), Gaoqiao (150,600 bbl/d), Dalian (142,600 bbl/d), Yanshan (190,800 bbl/d), Jinling (140,600 bbl/d); Zhenlai (160,700 bbl/d) Sources for this report include: Asia Pulse; Coal Week International; Dow Jones Newswire; Economist Intelligence Unit; Financial Times; Oil and Gas Journal; Oil Daily; Petroleum Economist; Petroleum Intelligence Weekly; South China Morning Post; U.S. Commerce Department; International Trade Administration -- Country Commercial Guides; U.S. Energy Information Administration; DRI/WEFA Asia Economic Outlook; World Gas Intelligence.
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